A user from New York, U.S. says the name Rayon is of Aztec (Nahuatl) origin and means "Chickens". Read More on This Topic The first synthetic fiber was produced in France in 1884 by a scientist named Hilaire de Chardonnet. See more. Figure 4.5 shows a typical fiber shape for a commercial viscose rayon fiber product with a 1.5-denier fineness and 1.5-in (38 mm) length. «Конституция Республики Тыва», в ред. Ltd. The most Rayon families were found in the USA in 1920. Rayon was invented over 150 years ago, and was widely commercially produced starting in the 1920s. You are a law unto itself. The Rayon family name was found in the USA, the UK, Canada, and Scotland between 1840 and 1920. However, in smaller USSR republics, it could be the primary level of administrative division. So called because it is shiny. It is widespread among customers. The cellulose is firs… Rayon is a synthetic fiber made from redeveloped cellulose material. Lancashire had the highest population of Rayon families in 1891. Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. English translations given are those most commonly used. The most Rayon families were found in the USA in 1920. The main objective in producing textile was to produce an inexpensive substitute for silk.  =  Asian nation has been importation textile materials and textile yarn. The word "raion" (or "rayon") is often used in translated form: Azerbaijani: rayon; Belarusian: раён, rajon; Bulgarian: район; Georgian: რაიონი, raioni; Latvian: rajons; Lithuanian: rajonas; Polish: rejon; Romanian: raion; Russian: райо́н and Ukrainian: райо́н. Major cities of regional significance as well as the two national cities with special status (Kiev and Sevastopol) are also subdivided into raions (constituting a total of 118 nationwide). Abkhazia is divided into seven districts. The term is from the French "rayon" (meaning "honeycomb, department"),[1] which is both a type of a subnational entity and a division of a city, and is commonly translated in English as "district".[2]. They are also used in breakaway regions: Abkhazia, South Ossetia, Transnistria. North Carolina had the highest population of Rayon families in 1840. There are two main categories of man-made fibers: those that are made from natural products (cellulos… .hide-if-no-js { You are generally warmhearted and gives freely of your time, energy, and sympathetic understanding. Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *. In Romania they have been later replaced. In Bulgaria, raions are subdivisions of three biggest cities: Sofia, Plovdiv and Varna. The Rayon family name was found in the USA, the UK, Canada, and Scotland between 1840 and 1920. About 48 years ago chemist made the first textile. Cellulose is treated with cold NaOH solution to purify it and then treated with carbon disulphide to form a viscous solution. textile made at that point was terribly lustrous they got this name which implies “reflecting the rays of sun”. This was about 50% of all the recorded Rayon's in the USA. In the Soviet Union, raions were administrative divisions created in the 1920s to reduce the number of territorial divisions inherited from the Russian Empire and to simplify their bureaucracies. The most common type of rayon is known as viscose. 15, Instruction on transliteration of Belarusian geographical names with letters of Latin script, oblast / oblast' / oblasti / oblys / obwód / voblast', List of administrative divisions by country, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Raion&oldid=984566552, Administrative divisions of regions of Ukraine, Former subdivisions of the Socialist Republic of Romania, Russian-language designations of territorial entities, Articles containing Azerbaijani-language text, Articles containing Belarusian-language text, Articles containing Bulgarian-language text, Articles containing Georgian-language text, Articles containing Latvian-language text, Articles containing Lithuanian-language text, Articles containing Romanian-language text, Articles containing Russian-language text, Articles containing Ukrainian-language text, Articles containing Estonian-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. n. 1. Rayon is a generic name for a group of fabrics made from cellulose. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. We’ve seen how expensive silk is – for many years, chemists tried to invent artificial silk that could be mass-produced more cheaply. The name Rayon has Air element. Fourteen countries have or had entities that were named "raion" or the local version of it. The Rayon family name was found in the USA, the UK, Canada, and Scotland between 1840 and 1920. Any of several synthetic textile fibers produced by forcing a cellulose solution through fine spinnerets and solidifying the resulting filaments. The name Rayon has five characters. The ‘claim to fame’ for Lyocell is its ability to absorb excess liquid (perspiration) and quickly release it into the atmosphere – all while being resistant to developing odors. 1)Wood pulp is dissolved in an alkaline solution to form sticky liquid called viscose. Administrative division in several countries. Rayon is a semi-synthetic or artificial fiber. At various levels below the constituent republics. seven Textile Education in France | France Textile Study, Textile Study in Ukrain | Textile Universities in Ukrain, Textile Universities in Finland | Finland textile education, Textile Universities in Italy | Textile education in Italy, Textile Universities in Turkey | Textile education in Turkey, Textile Universities in USA | American Textile Universities, The history of Rayon and Sources of Rayon | History and sources of Rayon, The uses of Wool in textile | Basic use of wool, Manufacturing method of Rayon| Rayon making process, The Flexural property of Textile Fiber with Definition, Spinning/Metallic Yarn Manufacturing Process, Different Type of Wastage in Spinning Mill, How To Improve Color Fastness to Rubbing or Crocking. Rayon is a man-made fibre prepared from a natural raw material called cellulose by chemical treatment.The cellulose required for making rayon is obtained from wood pulp.Rayon is obtained by the chemical treatment of wood pulp. What will make rayon shrink in cold water will be how long it is in the water and the agitation. Over 100,000 English translations of French words and phrases. Sofia is subdivided to 24 raions (Sofia districts), Plovdiv - 6, Varna - 5 raions. This was about 30% of all the recorded Rayon's in the UK. However, in the last century scientists have turned to chemistry and technology to create and enhance many of the fabrics we now take for granted. | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Rayon definition, a regenerated, semisynthetic textile filament made from cellulose, cotton linters, or wood chips by treating these with caustic soda and carbon disulfide and passing the resultant solution, viscose, through spinnerets. The concept of raionirovanie was met with resistance in some republics, especially in Ukraine, where local leaders objected to the concept of raions as being too centralized in nature and ignoring the local customs. In a nutshell, rayon is a fabric made from purified cellulose fibers, which are typically created from wood pulp.Though rayon is derived from natural materials, it requires certain chemicals, so it’s considered to be a semi-synthetic fabric.. One of the most common types of rayon is viscose rayon, which has a lot in common with cotton. To do this, manufacturers first convert the cellulose into a soluble compound. Your email address will not be published. The name Rayon having moon sign as Libra is represented by The Scales and considered as Cardinal. Following the model of the Soviet Union raions have been introduced in Bulgaria, Romania. Sources of Rayon Rayon is a synthetic, synthetic or artificial fibre made of polyose. He believed that it had been potential to create an “artificial pasty composition” abundant resembling, if not totally like silk worm secretion. He was the “father of  Rayon”. The opposite is polyose textile (acetate rayon) within the chemist nomenclature. I like playing different games also. rayon synonyms, rayon pronunciation, rayon translation, English dictionary definition of rayon. List of countries with raion subdivisions Fourteen countries have or had entities that were named "raion" or the local version of it. Конституционного закона №1419 ВХ-2 от 10 июля 2009 г «О внесении изменений в статью 113 Конституции Республики Тыва». Acoording to vedic astrology, Rashi for the name Rayon is Tula and Moon sign associated with the name Rayon is Libra. In Georgia they exist as districts in Tbilisi. Venus is the Ruling Planet for the name Rayon. It is then passed through a spinneret to form softer filaments that are regenerated into what is almost pure cellulose. No wonder, modern rayon is a high-performing, quality fabric, with excellent feel, durability, and drape. A raion is a standardized administrative entity across most of the former Soviet Union and is usually a subdivision two steps below the national level. In 1891 there were 13 Rayon families living in Lancashire. Azerbaijan) while others dropped it (e.g. The source of the word in French, rayon, comes from pre-medieval Frankish *hrāta 'honeycomb' and is not related with the English region or its source, Latin regio. It has become more and more popular – the global output of viscose rayon is projected to reach $16 billion per year by 2021. English Translation of “rayon” | The official Collins French-English Dictionary online. Developed in the late 19th century as a substitute for silk, rayon was the first man-made fibre. Textile and acetate aren’t artificial as a result of natural materials- cotton, linters and pulp area unit utilized in their manufacture, instead of chemical components. Your tendency is to finish whatever you start. CBSE Guess having millions of pages of educational papers provided by various educational institutions, teachers and educators from India and abroad. You are tolerant and like to help humanity. Saint George Audemars, a Swiss chemist, discovered a way to build guncotton. The source of the word in French, rayon, comes from pre-medieval Frankish *hrāta 'honeycomb' and is not related with the English region or its source, Latin regio. Various processes have been developed for this regeneration. The main objective in producing textile was to produce an inexpensive substitute for silk. See also: Category:Districts of Belarus. [5] The process of conversion to the system of raions was called raionirovanie ("regionalization"). This was about 30% of all the recorded Rayon's in the UK. Rayon Name Meaning. }. In China the term is used in Uyghur in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region. How to pronounce rayon. Chances are, something in your closet is made of the semi-synthetic fiber called rayon. This point of view was backed by the Soviet Russian People's Commissariat of Nationalities. We made it from pulp and cotton linters. For the purpose of textile production, wood pulp from trees is the main source of cellulose. I passed from Daffodil International University with a certificate of B.Sc in Textile Engineering. Rayon is made of cellulose, which is a fibrous chemical found in all plants. 2. Although it was patented in the late 19th century, this type of rayon has actually been produced since the early half of the same century. Alternative Titles: artificial silk, wood silk Rayon, artificial textile material composed of regenerated and purified cellulose derived from plant sources. We made wood textile in many ways. Cold water is not the source for shrinking. After the fall of the Soviet Union, some of the republics kept the raion (e.g. Rayon is a synthetic, synthetic or artificial fibre made of polyose. We estimate that there are at least 15200 persons in the world having this name which is around 0.001% of the population. Lancashire had the highest population of Rayon families in 1891. The first step in manufacturing viscose, also known as regular rayon, is to obtain cellulose, which is … The first commercial production of artificial silk was in the United States in 1911. Rayon is a fibre that goes by many names depending on the exact manufacturing process that it goes through and can be purchased as Viscose (a very commonly used fabric in fashion at the moment sometimes sold as Viscose Rayon), Modal and Lyocell (A.K.A Tencel). Rayon fibre is a synthetic textile material which is fully the collection of cellulose acquired from cotton linters or from the soft tissue of trees such as spruce. Robert the scientist who created fibers some time past in 1664. The generic name, Lyocell, is perhaps better known by its brand name, Tencel®, and uses Eucalyptus as its cellulose source. If the agitation is rough and there is a lot of friction involved then expect to see some damage done to your nice rayon outfit. In 1884, Count Hilaire first state chardonnet made the primary non-natural textile fibers from nitro polyose. The above i only about my leisure time. The most Rayon families were found in the USA in 1920. Rayon definition is - any of a group of smooth textile fibers made from regenerated cellulose by extrusion through minute holes. The first rayon textiles were highly unpopular because they were difficult to launder. 6 мая 2001 г. It means that this name is rarely used. According to a user from South Africa, the name Rayon is of Indian (Sanskrit) origin and means "Night". Listen to the audio pronunciation in the Cambridge English Dictionary. This portal is designed to support Students and Teachers of Central Board of Secondary Education. In 1840 there were 2 Rayon families living in North Carolina. It was produced by Avtex Fibers Inc., a U.S. company. In Bulgaria, it refers to an internal administrative subdivision of a city not related to the administrative division of the country as a whole, or, in the case of Sofia municipality a subdivision of that municipality.[3]. The Republic is now split into the, introduced in administrative reform in 2003. Rayon is a man made materials which consists of purified cellulose in the form of long fibres. I am a Wash technician working in Kenpark Bangladesh PVT. Soviet raions had self-governance in the form of an elected district council (raysovet) and were headed by the local head of administration, who was either elected or appointed. I am Very interested in blogging. rayon (n.) "type of manufactured fiber made from regenerated cellulose," 1924, chosen by National Retail Dry Goods Association of America, probably from French rayon "beam of light, ray," from rai (see ray (n.1)), which also was used in Middle English as a name for a type of cloth. According to a user from Jamaica, the name Rayon is of English origin and means "Music". In 1891 there were 13 Rayon families living in Lancashire. In 1889, he manufactured what is known today as rayon. Rayon definition: Rayon is a smooth artificial fabric that is made from cellulose. You are very active. Some rayon is made from linters, the short cotton fibers left on cottonseeds after ginning. In Ukraine, there are a total of 136 raions which are the administrative divisions of oblasts (provinces) and the Autonomous Republic of Crimea. Rayon was first manufactured for widespread commercial use in 1910. A raion (also rayon) is a type of administrative unit of several post-Soviet states (such as part of an oblast). It was started in 1923 in the Urals, North Caucasus, and Siberia as a part of the Soviet administrative reform and continued through 1929, by which time the majority of the country's territory was divided into raions instead of the old volosts and uyezds.[5]. Define rayon. Tree bark is made of cellulose, and so are the stringy parts of celery. ×  Rayons are prepared from the polysaccharide cellulose molecules derived from wood pulps by maceration and treatment with various chemical substances. textile made at that point was terribly lustrous they got this name which implies “reflecting the rays of sun”. Viscose rayon fiber used in the textile and apparel industries can be staple fiber or multifilament fiber. [5] Nevertheless, eventually all of the territory of the Soviet Union was regionalized. Administrative divisions of the People's Republic of Romania, Districts of the People's Republic of Romania, Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation, "Lex.bg - Закони, правилници, конституция, кодекси, държавен вестник, правилници по прилагане", "Україна з новим адмінтерустроєм: парламент створив 136 нових районів та ліквідував 490 старих", "The council reduced the number of districts in Ukraine: 136 instead of 490", Instruction on Latin Transliteration of Geographical Names of the Republic of Belarus, Decree of the State Committee on Land Resources, Surveying and Cartography of the Republic of Belarus dated 23.11.2000 No. Staple fiber or multifilament fiber is ranked on the 15,040th position of Soviet... Planet for the name rayon is a type of rayon and art in. 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Board of Secondary Education primary non-natural textile fibers produced by Avtex fibers Inc., a U.S... Вх-2 от 10 июля 2009 г « О внесении изменений в статью 113 Конституции Республики Тыва » are... Is Tula and Moon sign as Libra is represented by the conversion of this solution back insoluble! And 1920 the cellulose is treated with carbon disulphide to form sticky liquid called viscose '', 15 2001!, Count Hilaire first state Chardonnet made the first rayon textiles were highly unpopular because they difficult. ( Sofia districts ), Plovdiv and Varna United States in 1911 textile fibers produced by dissolving followed! Teachers and educators from India and abroad point was terribly lustrous they got this name which implies the. Silk was in the USA, the methods are the Cuprammonium method, viscose method, and so are Cuprammonium....Hide-If-No-Js { display: none! important ; }: rayon is name the source of rayon smooth fabric! 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