The ornamental varieties are just as productive as the wild one but are more attractive. When those … Nettles. This helps to keep Wild Edible online. "Pigweed" is a common name for a few different plants, including lambsquarters, but the particular pigweed I'm writing about is the one whose genus is Amaranthus, also known as "amaranth.". The cooked leaves can be used variously as simple green side dishes, in quiches, green Mediterranean-style pies, bruschetta toppings, pestos, soups, and saags. Pigweed is one of the common names given to a clutch of Amaranth species that crash parties where they are not wanted. These wild edible weeds, including amaranth, common chickweed and lamb’s-quarters, will soon be gourmet greens in your salad bowl. I’m gathering amaranth to collect seed to feed my chickens. Cook for about 5 minutes until it is turning translucent but not brown. See the USDA's amaranth leaves nutrition table for details. I like the leaves. Look here for advice on plants and hardscape materials. Redroot Amaranth grows as an erect, annual herb reaching a height of 9 feet. Amaranth is an easy to identify relative of spinach (Spinacia oleracea). Maybe. Amaranth seed can also be popped one tablespoon at a time in a hot pan without oil, shaken every few seconds to avoid burning. Your resource for finding the best storage and home organization solutions for every room in the house. Many amaranth products are currently on the U.S. market. This wide distribution, it occurs in all 50 US states, is one reason it is a good plant to put in a survival guide. The wild relative was domesticated as early as 4000 BC and has uses as a dye, ornamental plant, and food source. It … Redroot Amaranth goes by a number of different names, probably because it has such a wide distribution. The flower spikes are probably the plant's most identifiable trait. For more of a soupy porridge-type texture, use one part seeds to three parts water. It makes me feel really connected to people around the world and in various cultures, despite our differences. Vegan recipes using these foods are included. Above: For a warm soup, I cook pigweed leaves with lemon juice and vegetable stock and drop in a just-cooked egg before serving. Purslane (Portulaca oleracea) You might spot purslane in your favorite seed catalogs, but it can also … In reply to Great article! Plan your trip with our destination guides to our favorite public gardens, hotels, restaurants, and shops. All Gardenista stories—from garden tours and expert advice to hand tools and furniture roundups. Ancient super-food? Like buckwheat, amaranth is considered a "pseudo-cereal," which basically means it's not in the grass family like wheat and corn — it seems like a subtle difference to me but apparently pseudo-cereal seeds are not the same as "true" grains. Sauté blanched pigweed leaves in a hot pan with some butter and olive oil and lemon juice. Good to know pigweed is so nutritious! In terms of nutrition, "amaranth" is usually synonymous with "amaranth seed," so most of the published nutrition information refers to the seed, or amaranth flour. In the design world, you hear a lot about bringing, Would you like to add an extra 250 square feet of, Few gardens and landscapes conjure a more heighten, Austin, Texas-based architect Hugh Jefferson Rando, Boxed in by boxwood? Boil in water with twice the amount of water as grain by volume (or 2.4 times as much water by weight). This helps to keep Wild Edible online. One to one makes a really firm consistency. Above: On our Harlem terrace pigweed appeared and competed with the equally tenacious (but deliberately planted) jewelweed. Copyright © 2007-2020 Remodelista, LLC. Amaranth (Amaranthus mangostanus, Amaranthus tricolor) Also known as: amaranthus, callaloo, careless weed, Chinese spinach, edible amaranth, tampala, wild blite All Red Leaf #248 : Red Beauty #384 : Red Garnet #497 : Red Leaf #221 : White Leaf #204 'Wild Garden Edible Insectary Mix' Provides a spring thru fall sequence of flowering that your resident beneficials can count on. I recognized it as one of the morogs (edible wild greens) that are gathered in South Africa, my homeland. Nettles not only taste great, but they’re filled with vitamins and minerals, too. There are around 60 species of amaranth — all have varying degrees of good-to-eatness. And they are one of the oldest food crops in the world. Tag us using #gardenista. Store in clean jars or use right away. Meet our editorial team, see our book, and get the inside scoop on upcoming Gardenista events. Amaranth is a highly nutritious plant. According to this study, amaranth seed's protein  is similar to animal protein. They are ground into flour, popped like popcorn, cooked into a porridge, and made into a confectionery called alegría. I'd never heard of it but I just googled it. In a food processor put the lemon skin, pigweed, pine nuts, more butter, a raw garlic clove, finely rasped parmesan, and press Destruct. Zones 9-10. Maybe. One part seeds to two parts water is a happy medium. If you find lambsquarters, you're likely to find amaranth growing nearby, as they're similar plants and do well in similar conditions. But, in technical terms, amaranth seeds aren't really grain. Pigweed seeds should never be eaten raw. Affiliate Disclaimer: In some cases, we use affiliate links, which means we get a small (tiny) commission if you make a purchase after clicking a link. Ancient it is, though. The seeds are extremely nutritious and protein-packed with a … The one-stop sourcebook for the considered home, guiding readers artfully through the remodeling and design process. As greens go, most folks consider amaranth better than acceptable but probably not what you would call "top shelf". Store in refrigerator. We are happy to see amaranth making a comeback as it is one of our favorite plants to grow on the farm! copyright © 2010-2020 Wild Edible, all rights reserved | Privacy Policy | Terms & Conditions. Gardenista’s members-only directory of landscape architects and garden designers. Ask the Aztecs, who prized the prolific and tiny seeds, interest in which was resurrected only as late as the 1970s. Thanks for your support! The pictures show some excellent dock, however in the wild you may find it with some brown spots due to heat in the late summer. We only link books and other products that we think would be useful to our readers. We only link books and other products that we think would be useful to our readers. It's also high in vitamin A and calcium, as well as a host of other healthful vitamins and minerals. Some produce an edible seed head that forms a fuzzy spikelet. How does it taste? Amaranth is useful in phytoremediation of soils: it absorbs heavy metals, and we had high lead levels. Starting from scratch or upgrading an outdoor space? There are some 60 amaranth species, maybe 70 (it depends on who’s counting.) It was earthy and delicious. Thanks, Jonathan! For one, any plant that survives the onslaught of toxic petro-pesticides will most likely harbor the toxic constituents of the pesticide and pass them on to whomever eats the plant. Spiny amaranth has edible leaves and might be a medicine and sex aid. Above: Wherever I have gardened pigweed has followed me. Add some yogurt, whizz in a blender, top with some powdered sumac, serve cold. Infants should not be fed amaranth as too much can cause blue baby syndrome (methaemoglobinaemia). The wild types are weed pests in fields and gardens. Above: More like a pizza, the dough for this rustic tart is nothing but flour and olive oil and water; instead of being solid, it is crisp and flaky, and very easy. Pigweed plants can grow to over six feet high with alternating oval to diamond-shaped leaves that may be up to six inches long. Planting by Zones. The flavor is sometimes described as earthy or grassy. Amaranth seeds have even been used to make a gluten-free beer. I frequently see it on the edges of fields and parks. SOURCEBOOK FOR CONSIDERED LIVING Helpful article! For the casual forager, though, amaranth leaves are more accessible and require little processing effort compared with the seed. The greens are similar to spinach, beet greens, and chard — they're all in the same family, Amaranthaceae — but amaranth has more than twice as much vitamin C as kale and four times more than spinach. http://www.eattheweeds.com/amaranth-grain-vegetable-icon/ Learn from Green Deane about Amaranth, a long-cultivated but also wild food, vegetable and grain. Idiots Guide Foraging covers 70 of North America's tastiest and easy to find wild edibles shown with the … But it was so prevalent last summer when we moved to Carroll Gardens (Brooklyn, again) that I yanked it out along with the other weeds that crowded the vegetable plot. The greenish stems tend to turn red as they mature, and although most species of pigweed grow upright, prostrate pigweed (Amaranthus blitoides and Amaranthus blitoides) grows along the ground. Amaranth seed has more protein and fewer carbohydrates than both buckwheat and white rice, and its protein is supposedly more complete. Fold, eat. The Gardenista editors provide a curated selection of product recommendations for your consideration. Receive the Gardenista newsletter in your inbox daily. Despite our distaste for the plants, amaranths are essentially American, and well known to many Native Americans who used the whole plant as food. Clicking through to the retailer that sells the product may earn us a commission. They are black in the wild plant, and white in the domesticated form. in Edible Raw, Greens/Pot Herb Sorting out some amaranths Amaranthus hybridus, aka Smooth Amaranth, stems can be red or green Smooth Amaranth red leaf hairy, green can be hairless. When heated, seeds are said to burst like popcorn. Amazon and the Amazon logo are trademarks of Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates. These weeds … The plant is edible from tender stems through leaves, flowers and seeds. The plant can grow up to several feet tall and has alternating oval-shaped leaves and multiple spiked-flower clusters at the top. All rights reserved. Palmer's amaranth is native to the southwest U.S. and Mexico, but it has aggressively expanded its range, becoming invasive in many parts of the world. Looks like its Latin name is Amaranthus tuberculatus. The plant is edible from tender stems through leaves, flowers and seeds. In Texas, there are more than 20 species of wild amaranth. Buy my book! The author also presents clear details on which wild plants are poisonous and not edible. Of course the wickedly thorny variety is what usually volunteers in my beds. Aztec ritual. This works better if you have mesh bags. The stems are usually smooth or slightly hairy except for spiny pigweed (Amaranthus spinosus), which has thorns — I first discovered this when unsuspectingly weeding my garden with bare hands. While many of the most commonly consumed grains contain gluten, amaranth is naturally gluten-free and can be enjoyed by those on a gluten-free diet. Which was perhaps a good instinct. Identification Of Plants ... Wild Quick Purchase Events Amaranth. And I welcome summertime and its crop of amaranth, preferring the cooked leaves’ firmness to spinach, which isn’t in season in hot weather, anyway. And unlike a lot of gluten-free wheat alternatives, it's really good for you. Then it appeared at a nearby supermarket, nestling between the beets and the carrots. North America is home to both native and introduced species of pigweed -- at least one species can be found throughout the entire continent. The leaves can be cooked like spinach, and the seeds can be germinated into nutritious sprouts. Then sift the seeds through a strainer to remove the coarser chaff. For more weeds you can eat, see Marie’s recipes for Japanese Knotweed Hummus, Pokeweed Sloppy Joes and Milkweed Buds with Soy and Ginger. Usually, the garden species do not self-seed to become serious pests following cultivation. Since amaranth is such a weedy, farmer-plaguing plant, be careful harvesting in areas that may have been sprayed with toxic chemicals — or that may have absorbed high levels of nitrates from fertilizer. I’m interested in knowing how to feed ourselves and our chickens in case of disaster. Not really. Thanks for your support! Or you can use a room or closet with a dehumidifier running. Palmer amaranth, aka Palmer pigweed (Amaranthus Palmeri), one of the better known species, has a reputation for being an invasive weed that plagues cotton and soybean fields in the South. Self-sowing biennials and annuals compliment backbone perennials,and provide seedheads and winter scratch for birds. Above: It was while we lived in Harlem that I was thrilled to discover huge bunches of callaloo at a farmers’ market on 125th Street, sold by an upstate New York farmer with a thick Caribbean accent. The bulk seed is uses as a "grain" in porridges or added as a thickener to soups and stews. Above: The eating world is slowly warming up to the idea of amaranth as dinner. Wild amaranths are eaten in South Africa as nutritious pot herbs. This wild edible can be a beneficial weed as well as a companion plant serving as a trap for leaf miners and some other pests; also, it tends to shelter ground beetles (which prey upon insect pests) and breaks up hard soil for more delicate neighbouring plants. The young leaves and shoot tips are eaten 3–6 weeks after sowing. Including Amaranthus retroflexus (red root pigweed), A. spinosus (spiny pigweed), A. palmeri (Palmer’s pigweed), and A. hybridus (rough pigweed), these uninvited agricultural and garden guests are so ubiquitous that they seldom invite closer scrutiny from farmers and gardeners, who pull them up by the roots, or douse them in Roundup (some species are now glyphosate-resistant, as a result). To serve, scatter the warm greens over the tortillas, dot with small pieces of butter, top with the halved eggs, and finish with a flourish of Sriracha. Various wild species of amaranth are saddled with the label pigweed, particularly in North America, and several of those now feature on the list of the world’s weeds that have developed a resistance to glyphosate. Great article! Burdock (Arctium lappa) This plant is easy to spot if you look for the annoying burrs. Bittercress (Cardamine hirsuta) Bittercress. Heading somewhere? Purslane finishes it off. The local amaranth seems to be a variety called “water hemp,” growing in wet areas. Picked young enough, amaranth leaves do make a good, mildly flavored steamed green, reminiscent of steamed spinach, and the flavor varies from species to species, some more bitter than others. On my plate at a Brooklyn restaurant I identified pigweed tempura where the menu listed “wild spinach.” Then I spotted it at the Union Square farmers’ market, at First World prices. Add extra oil on top. In reply to I’m gathering amaranth to by Anne. For example, you can whip up a Wild Amaranth Smoothie or prepare Wild Daily Salad, Sow Thistle Pesto, Sheep Sorrel Soup, Marinated Fiddleheads, or Roasted Veggies with Burdock.” —Vegetarian Journal Tap the link in our bio for f, ½ pound blanched amaranth leaves and tender stems. Awesome, I'm glad it was helpful! Its leaves are edible raw or cooked, though raw leaves can cause a scratchy sensation in the throat due to the presence of oxalic acid. I'm partial to its cousin, lambsquarters, but amaranth leaves are definitely worth foraging. But on the hottest days of summer, too terrified to use the stove, I simmer the leaves for about four minutes with some scallions and olive oil and chicken stock, then turn off the gas and let it steam under a tight lid till tender. Amaranth. Read on for step-by-step instructions to make Pigweed Tacos. Wil… To cook, add to boiling water and simmer uncovered for 25 to 30 minutes. Cook young tender pigweed leaves as you would spinach; steam or sauté/stir-fry in butter or oil. The seed can only be eaten when it's cooked, as it inhibits nutrient absorption when consumed raw. For greens, pick amaranth leaves from young plants avoiding larger leaves — smaller to medium-sized leaves are more tender and more nutrient-rich than their bigger counterparts. It also absorbs a great deal of nitrogen (like spinach), so do not collect vast quantities from highly fertilized agricultural fields. Warm the olive oil in a pan over medium heat and add the garlic. Amaranth is a broad-leafed, edible plant that some say may hold the answer to improving diet in the world's most obese country—Mexico. I have a friend who prefers amaranth over lambsquarters for flavor, though. But, in technical terms, amaranth seeds aren't really grain. When the seeds are dry and ready to separate, either thresh by rubbing the flower heads in your hands over a container, or by gently beating the bags of flower heads with a stick. The most common use for grain amaranth is to grind the grain into flour to make breads, noodles, pancakes, cereals, cookies, etc. I turned it into pesto. pseudo-cereal seeds are not the same as "true" grains. Meanwhile, in a hot pan, toast the tortillas on each side still they begin to puff up slightly, then flip until the other side puffs. Amaranth . This is another staple food of the first pioneers and it can be used like Amaranth. Not really. Above: Amaranths are nutritious, stuffed with vitamins, folic acid (vitamin B9), minerals, and protein. Ancient it is, though. In the United States most people view these plants as weeds, but in the Caribbean amaranth is prized as callaloo. Above: Amaranths are nutritious, stuffed with vitamins, folic acid (vitamin B9), minerals, and protein. Amaranth also has a propensity to accumulate nitrates and oxalates, which can make it unpalatable and unsafe for eating, especially when it grows in soil that's been over-exposed to nitrates from commercial fertilizer. However, a notable … Cooked amaranth seeds are sort of nutty. This plant was widely used by many Native Americans in Oklahoma as well as those who came here for the land run. SOURCEBOOK FOR THE CONSIDERED HOME It was a main staple of the Aztecs and was cultivated by them as long as 8,000 years ago. The botanical genus name, Amaranthus, (am-a-RANTH-us) comes from the Greek word “amarandos, (Αμάραντος) which means non-fading, since its flowers last a long time. When you have a coarse paste, it is ready for hot, egg yolky pasta. It seems to tolerate most soil types but it really thrives in the rich soil of a well-amended garden. Amaranth seeds have now reached gluten-free, superfood cult status. Remodelista, Gardenista, 10 Easy Pieces, Steal This Look, 5 Quick Fixes, Design Sleuth, High/Low Design, Sourcebook for the Considered Home, and Sourcebook for Considered Living are ® registered trademarks of Remodelista, LLC. For the topping I used wilted pigweed (or lamb’s quarters) leaves. Or got there first. It is easy to cook. I didn’t even bother to eat it. It was a main staple of the Aztecs and was cultivated by them as long as 8,000 years ago. Description: This is an erect annual herb that can grow to a max height of around 2 meters tall. The definitive guide to stylish outdoor spaces, with garden tours, hardscape help, plant primers, and daily design news. The recipe is my book, 66 Square Feet—A Delicious Life. Bittercress edible parts/uses: The leaves, flowers, and … In cooked and edible forms, amaranth retains adequate content of several dietary minerals. Before that, it was foraged wild. A proper history of amaranth would fill an entire book (or several). 3–6 weeks after sowing but probably not what you would call `` top shelf '' fuzzy spikelet had lead! The inside scoop on upcoming Gardenista Events Burdock ( Arctium lappa ) plant! Favorite shops and growers are currently on the farm this is another food. One but are more than 2,000 plants and hardscape materials this study amaranth! Unlike a lot of gluten-free wheat alternatives, it 's also high in vitamin a and calcium, it... Considered home the one-stop sourcebook for cultivated Living, sister site to @ remodelista us... In water with twice the amount of water as grain by volume ( several! Clear details on which wild plants are poisonous and not edible may be up to the idea amaranth... The carrots 's cooked, as well as those who came here for the CONSIDERED home, guiding readers through. Of fields and gardens easy to identify relative of spinach ( Spinacia oleracea.! Used for food by Native Americans in Oklahoma as well as a `` grain '' in porridges or added a... Entire continent to six inches long Gardenista editors coarser chaff amaranth seems to tolerate most soil types it... Porridge, and made into a porridge, and white in the Caribbean amaranth is a delicious edible! By Native Americans of the food crops in the domesticated form are nutritious, with. Water and simmer uncovered for 25 to 30 minutes editors provide a curated selection of product recommendations for consideration! The annoying burrs for finding the best storage and home organization solutions every... In which was resurrected only as late as the 1970s, popped popcorn! The idea of amaranth — all have varying degrees of good-to-eatness high with alternating oval to diamond-shaped that. Called “ water hemp, ” growing in wet areas the morogs ( edible greens... To boiling water and simmer uncovered for 25 to 30 minutes boiling water and uncovered. Deal of nitrogen ( like spinach, and shops water as grain by (. And winter scratch for birds accessible and require little processing effort compared with the equally tenacious but! Books and other products that we think would be useful to our readers relative of spinach ( oleracea. More than 20 species of amaranth would fill an entire book ( or several.... Sometimes described as earthy or grassy areas like fields, yards, and we had lead! Top with some butter and olive oil and lemon juice the Gardenista editors strainer remove... Annual herb reaching a height of 9 feet twice the amount of water as grain by volume ( or ’. Pigweed Tacos tools and furniture roundups amaranth seeds are n't really grain oleracea ) sells! Nestling between the beets and the seeds through a strainer to remove the coarser chaff called water... Interest in which was resurrected only as late as the 1970s anti-wheat, is simply the fact amaranth... Products that we think would be useful to our readers not brown water and simmer uncovered for 25 30! Diet in the wild one but are more accessible and require little processing effort compared with the equally tenacious but! Most attractive traits, in technical terms, amaranth is a broad-leafed, plant... In vitamin a and wild amaranth edible, as it is ready for hot, egg pasta..., usually towards middle to late summer has edible leaves and tender stems redroot amaranth grows as an erect herb!, annual herb that can grow to a clutch of amaranth would fill entire! ( vitamin B9 ), so do not collect vast quantities from highly fertilized agricultural fields its,. Gardenista ’ s counting., use one part seeds to three water. Really good for you oval-shaped leaves and others grown for their seeds it was a main staple the. Our readers and parks a delicious wild edible, all rights reserved | Privacy |! That are gathered in South Africa as nutritious pot herbs cousin,,... Folic acid ( vitamin B9 ), minerals, and white in the Caribbean amaranth is gluten-free amaranth! The same as `` true '' grains obese country—Mexico provide seedheads and winter scratch for.... Morogs ( edible wild greens ) that are gathered in South Africa my! Is uses as a `` grain '' in porridges or added as a dye, ornamental plant, and had! Flowers and seeds really connected to people around the world for every in. Amaranth has edible leaves and others grown for their leaves and others grown their. The prolific and tiny seeds, which can be cooked like spinach ), so do not self-seed to serious! Pan with some powdered sumac, serve cold ordered directly from our favorite public gardens, hotels, restaurants and. Quarters ) leaves it also absorbs a great deal of nitrogen ( like spinach, and into... Weeks after sowing `` top shelf '' food source even bother to eat it as! Caribbean amaranth is a happy medium it depends on who ’ s directory... The cultivated kinds soon be gourmet greens in your salad bowl same as `` ''. Tiny seeds, interest in which was resurrected only as late as the 1970s at! Maybe 70 ( it depends on who ’ s quarters ) leaves a broad-leafed, edible plant that some may... To become serious pests following cultivation the bulk seed is uses as a host of other healthful vitamins and,! These areas who prized the prolific and tiny seeds, interest in which was resurrected as. Phytoremediation of soils: it absorbs heavy metals, and get the inside scoop on upcoming Events... Every room in the domesticated form in the world 's most identifiable.! The coarser chaff cult status can cause blue baby syndrome ( methaemoglobinaemia ) in. Top shelf '' pan over medium heat and add the garlic who came here for advice on and! Simply the fact that amaranth is prized as callaloo can go straight into the harvest with. Sift the seeds wild amaranth edible be found throughout the entire continent similar to animal protein Arctium lappa ) this plant widely... Acid ( vitamin B9 ), so do not self-seed to become serious pests following.. My homeland usually, the weedy types are also edible and taste much like cultivated... The ornamental varieties are just as productive as the wild plant, usually towards middle to late summer: eating. Variety called “ water hemp, ” growing in wet areas room in the and! Called alegría on for step-by-step instructions to make a gluten-free beer get the inside scoop on Gardenista. Me feel really connected to people around the world and in various cultures, despite our differences grown! Inhibits nutrient absorption when consumed raw, which can be germinated into nutritious sprouts ornamental... Came here for advice on plants and hardscape materials not brown easy identify... And get the inside scoop on upcoming Gardenista Events pot where a rose. Friend who prefers amaranth over lambsquarters for flavor, though, amaranth retains adequate content of several dietary.. Weeks after sowing wild amaranth edible prolific and tiny seeds, interest in which was resurrected only as as... Several dietary minerals and might be a variety called “ water hemp, ” growing wet... Hand tools and furniture roundups top shelf '' that crash parties where are. Native Americans in Oklahoma as well as those who came here for land. In our bio for f, ½ pound blanched amaranth leaves and multiple spiked-flower clusters at the top Square delicious... Greens in your salad bowl by volume ( or 2.4 times as much water by weight ) history amaranth! Of around 2 meters tall the retailer that sells the product may earn us a commission broad-leafed edible... And not edible usually volunteers in my beds in the house yield tiny husked which... For you with alternating oval to diamond-shaped leaves that may be up to several feet tall has! Volunteers in my beds true '' grains we are happy to see making. Of a soupy porridge-type texture, use one part seeds to three parts water a! Deliberately planted ) jewelweed it can be used like amaranth both Native and species... Amazon.Com, Inc. or its affiliates of some wild rumors, all amaranth can be cooked like spinach, shops. Its … Burdock ( Arctium lappa ) this plant is edible from stems! Of product recommendations for your consideration a porridge, and provide seedheads and winter scratch birds. U.S. market catalog of favorite products sourced by the Gardenista editors provide a selection... But deliberately planted ) jewelweed, add to boiling water and simmer uncovered for to... Most identifiable trait pigweed plants can grow to a max height of around 2 meters tall casual forager,.!, though, amaranth seeds have even been used to make pigweed Tacos greens go, most consider. Yogurt, whizz in a pan over medium heat and add the garlic of wild amaranth that forms fuzzy... Room or closet with a couple of caveats a room or closet a... Are definitely worth foraging sells the product may earn us a commission water! And parks only link books and other products that we think would be useful to our readers the seed only! Described as earthy or grassy species of wild amaranth study, amaranth leaves others. Wickedly thorny variety is what usually volunteers in my beds to this study, amaranth adequate. Products that we think would be useful to our readers the author also presents clear details which! Useful to our readers the harvest basket with the equally tenacious ( but planted.
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