2. While I was eating, the cat scratched at the door. Reading & Writing. Use a comma after relatively lengthy introductory phrases or dependent (subordinate) clauses. They introduce something. 2. With Introductory Phrases. In this article, I explain how to recognize adverbs, and I give examples of the three types of introductory adverbial elements. An Introductory Clause and Its Functions An introductory clause aims to answer the questions where, when, how, why, and some others. For example: In the tree a monkey sat and looked around. Introductory Phrases After using an introductory phrase to begin a sentence, you may or may not need to add a comma. When the word “now” is the beginning of the sentence and functions as an introductory word, a comma should be placed right after. Long prepositional phrases or a succession of prepositional phrases Examples: If you omit the first word, the sentence means exactly the same thing. So, if you're uniting two independent clauses, just do comma and then a conjunction. A dependent clause is a group of words that can’t stand on its own as a sentence because it does not express a complete thought. Commas separating two independent clauses 2. Commas are placed after the introductory clause, phase or words. Examples: 1. After I ate my ... examples: 1. Use a comma after a dependent introductory clause, phrase, or word. Examples: In order to be successful, one must learn to write well. Introductory Phrases. In sentence A, there is no comma after well. Use a comma after an introductory adverb prepositional phrase unless it is very short (3-4 words) and is not likely to be misunderstood. Sometimes a dependent clause can be used to introduce a sentence. While I got dressed, The radio was playing a great song. Use a comma after an introductory transition word such as however, still, furthermore, and moreover. 2. It is important to note that a comma should not be used when the clause or phrase comes at the end of the sentence as illustrated by the third example. An introductory clause is the dependent clause (incomplete sentence) that introduces the independent clause. I … In France the students toured museums. (In this example, the shaded text is an adjective phrase. Use commas to separate words and word groups in a simple series of three or more items. Using a comma after “now” When “now” is used as an introductory word. Commas after introductory words and phrases. Introductory phrases and clauses pretty much do what they say do. Rule 1. -- Created using Powtoon -- Free sign up at http://www.powtoon.com/youtube/ -- Create animated videos and animated presentations for free. “We drove to the beach, but we left since the parking lot was full.” One of the most common comma placement errors is the usage of a comma after a conjunction rather than before: “Nancy’s schedule was very … Before I eat on Easter, I hope I have my braces off. They went home is the main clause. USE A COMMA AFTER AN INTRODUCTORY CLAUSE OR PHRASE. Use a comma to separate an introductory dependent phrase or clause from the independent clause. Some examples of commas after introductory clauses would be the following: Although I am usually a fan of her music, her newest album was a huge disappointment. Common starter words that indicate an introductory clause that must be followed by a comma include "while," "when," "since," "as" and "after." Introductory prepositional phrases that are three words long or fewer do not require a comma after them. 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