The abolition of the British slave trade in 1807 did not mean that people of African origin no longer came to the island. Columbus’s initial intention was to get to the East Indies by traveling west and thereby proving his theory that the world was circular, he however landed in the Caribbean. However, from 1595, pirates, buccaneers, and English privateers began to attack the island with some frequency, in order to challenge the papal bull, which stated that all territories of the new world belonged to the kingdoms of Castile and Portugal. In fact during the apprenticeship period (1834-1838) and in 1839, a number of persons of African descent came to Jamaica as free labourers. The first Africans to arrive came in 1513 from the Iberian Peninsula after having been taken from West Africa by the Spanish and the Portuguese. The Spanish settlement in Jamaica was a settlement that originated from the 16th century, when Jamaica was Spanish, ending essentially in 1670, the date on which Spain delivered the island to the British Crown under the Treaty of Madrid. In a brief account by Bartholomew de Las Casas in, Drawing depicting the destruction of the Tainos by the Spanish, including attacks by dogs, as shown in the upper left hand corner of the drawing. Already in 1510, an agreement had been signed with the Jews, shortly after the son of Christopher Columbus was established on the island. The second period of our history extends from.the destruction of Port Royal to the abolition of the slave trade in 1807. The Arawak were there to greet Christopher Columbus when he arrived in Jamaica in 1494, beginning a long period of European colonization there. It is the evidence of the migration route said above. Jamaica History Timeline 600-1000 AD: Arawak Indians arrived in Jamaica from South America 1494: Columbus made his first visit to Jamaica 1503-1504: A shipwreck strands Columbus on the island’s north coast during the explorer’s fourth expedition. The Spaniards who came were baptised Roman Catholics. The Arawak were there to greet Christopher Columbus when he arrived in Jamaica in 1494, beginning a long period of European colonization there. Cundall, Frank and Joseph Pietersz. Some of its members formed themselves into the semi-official St Andrew Rifle Corps and when war came to the world in 1914 its members were re-embodied as the Kingston Infantry Volunteers. This was indeed one of the most horrific incidents of complete genocide in world history. In part, this is due to geography. The arrival of Christopher Columbus in the northern Caribbean with three Spanish ships in October 1492 marked the beginning of continuing European contact with the Americas. After Christopher Columbus tried to reach Asia in 1492 by sailing west of Africa, the Old World’s view of the planet changed. The Spaniards cam to Jamaica in 1494. Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Spanish_settlement_in_Jamaica&oldid=991809762, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 22:56. The towns that were established by the Spaniards developed into little more than settlements. In … Soon Jewish settlers came to Jamaica, followed by migrant traders from the Middle East. It is surrounded by coastal plains, with sandy beaches and many natural bays. The first town was called New Seville or Sevilla la Nueva. They were never exposed to the European disease such as smallpox and constant attack from the … In 1645 the British captured Jamaica from the Spaniards, whose former slaves refused to surrender, took to the mountains and repelled all attempts to subjugate them. Spanish settlements flourished until the 1600s, During the 1650s the Spanish lost Jamaica to the British, who established large and lucrative sugar plantations. These people came to be known as Maroons (from the Spanish cimarron, meaning ‘wild’, a word applied to escaped slaves). However, many of the Spaniards’ escaped slaves had formed communities in the highlands, and increasing numbers also escaped from British plantations. Here's a look at the major ethnic groups which arrived in Jamaica: Tainos - came from South America around 600 AD.Very few descendants of Tainos remain on the island. In the 18th century, Ashkenazi Jews began arriving from England and Germany, joining the Sephardi Jews who had begun to arrive a century earlier. In addition, stories recount that many Lebanese/Syrians first heard of Jamaica as a result of the Great Exhibition of 1891. The Spanish, in response to their failures, decided to utilize the land to amass wealth using the indigenous people as forced labourers. There he was greeted by the Tainos, who treated them as kings presenting them with peace offerings of cassava, fruit and fish not knowing that this initial interaction would be the advent of years of torture and mistreatment that would decimate their population so rapidly that would lead to their eventual demise. Aarons 1983, p. 39). Key facts. These Africans were freed by the Spanish when the English captured the island in 1655. As of 1993, Spain had 300,000 Muslims, 250,000 Protestants, and 15,000 Jews. However, with the hopes of great fortune in mind Columbus and his crew set sail for the island of Jamaica on the afternoon of May 3, 1494 and arrived on the island on the 5th. The first inhabitants of Jamaica probably came from islands to the east in two waves of migration. In the early 20th century, some Jews came to Jamaica after the breakup of the Ottoman Empire. Approximately 81,500 Indians live in Jamaica today, maintaining their own cultural organizations and roots but assimilated into the wider community. After the British took Jamaica, the Jews of the colony, many of whom were from Spain and Portugal, decided that the best defense to try to prevent the recovery of the island from Spain was encouraged to make the colony a base for pirates of the Caribbean. The origin of European ethnicity in Jamaica began with the arrival of the Spanish in1494, when Christopher Columbus, in his geographical explorations made claim of the island on landing in St. Anns Bay, which later became the central location of the Spaniards. 1498 Spanish discovery of Trinidad, Tobago, Grenada, Margarita Island. The population of English settlers remained small, but they brought in vast numbers of African slaves to work the sugar estates. Spaniards, like the Catholics in other countries, believe strongly in divine help from the saints and especially from the Virgin Mary. All this increased the Hispanic community on the island. This is how the Spanish occupation of Jamaica began.Columbus himself shipwrecked off the north coast for twelve months between 1508 and 1509, a stretch of coastline whose beauty he had praised so highly only two years before. Office: 58a Half Way Tree Road, Kingston 10 Jamaica, W.I. Samuel Sharpe, a self educated slave, was born in Jamaica in 1801. Second, the question asks why the Spaniards, rather than some other country, came to the Caribbean. As early as 1510, the first governor of Jamaica, Juan de Esquivel, was appointed and the island was incorporated into the Viceroyalty of New Spain. (Source: G.A. Jamaica is celebrating 50 years of political Independence this year. Jamaica's first inhabitants, the Tainos (also called the Arawaks), were a peaceful people believed to be from South America. They came in search of gold. The Arawaks, were the indigenous people who lived in Jamaica prior to Columbus’s arrival. They didn't like Cuba and so came across to Jamaica. When did they come? On May 5, 1494 Christopher Columbus, the European explorer, who sailed west to get to the East Indies and came upon the region now called the West Indies, landed in Jamaica. A 1967 law guarantees freedom of religion. Jamaica: Jamaica is an island nation in the Caribbean Sea. Its close neighbours are Haiti, to the east, and Cuba, to the north. They were not accustom to hard labour and were force to work by the Spaniards. By the encomienda system, Spanish settlers were awarded a number of the indigenous people who would work for them. Fifteen years after their discovery of the island, the first Spanish colonists came to Jamaica under the Spanish governor Juan de Esquivel in 1509 and first settled in the St. Ann's Bay area. The peaceful and idyllic life of the Tainos was disintegrated when the Europeans came to Jamaica in the last decade of the 15 th century. The Spaniards cam to Jamaica in 1494. Well, a bit from Spain, and a lot from everywhere. According to JG Bruton, apart from Santiago de la Vega, other places named by the Spaniards during this time, and extending across the island are eight rivers (also known as Robert Wallace Thompson, Las Chorreras by Spanish coloniales5) Rio Bueno, Santa Cruz, 6 Miño7 River and Port Antonio (also known as Thompson, during the Spanish era, Puerto Antón5) .6 Also, the name of Montego Bay, the capital of St. James Parish, could lead according Bruton, the Spanish name Bay butter, referring to the large number of pigs used there in the industry butter, 12 and the people Oracabessa derived surely the Spanish word Cabeza de Oro with which would be designated the people during the Spanish domination of all, due to the existence of a nearby hill to the region, whose summit is covered, at certain times of the year, yellow flowers. The year 2012 marks 500 years of consistent Christianity in Jamaica and the Roman Catholic Church will commemorate this milestone. In 1831, Jamaica experienced what is considered one of the largest, longest and most influential slave rebellions of the three emancipation era revolts in the British Caribbean. Failing to encounter the wealthy trading societies that … And when the cro-magnon from africa came, possibly, they mixed. The arrival of Spaniards in Jamaica began in 1494, with the arrival of Christopher Columbus to the island in search of gold (as in Cuba and the Spanish, where he had reported the existence of the island, calling it Xaymaca, intending to say, in the indigenous language, "place of gold blessed"), but then discovered that there was no gold on the island. Meanwhile, in 1660, was named the first British governor of Jamaica, Edward D'Oyley. In May 1655, around 7,000 English soldiers landed near Jamaica's capital, named Spanish Town and soon overwhelmed the small number of Spanish troops (at the time, Jamaica's entire population only numbered around … Tel: 1 (876) 926-3590-4 1 (876) 926-3740-6. A TIMELINE OF JAMAICA. Finally, they wanted to bring Christianity to people who did not know God. These people came to be known as Maroons (from the Spanish cimarron, meaning ‘wild’, a word applied to escaped slaves). Although they arrived in Jamaica in 1494, it was not until 1509 that Juan de Esquivel arrived from Santa Domingo and established settlements. History Facts. Christopher Columbus first explored Jamaica in 1494 when it was inhabited by the Arawak Indians, and named it St Iago. The treatment of the Tainos were appalling, they were often overworked and underfed. Although they arrived in Jamaica in 1494, it was not until 1509 that Juan de Esquivel arrived from Santa Domingo and established settlements. The words “hurricane”, “tobacco” and “barbecue” were also derived from their language. In part, this is … They were servants, cowboys, herders of cattle, pigs and horses, as well as hunters. At the start of World War II in 1939 these part-time soldiers were renamed, this time as the Jamaica … However, there were never significant Spanish communities on the island, which was why it easily occupied by the British. All together these groups created the diverse people of Jamaica today, to which we owe the national motto “Out of Many, One People’. Spanish Jamaica Shipwreck, hunger, thirst, and bloodshed. Jamaica was first colonized by a native group of South American origin who, in the early history of Jamaica, called their home a paradise of wood and water. 1494 Tainos Came to the Caribbean and found Jamaica and other islands. With pirates installed in Puerto Real, the Spanish would be deterred from attacking. Question: When did the Spanish come to America? However, this was not the reality, in effect the native population was subjugated to years of enslavement. The Spanish introduced many crops Jamaica as sugar cane, bananas and citrus fruits. Thus, a group of Spanish soldiers came to Jamaica, who settled in the already Santiago de la Vega, reinforcing this Spanish community in the capital of the island, to exert greater resistance to British occupation. The Jewish community in Jamaica, mainly composed of merchants and traders, were forced to lead a secret life, calling themselves "Portugals". Every city or town also celebrates the feast day of its patron saint with processions, dancing, and bullfights. In 1645 the British captured Jamaica from the Spaniards, whose former slaves refused to surrender, took to the mountains and repelled all attempts to subjugate them. In 1655 a British expedition under Admiral Sir William Penn and General Robert Venables captured Jamaica and began expelling the Spanish, a task that was accomplished within five years. British leaders agreed on the feasibility of this strategy to prevent aggression was abroad. Columbus named the island as Santiago and used it as a mini-state for his family. They came in search of gold. The Spanish arrived in 1492 and with the short time span of 150 years not one Spaniard was left. 800 AD A people called the Arawaks lived in Jamaica. Jamaica: Jamaica is an island nation in the Caribbean Sea. At the time, that region of the Middle East contained people from an area known as Mount Lebanon which was then part of Syria, hence the common confusion between the terms Syrian … Drawing depicting the destruction of the Tainos by the Spanish, including attacks by dogs, as shown in the upper left hand corner of the drawing. Kingston: Heinemann Educational Books (Caribbean) Limited and Gleaner Company Limited, 1983. The demise of the Arawak Indians came shortly after Christopher Columbus landed in Jamaica from Spain 1494. Facebook Twitter. Early Jamaica. 1534 The Spanish move to Villa de la Vega. File Containing Historical Notes on the Lebanese. Christopher Columbus seeking permission from the King and Queen of Spain. Dominated the Spanish colony by the British, the fear of loss of the island official from Spain meant that, in 1659, the political and noble Spanish Juan Francisco de Leiva, began to develop means to expel foreigners on the island, proposed sending a "dispatched armed Peninsula, full of people who should be working and enjoyment such as the Canary". 1494 Christopher Columbus lands in Jamaica. In 1700, there were more Jews in Spanish Town than in all of North America, and by 1730, Jews represented 12 percent of the white population of Jamaica. How The Indians Came to Jamaica . Their arrival bought about the introduction of the Roman Catholic faith to the Caribbean and … It begins in 1494 with the arrival of Christopher Columbus , the first European known to have set foot on the island and covers the period of Spanish colonization up to 1655. Jamaica Under the Spaniards. Senior, Olive. With the genocide of the indigenous population and the absence of any gold or jewels on the island the Spanish rendered the island as useless. Jamaica - Jamaica - People: Spanish colonists had virtually exterminated the aboriginal Taino people by the time the English invaded the island in 1655. When: Sugar and slavery both introduced by Spaniards in the 16th century, abolished in 19th century Key Facts: Mass battle of freedom from the Cameroons & other African slaves History today: Sugar is still the biggest export in Jamaica Early Jamaica. The Spanish also came without women and as of such, often the Taino women were raped by the settlers. In Jamaica at the time, slaves far outnumbered their white counterparts by twelve to one (12-1). 1) Jamaica, Cayman Islands 2) Leeward Islands (St. Kitts Nevis, Montserrat, Antigua, Virgin Islands) 3) Windward Islands (St Lucia, St Vincent, Barbados, Grenada) 4) Trinidad and Tobago The following sections of the Caribbean periphery were settled to varying degrees by the British as of the 17th century. The settlers, as they used to do in the colonies in which they settled, took crops (such as sugar cane and banana) and pets (including dogs, cats, and horses), to Jamaica. The most common ones are the indigenous Xanthosoma plant, taro or dasheen leaves and amaranth, which we use here in Jamaica. For its part, the names of other places, according to the author, are a translation of the names by which the Spaniards called it: Thus Bay Dry Harbour (Puerto Seco) was a place where he entered Colón for water when he sought refuge with two caravels already in bad shape and partially destroyed. 12582. when did the Spaniards come to Jamaica ? In 1505 Juan de Guzman, Duke of Medina Sidonia in agreement with Columbus proposed a project to populate the island but Ferdinand turned it down because he worried that the cumulative power nobiliary house. SHARES. Eventually, the Spanish founded other settlements elsewhere across the island (such as Las Chorreras or Eight rivers, and Santa Cruz), but that city was chosen as the capital of Jamaica. In 1641, Ireland’s population was 1,466,000 and in 1652, 616,000. When the Spanish (in the form of Columbus's expedition) came to the Caribbean in the late 15th century, they were coming for "gold, God, and glory." Up until the early 1690s Jamaica's population was relatively equally mixed between white and black. Email: Send us your query With his second voyage of 1493 permanent European occupation of the Caribbean began, with enormous consequences for the peoples and ecology of the region. According to Marian BeWolf, the potteries discovered in Little River of Jamaica were similar to that of Cuevas Ostinones of Puerto Rico (Howard, 1965, p. 250). Columbus himself shipwrecked off the north coast for twelve months between 1508 and 1509, a stretch of coastline whose beauty he had praised so highly only two years before. Using superior weapon power the Europeans overwhelmed the ‘good and noble ones’, who, the history books say, did not put up much resistance. The overriding ambition of the explorers was to accumulate a vast quantity of wealth at any cost, and then having fulfilled their dream, to return to Spain and live a life of luxury. Shipwreck, hunger, thirst, and bloodshed. This occurred on his second voyage to the West Indies. They were servants, cowboys, herders of cattle, pigs and horses, as well as hunters. In addition, he and his sailors founded some settlements, such as Santa Gloria (now St. Ann's Bay), named by Columbus, as it was the first that was sighted when they came to Jamaica. Although Jamaica was discovered in 1494, the first set of Spanish settlers came to Jamaica in 1509. The Spaniards, led by Christopher Columbus and his crew, had set out from Spain on their second voyage to the New World, when they found the shores of this beautiful island they named Jamaica. 1510 The first Spanish settlers arrive in Jamaica. Jamaica is a large island in the Caribbean Sea. Other national holidays include St. Joseph's Day (March 19), the Day of St. Peter and St. Paul (June 29), St. James's Day (July 25), and a National Day on October 12. Between 1509 and 1655, it was a Spanish Colony, with its capital at Villa de la Vega. Create your own unique website with customizable templates. The first Africans arrived in Jamaica in 1513 as servants to the Spanish settlers. But it was not occupied until Juan de Esquivel came from Santo Domingo in 1509. and for 146 years Jamaica remained a Spanish colony. 1493 Spanish discovery of Dominica, Guadeloupe, Montserrat, Antigua, Saint Martin, Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico, Jamaica. Columbus named the island Santiago and used it as a mini-state for his family. Lebanese, like the Jews who had come centuries before, arrived in Jamaica by their own free will towards the end of the nineteenth century. The Spaniards, led by Christopher Columbus and his crew, had set out from Spain on their second voyage to the New World, when they found the shores of this beautiful island they named Jamaica. For treatments of the island in its regional context, see West Indies and history of Latin America. Runaway Bay (Bay Escape), meanwhile, is a bay from which fled in 1665, the Spanish governor of the island, Ysassi, bound for Cuba. January 12, 2020 January 12, 2020 Guest Author . But very little is known about the days when the Spaniards were masters of Jamaica. Many Tainos were also brutally murdered as sport which shows the extreme cruelty of the Spanish. They were stone age farmers. They left behind Jamaican-born Spanish and mixed race offspring when the British gained control of the island in the mid 17th century. St. James Taken up, at Pleasant Valley Plantation a Negro man, of the Congo country, says his name is DOUGLAS, that he came from an island near the Guinea Coast, and was taken by the Spaniards near St. Kitts in the war.” Religion/Music “1 June 1790 Royal Gazette […] East in two waves of migration numbers of African slaves to work by the settlers ) and the islands... But they brought in vast numbers of African slaves to work the estates! 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