Porcupine habitats range from deserts, forests and grasslands. They are active year-round and are mostly nocturnal, but may be seen out in daylight. How Do the Honey Bears Live in the Amazon Rainforest? Porcupines weigh 8 to 30 lbs. Primary habitats include forests, deserts, and grasslands. Where do porcupines live? Well, porcupines could live anywhere where the weather isn't cold. These New World porcupines usually weigh between 12 and 35 pounds, with full body lengths of between 25 and 36 inches. The North American porcupine is a good swimmer, its hollow quills help keep it afloat. Many animals come away from a porcupine encounter with quills protruding from their own snouts or bodies. The new world porcupines are mainly found in North America and some parts of northern South America. Tourists on safari in Kruger National Park in South Africa captured footage of the big cat facing the quilled defenses of its prey. Some even have prehensile (gripping) tails to aid in climbing. Although the species of porcupine found in North America always lives among trees, it does not always live in mature forests and may be found in alder thickets along rivers and in dwarfed pine scrub along ridge crests. The porcupines have a small range of habitats across the world. Porcupines cannot shoot them at predators as once thought, but the quills do detach easily when touched. North American porcupines also eat fruit, leaves, and springtime buds. Porcupines occupy a wide range of habitats in tropical and temperate parts of Asia, Italy, Africa, and North and South America. It is most common where there are rocky ledges and rock piles suitable for dens and stands of aspen, hemlock, and other trees. Range: The porcupine occurs in North America in a wide range. The porcupine is the second largest rodent in North America, second only to the beaver. WATCH: Leopard vs. Porcupine—A Prickly Standoff, https://www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/group/porcupines.html. The North American porcupine is a solitary animal, although it may den with other porcupines in the winter. They spend a lot of time in the tops of trees. For example, porcupines that reside in the northeast usually spend most of their time in trees. They inhabit most of Alaska and Canada, the northern part of the Great Lakes region as well as the west and northeast regions of the United States. Porcupines live in many parts of North America, Africa, and South America. Be Her Village. They make a wide variety of sounds from whimpers to screams. As it is mentioned earlier, the New World porcupines live in trees. Porcupines can also be found living in rock crevices, hollow logs and small caves. Porcupine attains its greatest abundance in mixed coniferous and hardwood forests. They are divided into two families, old World porcupines, and new world porcupines. Porcupines average 13 to 20 pounds. Geographic Range. In California, porcupines are most common in montane conifer and wet meadow habitats, and can be found in the Coast Ranges, Klamath Mountains, southern Cascades, Modoc Plateau, Sierra Nevada, and Transverse Ranges. Geography of the North American Porcupine. They mostly live in tropical and temperate parts of Asia, Africa, Southern Europe, and North and South America. Porcupines grow new quills to replace the ones they lose. The “Old World” porcupines live mainly in southern Europe, Asia, and Africa. All porcupines look very similar. They are an enormous family of creatures, and although the Old World porcupines, and New World porcupines, are all from the same branch of the rodent family, they are actually not closely related. In the lands of North America and Canada there is only one species of porcupine – North America. The porcupine is found in Wisconsin, Michigan, Pennsylvania, New York, and New England. Equipped with a coat of long quills, porcupines are very distinctive in appearance. Alaska is also home to a sizable North American porcupine population. Shape The World. Quills have sharp tips and overlapping scales or barbs that make them difficult to remove once they are stuck in another animal's skin. They inhabit the rugged mountains of northcentral Pennsylvania, the timbered land in the northwest and northeast corners, and the wooded sections of the ridge-and-valley region. In the United States, they roam throughout both western and northern regions. What Does a Harris's Antelope Squirrel Eat? Other porcupine species live in Africa, Europe, and Asia. North American porcupines use their large front teeth to satisfy a healthy appetite for wood. They rarely kill trees. These animals usually live on the ground and can inhabit deserts, grasslands, and forests. Where do porcupines live? In the cold winter months, North American porcupines typically hide away in dens -- preferably amidst rocks, but also occasionally up in trees. The porcupine is the prickliest of rodents, though its Latin name means “quill pig.” There are more than two dozen porcupine species, and all boast a coat of needle-like quills to give predators a sharp reminder that this animal is no easy meal. 0 0. buehler. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. New World porcupines, including the well-studied North American porcupine (Erethizon dorsatum), live in trees and eat leaves, fruits and bark. Some typical living environments for these solitary porcupines are desert shrublands, chaparral, mountains, grasslands, woodlands, sagebrush, swamps, tundra and thick forests -- whether deciduous, coniferous or mixed. They live in forests and deserts, rocky outcrops, and hillsides. Depending on what specific area of North America a porcupine lives in, he may spend most of his time up in trees or on the ground. Where Does the Golden Poison Dart Frog Live? The tail is thick and muscular and 6 to 12 inches long. During the winter porcupines damage trees by chewing through the bark to eat the inner bark. © 2020 WILD SKY MEDIA. Fewer porcupines live in the southwestern or southeastern parts of the state. The major difference between Old and New world species is that the Old World porcupines live on the ground and often in small groups, while the New World porcupin… A single animal may have 30,000 or more quills. PART OF WILD SKY MEDIA | FAMILY & PARENTING, Maryland Department of Natural Resources: North American Porcupine, Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History: North American Porcupine, The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species: Erethizon Dorsatum, Natural History Museum: North American Porcupine, Characteristics of the Central American Spider Monkey. Some quills, like those of Africa's crested porcupine, are nearly a foot long. They can be found in mature forests, dwarfed pine thickets, or alder bushes. It is a large rodent encountered equally in the “Old World” and in North America and northern South America. Porcupines may be active in the day but are mostly nocturnal. Our North American version may reach 2 1/2 feet in length, with their rotund bodies weighing up to 40 lbs, making them second to the beaver as the largest rodent in North America. Other porcupine species live in Africa, Europe, and Asia. Porcupines seem to be holding their own. The porcupines found in North and South America are good climbers and spend much of their time in trees. Porcupines are relatively long lived and can live up to about 18 years in the wild. Trees are an important component of porcupine habitat, as are the shrubs and herbaceous vegetation underneath. The North American tree porcupine seems like an easy-to-keep animal: it lives in North America, so there is no need for an indoor facility, it is a rodent, it feeds on any vegetables and fruits, and it is a slow-moving animal, it does not jump, it only climbs, therefore you can build it a simple enclosure. Biodiversity Heritage Library , Flickr // CC BY 2.0 That's right behind the second - … North American porcupines have over 30,000 modified hairs called quills covering their bodies. They are found throughout most of Alaska and Canada, in the northern part of the Great Lakes region, as well as throughout the west and northeast regions of the United States. Besides forests, porcupines can also be found in grasslands, desert shrub communities and even tundra. North American porcupines, Erethizon dorsatum, have the northern most range of all porcupines.They inhabit much of North America between the Arctic Ocean and northern Mexico. 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