Then Solomon stood before the altar of G‑d and spread forth his hands toward heaven in solemn prayer:--. In the Haftorah we read about the building of the Beit HaMikdash (the Holy Temple), which replaced the Mishkan. King Yehoash, the king of Yehuda, repairs the Beit HaMikdash ~ the Holy Temple with the half shekel coins donated by Bnai Yisra’el ~ the Israelites The Haftorah is read from the book of Melachim Beit (Kings II) and is read two weeks before Purim. Its establishment is attributed to Ezra, who decreed that local courts were to sit on Mondays and Thursdays in all populated centers (BK 82a), with a supreme court (Great Sanhedrin) in Jerusalem. Born circumcised in the year 3140 about 2620 years ago to his father Amoz, also a prophet. 0070-01-01 00:00:00 Destruction of the Second Beit Hamikdash. Replies. If you enjoyed this article, we encourage you to distribute it further, provided that you comply with Chabad.org's, Kabbalah, Chassidism and Jewish Mysticism, Dispersion from Babel after building the tower, The Akeda, where Isaac was brought on the altar by Abraham, The revelation at Mount Sinai and the giving of the Torah, The spies returned from Canaan with bad news, The appointment of the Land of Israel was completed, The rule of Judges began with Othniel ben Kenaz, The building of the first Beit Hamikdash commenced, Rehabeam (son of Solomon) became king of Judah, Jeroboam ben Nevat became king over Israel, Sennacherib invaded the Land of Judah and retreated, Menasseh (son of Hezekiah) became king of Judah, Jerusalem was conquered and Joiakim (Yehoyakim) was exiled, Joiakim burned the Book of Lamentations composed by Jeremiah, Jerusalem was conquered again and Jehoiachin was exiled, Jeremiah persisted in prophesying calamity, Ezekiel prophesied about the future Beit Hamikdash, Zerubabel led the return to the Land of Israel, Simon the Tzaddik met Alexander the Great, Queen Shalomtzion (Salome Alexandra, wife of Alexander Yannai) ruled, Aristoblus II (son of Alexander Yannai) ruled, Hyrkanos II (son of Alexander Yannai) ruled, Herod I ruled, killing all the Chashmona'im, Hillel became the leader of the Torah scholars, Vespasian arrived in Judea to reassert Roman authority, Betar fell, and the Bar Kochba revolt ended in tragedy, Judaism was banned, and R. Akiva was imprisoned, R. Judah Hanassi completed the Mishnah around this time, Rav left the Land of Israel and settled in Bablyonia, Shmuel was the Talmudic authority in Bablyonia, R. Huna was the leading Talmudic authority, R. Yehudah was the leading Talmudic authority, R. Chisda was the leading Talmudic authority, R. Yosef was the leading Talmudic authority, Abayey was the leading Talmudic authority, R. Ashi was the leading Talmudic authority, R. Ashi died after the compilation of the Gemara, Rabbeinu Saadya was appointed gaon of Sura, "Four Captives" were ransomed at around this time, R. Hai became (the last) gaon of Pumpedita, R. Hai died, and the academies of Babylon declined, The Crusaders destroyed Jewish communities, Rashi died, and the era of the Tosaphot began, Rabbeinu Tam was captured by the Crusaders, The Rambam's and the Radak's families left Cordova, Jews were massacred in England in the third Crusade, Rabbi David Kimchi, known as the "Radak", wrote his commentary, A massive burning of the Talmud took place in Paris, The Ramban left Spain and settled in the Land of Israel, The author of the 'Mordechai' and Hagahot Maimoniyot were killed, The Rashba placed a limited ban on philosophy, The Rosh and his son, the Tur, arrived in Spain, Jews of Spain were massacred — many were forced to convert, R. Yosef Albo was in a forced debate with Christians, The invention of printing was used for Jewish books, R. Ovadiah De Bertinoro settled in Jerusalem, Columbus consulted R. Avraham Zacuto for his travels, The Or HaChayim arrived in the Land of Israel, R. Moshe Chaim Luzzatto (Ramchal) died in Acco (Acre), R. Jonathan Eybeschutz became Rabbi in Hamburg, R. Yechezkel Landau, known as the "Noda BiYehuda", became Rabbi in Prague, The Ba'al HaTanya was released from first imprisonment, Napoleon led an army expedition through the Land of Israel, The Chatam Sofer became rabbi in Pressburg, The Tzemach Tzedek of Lubavitch was repeatedly arrested in Russia, Sir Moshe Montefiore visited Russia to help local Jews, The Sixth Lubavitcher Rebbe was released from Soviet prison, The Lubavitcher Rebbe accepts the mantle of leadership, The Lubavitcher Rebbe established the Tefillin Campaign, Jerusalem re-united under Jewish rule in the Six Day War, 2,500 Jewish soldiers were killed in the Yom Kippur War, The Lubavitcher Rebbe established the Shabbat Candle Campaign, The first international conference of Chabad Lubavitch emissaries, Deadly terrorist attack at the Chabad House in Mumbai, India, kills six, The first two of the Ten Tribes were exiled, Another two of the Ten Tribes were exiled, Building of Second Beit Hamikdash commenced, then halted, Building of the second Beit Hamikdash resumed, The Second Beit Hamikdash was re-dedicated, Judah Aristoblus (son of Yochanan Hyrkanos) ruled, Renovation of the second Beit Hamikdash was completed, Archelaus was deposed by the Roman Emperor, Rabban Gamliel I (son of Shimon) grandson of Hillel, died, The Sanhedrin moved from place to place, under R. Gamliel II, R. Yohanan was the leading Talmudic authority, Rabbah was the leading Talmudic authority, Hillel II (who established the calendar) became, Mar Zutra proclaimed Jewish self-rule in Babylonia, The talmudic academy of Pumpedita was reconstituted, The talmudic academy of Sura was reconstituted, The Persians conquered the Land of Israel, The Jews were allowed to return to Jerusalem, The Byzantine Empire reconquered the Land of Israel, One of the "Takkkanot Hage'onim" was enacted at this time, R. Achai Gaon left Iraq for the Land of Israel, The Halachot Gedolot (BaHag) was written at this time, Another of the "Takkanot Hage'onim" was enacted at this time, The first (recorded) blood libel took place, The Crusaders attacked Jewish communities, Jerusalem was sacked by Egyptians and Turks, The era of the Tosaphot concluded at around this time, Jews were massacred by the Pastoureaux Crusaders, Jews of Germany were massacred by the Armleder bands, The Ralbag wrote his commentary on the Bible, The Black Death massacres swept across Europe, The Ran, Rivash, and other scholars in Spain were imprisoned, Jews in Austria were massacred in the Wiener Gezera, All Jews were expelled from Spain and Sicily, A mass burning of Jewish books took place in Rome, The Shulchan Aruch was published with supplements of, R.Yom Tov Lipman Heller was imprisoned in Prague, The Shach and Taz (on Shulchan Aruch) were printed, Jews were massacred by Chmielnicki’s forces, The first Jews settled in New Amsterdam (New York), Many Jews killed in Russian and Swedish invasions of Poland, Jews were massacred by the Haidamack bands, The Frankists instigated mass burnings of the, Frankists supported blood libel charges in public 'debate', The Council of Four Lands, known as the "Vaad Arba Aratzot", was discontinued, Despite resistance, the Haidamacks massacre thousands, The Pale of Settlement was established in Russia, Jews suffered in reign of terror of French Revolution, Chozeh of Lublin and R. Mendel of Rymanov both died, Anti Jewish riots spread throughout Germany, Russia began conscripting Jewish children to the army, The Malbim was imprisoned, and then expelled from Rumania, Petah Tikvah agricultural settlement was established, Many Jews began leaving Russia after a wave of pogroms, Many Jews were killed in (official) Russian pogroms, Over 500,000 Jewish soldiers fought in World War I, Over 60,000 Jews were killed during the Russian Revolution, Jews were attacked in the Kristallnacht pogroms in Germany, Germany started World War II, and mass killing of Jews, 200,000 Jews were killed at Babi Yar and Ponary, 400,000 Jews of Warsaw were sent to death camps, Nazi Germany experienced massive losses in the battle of Stalingrad, The remaining Jews in Warsaw staged a massive uprising, Jewish uprisings at Treblinka, Sobibor, and Bialystock, The Danish people quietly rescued 93% of their Jews to safety, 300,000 Hungarian Jews were killed in 3 months, Uprising in Auschwitz death camp just before freedom, Nazi Germany was conquered, and World War II ended, 6,000,000 Jews were killed by the Nazis during the war, Publication of the Talmud Encyclopedia was commenced, Israel was invaded by many Arab countries, The “War of Independence” in Israel ended, All Jews left the ancient Jewish community of Iraq, Almost all Jews of Yemen emigrated to Israel, Jewish forces invaded Egypt and conquered the Sinai Desert, Massive enemy arsenals were discovered in Lebanon. Reply. In the fourth year of his reign, Solomon undertook the construction of the Temple. His whole life had been occupied in wars of liberation, until the boundaries of Eretz Israel were completely freed, stretching from the Euphrates in the north-east to the African border in the south. Recommended to you based on your activity and what's popular • Feedback Since at least July 2000, when U.S.-sponsored peace talks at Camp David, Maryland, collapsed, soon to be followed by what became known as the Second Intifada, the very existence of an Israelite temple in ancient Jerusalem has been a point of contention between Palestinians and Israelis. "And hear them in heaven Thy dwelling place; "When heaven is shut up, and there is no rain, because they have sinned against Thee; "If they pray toward this place, and confess Thy name. They were aware that -370 3395 Achashverosh II made his great banquet. Ships set sail eastward and westward to bring the choicest materials for the adornment of the House of G‑d. The specific term Beit HaMikdash appears in rabbinic literature but not in the Tanakh. He predicted Israel’s demise. "Yet turn Thou unto the prayer of Thy servant, and to his supplication. Temple (Beit Hamikdash) ֵ ָׁ²ְשִּ£-£ֵªְב תֵ°ְ¦ ָׁªָׁש תֹ ֵ ¬ַבְְַ ָׁªָׁש §£ִּªֹ ¨ְשִּ ִּ ְ£ַ א ךְלְֹ¨ִּ¦ ,£ִּªֵשַ שֶ ֹ¡ַ וּ , ִּ שֶ ֹ¡ְב תִּ¬£ִּ ְ²ָׁ ָׁªָׁשַב §ִּ£ַ²ְ°ִּ¨-¯ֶ²ֶ ֵ¨ Bayit means house (beit is a grammatical construct that makes it into “house of.”) HaMikdash comes from the root kuf-dalet-shin, which denotes holiness. “Any generation in which the Beit HaMikdash [the Temple] was not rebuilt in their days, it’s considered as if they destroyed it,” (Talmud Yerushalmi Yoma 5a). Kabbalah teaches that the Future Temple is a hidden beginning that has yet to be revealed. 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