Cultivars/Varieties. It typically grows in a vase-shaped form to 6-10’ tall and to 3-6' wide but tends to sucker and form colonies. Description. Flowers are more abundant and the fruits are larger. This plant has browsed by from deer. An easy transplant. Varieties for Growing Aronia Berries. History of Name: The common name is in reference to the tart and bitter berries which are technically edible but are so astringent as to cause choking in those who try. Bailey (1951) differentiates Aronia from Sorbus by the features of different leaf serrations, differing arrangement of styles within the flowers, and by the fact that Aronia bears glands o… Aronia arbutifolia, commonly called red chokeberry, is a deciduous, multi-stemmed shrub that is native to both wet and dry thickets in Eastern North America (Nova Scotia and Ontario to Ohio south to Texas and Florida). Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight), Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours). C-Value: 6 It’s also known as the “purple chokeberry”. Our future. From top level menus, use escape to exit the menu. It grows to 12' tall and wide and offers good red fall color. The foliage turns bright red in autumn and compares favorably with burning bush (Euonymus alatus) for excellence of fall color. Leaf:  Fall                   Blooms:  Spring            Nut/Fruit/Seed:  Fall. Many nurseries claim to grow this form. use escape to move to top level menu parent. Menu. You can search, browse, and learn more about the plants in our living collections by visiting our BRAHMS website. It has exceptional fall color and a suckering habit. An easy-care, multi-stemmed shrub for massing in borders, woodlands and naturalized areas. The potted Aronia plant can also be planted in summer, as it is already very well Planting time: The planting period is from March to May and from September to November. I have not seen any Red Chokeberry that are not this cultivar, except for some wild young plants growing in Volo Bog in the wet, very acidic, peat soil in northeast Illinois near Fox Lake. The fact that it has been classified in four genera reflects its history of taxonomic difficulty. The fruits are sometimes used to make tasty jams and jellies. This slow-growing cultivar … Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. The Red Chokeberry has clusters (corymbs) of white to light pink, 5-petaled flowers (1/3”diameter) that appear in spring. L'Aronia arbutifolia 'Brilliant' est un arbuste très décoratif, au feuillage vert foncé virant au rouge éclatant en automne et aux gros bouquets de fleurs blanches. Noted for its attractive glossy red berries and excellent red fall foliage color, Aronia arbutifolia 'Brilliantissima' (Red Chokeberry) is a deciduous shrub adding multi-season beauty to the garden. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. The University of Minnesota is an equal opportunity educator and employer. Fruit is eaten by a number of bird species, usually in mid to late winter. This is a tough shrub with flowers and handsome fruit. N.C. 'elata'. Within a submenu, use escape to move to top level menu parent. Noteworthy Characteristics. The fruits are sometimes used to make tasty jams and jellies. It is a very handsome plant that is informal in habit. Rubina, Hugin from Sweden. This graceful shrub is denser and more compact than the species, with larger flowers in early spring that yield larger fruit in autumn – which birds … Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. Cultivars/Varieties var. The mature size of Aronia arbutifolia will be 6-10' tall and 3-6' wide. Glossy green leaves turn a brilliant scarlet in the fall. "This species is native to the Chicago Region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research.". Natural Areas Conservation Training Program, Black walnut toxicity (plants tolerant of), Preventing construction damage to trees and shrubs, Trees and shrubs for the four seasons landscape, Sudden Oak Death, Ramorum Blight and Phytophthora ramorum, Eastern United States Wetlands Collection. White, five-petaled flowers arranged in small corymbs (clusters). Have tree and plant questions? Fire Risk: This plant has a low flammability rating. Cultivars / Varieties: 'Autumn Magic'. Aronia arbutifolia, commonly called red chokeberry, is a deciduous, multi-stemmed shrub that is native to both wet and dry thickets in Eastern North America (Nova Scotia and Ontario to Ohio south to Texas and Florida). Cultivars are plants produced in cultivation by selective breeding or via vegetative propagation from wild plants identified to have desirable traits.". Aronia has been used by Native Americans to treat the common cold. Prune out unwanted suckers to control size. Its fruits are eaten by mammals and birds. Its winter berries are eaten by mammals and birds. It is native to eastern Canada and the United States. This plant has some cultivated varieties. Kashamachi und Mandschurica from Estonia. Replace the invasive burning bush with the cultivar Brilliant (Aronia arbutifolia ‘Brilliantissima’), with abundant flowers and larger fruits. Bailey (1914) lists it as Aronia, and notes that the genus Aronia derives from aria, a subgenus of Sorbus. Cultivars – Variants- Related species -A. arbutifolia- Red Chokeberry - is grown for its excellent red autumn color and profuse production of red fruits. It has a wide range of soil tolerance, including boggy soils. Brilliantissima Characteristics & Attributes. Red Chokeberry Cultivar (Aronia arbutifolia ‘brilliantissima’) $ 25.00. Red chokeberry is a tough, dependable plant with three-season interest, especially in shady, wet sites. Aronia arbutifolia 'Brilliantissima' Sku #0307. 'Autumn Magic' - A compact form (3'-5' tall) with good fruit set and bright red-purple fall color. Get expert help from The Morton Arboretum Plant Clinic. Black chokeberry is a sibling of the red chokeberry (Aronia arbutifolia). It is a great addition when creating a natural habitat for pollinators and birds; plentiful fall fruit attracts migrating birds. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. elata. aronia melanocarpa cultivars. Alternate, simple leaves; 2 1/2 inches long, oval in shape, dark green with finely toothed margins. Here are a list of shrubs that are deer resistant. All rights reserved. This deciduous variety grows into a wide, loose bush with good branching. In eastern North America, two well-known species are named after their fruit color, red chokeberry and black chokeberry, plus a purple chokeberry whose origin is a natural hybrid of the two. The fruits display from September to November. Variety or Cultivar 'Brilliant' _ 'Brilliant' is an erect, deciduous shrub with elliptic to ovate, glossy, dark green leaves, hairy beneath and turning bright red in autumn. Aronia. Full sun to part shade. Brilliant Red Chokeberry (Aronia arbutifolia 'Brilliantissima'): 6 to 8 feet high and 3 to 5 feet wide; upright habit. Aron, Serina und Hakkija from Denmark. A fourth species, Aronia mitschurinii, that apparently originated in cultivation, is also known as Sorbaronia mitschurinii. Reddish brown bark when young, changing to grayish-brown with age. The fruit has an astringent taste that birds do not prefer. The Red Chokeberry is easily grown in average, medium moisture soils. The 0.25" fruits are borne along the stem and although highly ornamental are not eaten by birds. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to Black chokeberry ( Aronia melanocarpa) — Zone 3-8. Improved, compact selection noted for its lovely white spring flowers followed by larger, more abundant glossy red fruit and brilliant red fall foliage. Mulch to conserve moisture. It typically grows in a vase-shaped form to 6-10’ tall and to 3-6' wide but tends to sucker and form colonies. Brilliant Red Chokeberry  (Aronia arbutifolia 'Brilliantissima'): 6 to 8 feet high and 3 to 5 feet wide; upright habit. This slow growing, suckering shrub transplants well. It typically grows in a vase-shaped form to 6-10’ tall and to 3 … Aronia melanocarpa - berries and fall color Jim Lawrence CC BY-NC-ND 4.0. This plant has white flowers from March to May. It will have either an oval or vase shape at maturity. var. In Poland European enterprises plant large new areas with Aronia (jam for joghurt and medical use). Go to list of cultivars. Insects, Diseases, or Other Plant Problems: This plant has some susceptibility to leaf spots and twig/fruit blight. Take advantage of the adaptability of black chokeberry when deciding how to use it in the landscape. It possesses enhancements to all the desirable features of the species. Aesculus parviflora (Bottlebrush Buckeye): Stately specimen that forms a spreading, mounded shrub with tall, pyramidal spikes to white flowers in July. It spreads... Red chokeberry ( Aronia arbutifolia) — Zone 4-9. In spring, a profusion of white to light pink flower clusters appear along the branches. Exposure . Which Aronia plant species are there? The Morton Arboretum is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit that relies on the generosity of members and donors. It has a fibrous root system and spreads by suckers. Aronia cultivars like ‘Viking’ could be allotetra- ploids, since Aronia is known to hybridize with plants in the Rosaceae genus Sorbus. Aronia melanocarpa, commonly called black chokeberry, is an open, upright, spreading, somewhat rounded but leggy, suckering, deciduous shrub that typically grows 3-6’ tall. The improved cultivar offers white flowers, dense summer foliage, and autumn fruit and color to enliven garden beds and borders. The flowers are followed by abundant glossy red fruits (1/4” diameter) which appear in dense clusters along the branches. Edible, purplish-black berry-like fruit (pomes). Aronia arbutifolia, commonly known as red chokeberry, and; ... (Aronia melanocarpa). The Red Chokeberry has elliptic to oblong to obovate leaves (to 3 1/2” long) that are a glossy dark green above and pubescent grayish-green beneath. Fertödi from Hungary. x prunifolia - This hybrid with the native A. melanocarpa is an upright-rounded shrub with white flowers that mature to deep purple fruit. Aronia arbutifolia is only important for cultivars with nice autumn colour. This plant is a cultivar of a species that is native to the Chicago Region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research. 'elata'. Virtues: We love chokeberry (Aronia arbutifolia), a medium-size deciduous shrub, for its delicate spring bloom, long-lasting red berries and bright fall foliage, which makes it a good substitute for invasive burning bush (Euonymus alatus).Its common name comes from the sour taste of its fruit. Cultivars of Aronia exists from all 3 important species (Aronia melanocarpa, A. x prunifolia, A. arbutifolia). 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