Fresh vegetation, especially the leaves, stems, seed heads, and roots of grasses and sedges, is the main food of this species. Comm.). The upper incisors are longitudinally grooved.The upper parts are mixed black, gray, and yellowish brown, giving a grizzled cinnamon brown appearance. Some people confuse voles with moles and shrews. The southern bog lemming is active throughout the year. They are 13 cm (5.1 in) long with a 2 cm (0.79 in) tail and weigh about 35 g (1.2 oz). The bog lemming Synaptomys cooperi in southern New Jersey. southern bog lemming (n.). Southern bog lemmings can live over two years in captivity, but rarely live more than one year in the wild (Kurta 1995). generally considered well dispersed but uncommon within its restricted range. Notes: The Southern Bog Lemming could be the mouse you catch in your house. We found 10 dictionaries with English definitions that include the word southern bog lemming: Click on the first link on a line below to go directly to a page where "southern bog lemming" is defined. Raspberries, blueberries and other fruits, insects, fungi, and bark form a lesser part of the diet. The southern bog lemming is more closely related to the voles than to the true lemmings that inhabit higher latitudes. Pp 161-248. Summer nests are on the surface of the ground or in a clump of sedges or grasses, but winter nests are usually underground in an enlarged tunnel. This lemming is associated with bog, fen, marsh and wet meadow conditions throughout its range (Whitaker and Hamilton 1998). Shrews have long, pointed snouts and pointed front teeth. The size of this species is medium with a total length from 119-135 mm and a weight of 26-36 grams. The fur on the back ranges in color from a reddish to dark brown and has a grizzled appearance. They are active year-round, mainly at night. [2] They have relatively large heads and small eyes. relictus). Its range overlaps with the other species in genus Synaptomys, the northern bog lemming, in southeastern Canada, but extends further south. Grooved upper incisors and a relatively shorter tail, 17-21 mm (0.75 in), which is about the same size as the hind foot, distinguish this species from the other Adirondack voles. If a dead specimen is found, then a groove down the center of each incisor can be seen which helps distinguish this species. The average length of an adult is 118 mm (4.6 in). At birth, the pups are blind and without fur. The northern bog lemming is a small rodent related to gerbils and hamsters, two common house pets. The belly is silver-gray. Lemming populations go through a 3- or 4-year cycle of boom and bust. The two species of bog lemmings are so similar in appearance that they can only be separated by number of mammae and tooth structure (female S. borealis have 8 mammae; female S. cooperi have 6). The Southern Bog Lemming prefers boggy habitat and can be common in marshes, meadows and upland forests with a thick humus layer (Linzey 1981). 1. of low bogs and meadows of northeastern and central United States and southern Canada The lemmings spend the winter searching for bulbs and shoots that are often buried beneath the snow. DESCRIPTION: The Southern Bog Lemming is a small, chunky rodent with small eyes and ears that are nearly concealed in the long, loose, shaggy fur. Newcomb is the yearround home to three major centers of study and public education: ESF The southern bog lemming (Synaptomys cooperi) is a small North American lemming. He will NOT poop in it! Southern bog lemmings are found in eastern North America, from southern Quebec and Manitoba in Canada to western Minnesota, to southwestern Kansas, and east to the Atlantic coast of the United States. [citation needed], Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Taxonomic status and biogeography of the southern bog lemming, synaptomys cooperi, on the central great plains", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Southern_bog_lemming&oldid=987130359, Fauna of the Great Lakes region (North America), Fauna of the Plains-Midwest (United States), Articles needing additional references from February 2010, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 5 November 2020, at 02:58. Southern bog lemmings have four toes and one small, nailed thumb on the forefeet and five toes on the hind feet. Southern Bog Lemmings have grooves down their front teeth that the voles lack and have shorter tails 3/4 to … Two species of bog lemmings, the northern and southern (S. cooperi), live in Maine. Its range overlaps with the other species in genus Synaptomys, the northern bog lemming, in southeastern Canada, but extends further south. 1959. 500. They also make squeaking vocalizations. They open their eyes at about 12 days of age. In Canadian parts of its range, S. cooperi can be found in deciduous and coniferous forests. The northern bog lemming ranges across much of boreal North America from the southern two-thirds of Alaska south into northern Washington and east across Canada to the Atlantic coast. The young are born in a nest in a burrow or concealed in vegetation. Predators: The raccoon, coyote, red fox, ermine, long-tailed weasel, hawks, and owls are some of the predators of the southern bog lemming. You can now reach the directory through your Faculty/Staff or MyESF student portal. The gestation period is 21-23 days. The ears barely show through puffy head fur. Its tail is about as long as the hind foot. They do not hibernate, and live in groups of a few to several dozen individuals. Noun 1. southern bog lemming - of low bogs and meadows of northeastern and central United States and southern Canada Synaptomys cooperi lemming - any of... Southern bog lemming - definition of southern bog … Define southern bog lemming. In contradiction to the common name “bog lemming”, Synaptomys cooperi found in the Great Lakes region occupy mostly grassy meadows. The potential life span is 2.4 years, but it is unlikely few individuals survive this long in the wild. Their upper incisors are grooved. In Minn… The northern part of the Adirondack Park is on the extreme southern boundary of the range of the northern bog lemming, but is probably more widespread in this area than the few records suggest. Southern bog lemmings have many predators, including owls, hawks, red foxes, gray foxes, domestic dogs, badgers, weasels, snakes, bobcats, and house cats. Southern Bog Lemmings are colonial and inhabit communities of thick matted ground cover with high overhead vegetation in both forest and grassland, but are not restricted to bogs. In Canadian parts of its range, S. cooperi can be found in deciduous and coniferous forests. Southern bog lemmings can live over two years in captivity, but rarely live more than one year in the wild (Kurta 1995). The range of these animals is thought to be declining in some areas due to loss of wetland habitat. These animals are often found in small colonies. Their dor­sal pelage ranges in color from a chest­nut to dark brown and has a griz­zled ap­pear­ance. Sometimes it uses tunnels made by other animals. Weight varies from 21-33 g (0.7-1.2 oz). By the end of their first week, young are well furred. Unlike the southern bog lemming, the northern species has rusty-tipped fur at the base of the ears. Their in­cisors are broad and lon­gi­tu­di­nally grooved. Family: Cricetidae. From here, they move out into upland grasslands and other surrounding communities. The ESF Employee Directory was moved to improve information security for campus contact information. Although there are several older records of the northern bog lemming, the only recent verified one is of a specimen taken near Whiteface Mountain (James Lackey, pers. This species is more common in deciduous and mixed coniferous –deciduous forests. Despite its extensive distribution, the northern bog lemming is unpredictable in occurrence and nowhere is it considered common (Banfield 1974). It breeds year round and says goodbye to their young in just 60 days. Bog lemmings sever grass and sedge stems in 2.5-7.5 cm (1-3 in) sections and cache them in underground chambers. The Southern Bog Lemming travels in tunnels that are only 6 inches under the ground. Individuals are most active during the night, but may move about during the day, too. Southern Bog Lemming, taken at Animal Humane under controlled conditions – kaufen Sie dieses Foto und finden Sie ähnliche Bilder auf Adobe Stock Does the Muskrat poop in the lodge? Ecology. They are very similar in appear- ance and are difficult to distinguish. What are synonyms for southern bog lemming? Females have six teats, which distinguishes this species from its closest relative, northern bog lemmings, which have eight. At birth the newborns are hairless, mainly pink, their eyes closed, and each weighs about 3.9 g (0.14 oz). Southern bog lemmings are small voles, weighing 20 to 50 g (average 35 g) and measuring 110 to 140 mm in total length. 1983. It grows to an average length of 4 inches and an average weight of just over an ounce. They cache grasses and sedge stems in underground chambers. What is NO! 315-470-6500 (The droppings of other small mammals are black or brown, and other voles also cut green vegetation, they do not gather and transport this material in the large quantities typical of bog lemmings). 1957. The ven­tral side is sil­ver-gray. The mountain race is localized and uncommon in North Carolina. Two subspecies have become extinct: Kansas bog lemming (S. c. paludis), and Nebraska bog lemming (S. c. Activity and Movement: This species travels and forages on the surface of the ground and in tunnels which may extend to depths of 30 cm (12 in). лемминговая мышь Купера (Synaptomys cooperi) * * * лемминговая мышь Купера Lemmings are legendary for their population fluctuations leading to alterations in their predator-prey relationships. Synaptomys cooperi. [5] Female lemmings have two or three litters of four to six young in a year. The long, shaggy fur is chestnut to brown on the upper parts of the body; silvery gray on the lower parts, and only slightly paler than the sides. It will cache food for later consumption. These animals are found in mixed forests, wetlands, and grasslands.[4]. Southern Bog Lemmings are colonial and inhabit communities of thick matted ground cover with high overhead vegetation in both forest and grassland, but are not restricted to bogs. This species is more common in deciduous and mixed coniferous–deciduous forests. Food and Feeding Behavior:  The bright green droppings, bunches of leaf blades, and piles of cut stems that litter the bog lemming’s runways offer clues to the presence and diet of this small rodent. Bog lemmings have a groove along the outer edge of each incisor, which similar-looking species of voles do not have. It also inhabits wetter and drier sites when meadow voles are scarce or absent. Although in some parts of the range the southern bog lemming actually lives in bogs, in the Adirondacks where it is known from an elevational range of 244-1341 m (800-4400 ft), this small mammal is more common in deciduous and mixed coniferous- deciduous forests. Buckner, C.H. 1 Forestry Drive 1 synonym for southern bog lemming: Synaptomys cooperi. Other methods of communication include acoustic, chemical, visual, and tactile.[5]. Ecology: In contradiction to the common name “bog lemming”, Synaptomys cooperi found in the Great Lakes region occupy mostly grassy meadows. Tooth structures must be examined under magnification to confirm identification of the two species. Moles, however, have greatly enlarged front feet with prominent digging claws. Southern bog lemmings are found in eastern North America, from southern Quebec and Manitoba in Canada to western Minnesota, to southwestern Kansas, and east to the Atlantic Coast of the United States. The head is relatively large, the eyes small, and the ears barely show. Southern bog lemming - WikiMili, The Free Encyclopedia - WikiMili, The Free Enc Raspberries, blueberries, and other fruits, insects, fungi, and bark form a lesser part of the diet. Grooved upper incisors and a relatively shorter tail, 17-21 mm (0.75 in), which is about the same size as the hind foot, distinguish this species from the other Adirondack voles. The grassy openings and edges of these forests, especially where sedges, ferns, and shrubs grow and when the soil is loose and crumbly, are habitats the bog lemming prefers. They are weaned at 3 weeks. Their eyes open at 10-11 days, and they are weaned at 21 days. 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The shallow-grooved upper incisors and a relatively shorter tail distinguish this species from other rodents. Mammalian species, 210:1-5. It is an herbivore adapted to eating coarse vegetation, grasses, sedges, mushrooms, berries and occasionally insects. Females bear multiple litters of 1-8 (average 3) young. 500. Publication of the Museum of Michigan State University Biology Service. Also, female northern bog lemmings have eight mammae (milk-secreting organ of females), while southern bog lemmings only have six. Two species of bog lemmings occur in the Adirondacks. Southern Bog Lemming Southern Bog Lemmings are found throughout Connecticut, but are elusive and rarely seen. Age at first breeding is unknown. The extremely short tail, boggy habitat, and diurnal behavior lead me to believe that this may be a Southern Bog Lemming. People Search (Faculty, Staff, Grad Students). La musaraigne pygmée et le campagnol- lemming de Cooper sont des espèces susceptibles d'être désignées menacées ou vulnérables au Québec. They make runways through the surface vegetation and also dig burrows. The southern bog lemming is more closely related to the voles than to the true lemmings that inhabit higher latitudes. [6], Southern bog lemmings are thought to communicate using scent marking. Antonyms for southern bog lemming. The southern bog lemming (Synaptomys cooperi) is a small North American lemming. They are very small with a short tail and small eyes. Their color ranges from browns, but typically they will be a chestnut or darker brown. The belly is silver-gray. Description: This brown species is similar to the voles in Ohio, but only the velvety furred Woodland Vole has such a short tail. The southern bog lemming creates a maze of interconnecting tunnels and runways and builds nests from plant fibers. In the conterminous United States, it is found near the Canadian border in Washington, Idaho, Montana, North Dakota, Minnesota, New Hampshire, and Maine. Übersetzung Deutsch-Polnisch für southern Bóg Lemming im PONS Online-Wörterbuch nachschlagen! TRUE OR FALSE Beaver's eat wood. The feet are brownish … They also have claws at birth. It also inhabits wetter or drier sites when meadow voles are scarce or absent. The Muskrat keeps his lodge clean! Male southern bog lemmings reach sexual maturity in 5 weeks. Most live less than a year. Southern bog lemmings are covered with thick, brownish fur on their backs that ranges in color from reddish to dark brown and have a grizzled appearance. Southern Bog Lemmings feed on the tender succulent parts of herbaceous plants and will occasionally eat mosses, fungi, bark, roots and some invertebrates (Linzey 1983). South­ern bog lem­mings are small voles, weigh­ing 20 to 50 g (av­er­age 35 g) and mea­sur­ing 110 to 140 mm in total length. [3] They have a large head, short legs, and a short tail which is lighter underneath. They look a great deal like a meadow vole with brown fur and a stocky body. Southern Bog Lemming The Southern Bog Lemming is the only lemming which occurs in Tennessee, and it is found state-wide. The shallow tunnels it makes appear as small ridges, and resemble mole runs. Privacy Policy | Information | Webmaster, A campus of the State University of New York Gratis Vokabeltrainer, Verbtabellen, Aussprachefunktion. Range and Habitat: The southern bog lemming is resident of a large part of eastern North America, and its range extends from southeastern Manitoba to southwestern Kansas, east to the Atlantic. Most individuals breed before they reach their maximum size. Lemmings do not hibernate and instead endure the tough Arctic winters, with the lemming having special protection from the cold from its thick fur. Gratis Vokabeltrainer, Verbtabellen, Aussprachefunktion. lemming de Cooper The pygmy shrew and the southern bog lemming are species likely to be designated as threatened or vulnerable in Quebec. The genus Synaptomys comprises two extant species and 10 extinct species. Connor, P.F. Reproduction: Breeding may occur during any month of the year, but at this latitude is unlikely during the winter. The underside is grayish white or grayish cream. Journal of Mammalogy, 38:132. Similar species: The southern bog lemming (Synaptomys cooperi), found nearly statewide, has a groove running down the outer edge of each upper incisor tooth. Order: Rodentia Vegetation surrounding springs, damp to wet grasslands, and marshes are their favored habitat. Linzey, A.V. Fresh vegetation, especially the leaves, stems, seeds heads, and roots of grasses and sedges is the main food of this species. Wherever the bog lemming lives, it creates a maze of interconnecting tunnels and runways 2.5-5 cm (1-2 in) wide, and builds nests 15-20 cm (6-8 in) in diameter from plant fibers. Summer nests are on the surface of the ground or in a clump of sedges or grasses but winter nests are usually underground in an enlarged tunnel. The life history of the northern bog lemming is similar to the account that follows, and is not treated separately. The gestation period is 21–23 days. southern bog lemming (Synaptomys cooperi helaletes) Characteristics. Übersetzung Deutsch-Polnisch für southern bog Lemming im PONS Online-Wörterbuch nachschlagen! Synonyms for southern bog lemming in Free Thesaurus. Its range overlaps with the other species in genus Synaptomys, the northern bog lemming, in southeastern Canada, but extends further south. southern bog lemming synonyms, southern bog lemming pronunciation, southern bog lemming translation, English dictionary definition of southern bog lemming. 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