See more. [43] Urtication, or flogging with nettles is the process of deliberately applying stinging nettles to the skin to provoke inflammation. Plants form dense patches with erect stems rarely taller than 30cm, and they produce rooting stolons (runners). They are more closely compared in this previous post — along with Clearweed (Pilea pumila) — also a member of the nettle family. [25] The same idiom exists in the Serbian language - неће гром у коприве. [53] Nettle contains much less carotenes and retinol than carrots, which contain 8.35 RE per g fresh weight. Free Download Transparent PNG 559x544. Rhizomatous. Whoever strips and eats the most stinging nettle leaves in a fixed time is the winner. [27] The idea was mentioned by William Camden in his book Britannia of 1586. Since nettles prefer to grow in phosphorus-rich and nitrogen rich soils that have recently been disturbed (and thus aerated), the growth of nettles is an indicator that an area has high fertility (especially phosphate and nitrate), and thus is an indicator to gardeners as to the quality of the soil. Laportea. The plants have beautifully patterned and coloured leaves with toothed, lace-patterned or fringed edges. The perennial stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) is a perennial, herbaceous plant with creeping roots.It is perhaps most troublesome in loose, newly cultivated soil, especially where phosphate levels are high. Clue: Plant of the nettle family. Wood nettle. And each has been assigned to a different genus (Urtica, Laportea and Pilea). It quickly forms a silvery carpet of foliage with whorls of long-lasting, nettle-like, magenta flowers in late spring and early summer. [37][38] Similarly, in Greece the tender leaves are often used, after simmering, as a filling for hortopita, which is similar to spanakopita, but with wild greens rather than spinach for filling. [57], Ruminants avoid fresh stinging nettles, however if the nettles are wilted or dry, voluntary intake can be high. L) Powder or Essential Oil", "Compost Teas vs Other Teas and Extracts", "Potential for Greenhouse Aeroponic Cultivation of Urtica Dioica", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Urtica_dioica&oldid=993013911, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from September 2019, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2019, Articles with failed verification from March 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Growing seedlings: For this technique pre-germinated seeds are sown between mid-/end-February and beginning of April and grown in, This page was last edited on 8 December 2020, at 09:43. However, nettle seeds are only on the female plant on the right. The nettle is a family of plants, shrubs, and trees (Urticaceae from Latin word, meaning “to burn”); some have stinging hairs with sharp-pointed tubes, containing formic acid, that break off in the skin and cause irritation; family includes members of genus Parietaria, source of niter used in drugs; also genus Boehmeria, source of China grass, or ramie, used in making textiles. & Sib. Although nutritious, it is not widely eaten by either wildlife or livestock, presumably because of the sting. The plant on the left is the male, and the clusters you see on the male plant are flowers. Family: Nettle Family – Urticaceae; Growing form: Perennial herb. [66] U. dioica can be a troubling weed, and mowing can increase plant density. Young plants were harvested by Native Americans and used as a cooked plant in spring when other food plants were scarce. Thomas J. Elpel's Web World Pages In Hungarian, the idiom csalánba nem üt a mennykő, the thunderbolt does not strike into nettle, means bad people escape trouble or the devil looks after his own. 2 synonyms for nettle family: family Urticaceae, Urticaceae. Primitive Living Skills | Outdoor Wilderness Living School, LLC The leaves have a strongly serrated margin, a cordate base, and an acuminate tip with a terminal leaf tooth longer than adjacent laterals. [citation needed], Nettles have a number of other uses in the vegetable garden, including the potential for encouraging beneficial insects. Parietaria. The nettle family is full of stinging plants, but none is quite as aggressive as the gympie gympie (Dendrocnide moroides). The ovary is positioned superior and has only one carpel (unicarpellate). [57][58][59] Feeding as little as 6.25 g dry nettle per kg feed is as effective as the synthetic pigments to colour the egg yolk. The competition dates back to 1986, when two neighbouring farmers attempted to settle a dispute about which had the worst infestation of nettles. Nettle plants are of the family Urticaceae. [3] It has widely spreading rhizomes and stolons, which are bright yellow, as are the roots. The English word 'nettled', meaning irritated or angry, is derived from 'nettle'.[26]. and I grow Urtica dioica for my own use. Standard deviations are given in brackets. 1,868 views. Deaf Nettle. Plants called "nettle" include: ball nettle – Solanum carolinense Thus, nettle clothing began to gradually disappear. Urticaceae – Nettle family Genus: Urtica L. – nettle Species: Urtica dioica L. – stinging nettle Subordinate Taxa . The leaves and stems are very hairy with non-stinging hairs, and in most subspecies, also bear many stinging hairs (trichomes or spicules), whose tips come off when touched, transforming the hair into a needle that can inject several chemicals causing a painful sting or paresthesia, giving the species its common names: stinging nettle, burn nettle, burn weed, or burn hazel.[3][5][4]. There are related clues (shown below). Urtica incisa (Australian nettle); 1.2. The top baby leaves are selected and simmered, then mixed with other ingredients such as herbs and rice, before being used as a filling between dough layers. [31] In its peak season, nettle contains up to 25% protein, dry weight, which is high for a leafy green vegetable. Like yellow archangel, and other members of the dead-nettle family, it doesn't have stinging leaves. [74], "Stinging nettle" redirects here. [74], Dioica is derived from Greek, meaning 'of two houses' (having separate staminate and pistillate plants; dioecious). In French, the idiom faut pas pousser mémé dans les orties (don't push grandma in the nettles) means that we should be careful not to abuse a situation. Minerals (Ca, K, Mg, P, Si, S, Cl) and trace elements (Ti, 80 ppm,[55] Mn, Cu, Fe) contents depend mostly on the soil and the season. Botanical: Lamium album (LINN.) Many folks know of its medicinal and edible qualities and enjoy foraging for it. The stinging nettle (Urtica dioica ) grows wild in nitrogen-rich soil on the edges of fields, stream banks, waste places, and close to stables and human habitations throughout the United States and Europe. Nettle has high carotenoid contents, especially lutein, β-carotene and zeaxanthin, of which lutein and zeaxanthin act as yellow pigments. Blind Nettle. [39], In the UK, an annual World Nettle Eating Championship draws thousands of people to Dorset, where competitors attempt to eat as much of the raw plant as possible. HOPS Press, LLC | Dirt Cheap Builder Books Nettle family definition, the plant family Urticaceae, characterized by herbaceous plants, trees, and shrubs, sometimes covered with stinging hairs, having alternate or opposite simple leaves, clusters of small flowers, and small, dry, seedlike fruit, and including baby's-tears, clearweed, nettles of the genus Urtica, and ramie. [5][16][17][18][19] Anti-itch drugs, usually in the form of creams containing antihistamines or hydrocortisone, may provide relief from nettle dermatitis. This is family number 50 in Stace and besides the genus Urtica, which has 2 native species, it also has 2 other genera + species occurring in the B.I. Antonyms for nettle family. They're a good indication that the soil is quite high in nutrients, especially phosphorus, and this is why you often see nettles amongst the cow pats in paddocks. [53] Mature leaves contain about 40% α- linolenic acid, a valuable omega-3 acid. As you become proficient at identifying members of the Mint family by their square stalks, opposite leaves, and spicy aroma, you should also familiarize yourself with the flowers. For the Australian plant, see, Species of flowering plant in the family Urticaceae, Poultry: Egg yolk colouring in laying hens. The nettle plant has an erect stalk that grows up to 1 m in height. Nettle was believed to be a galactagogue – a substance that promotes lactation. See more ideas about Nettle, Planting flowers, Plants. Nettle plants are of the family Urticaceae. noun the plant family Urticaceae, characterized by herbaceous plants, trees, and shrubs, sometimes covered with stinging hairs, having alternate or opposite simple leaves, clusters of small flowers, and small, dry, seedlike fruit, and including baby's-tears, clearweed, nettles of the genus Urtica, and ramie. Fifty nettle species have been identified across the world. [51], Nettles may be used as a dye-stuff, producing yellow from the roots, or yellowish green from the leaves. Plant Families - Nettle family (Urticaceae) Ragged Robin. September 18, 2017. The Nettle family consists of around 500 species with the genus Urtica encompassing the stinging nettles and the genus Parietaria covering the pellitory nettles. Ragged Robin (Lychnis flos-cuculi) Stiging Nettle. Competitors are given 60 cm (24 in) stalks of the plant, from which they strip the leaves and eat them. Pistillate flower has four tepals in different-sized pairs, are greyish green and hairy. Plant of the nettle family is a crossword puzzle clue. Stinging nettle, (Urtica dioica), also called common nettle, weedy perennial plant of the nettle family (Urticaceae), known for its stinging leaves. Cnidoscolus stimulosus, bull nettle, spurge nettle, 1.3.2. Most, but not all, subspecies of Urtica dioica (common nettle), 1.1.2. The Nettle family contains 52 genera and over 1,300 species worldwide, but in Finland only one genus (Urtica), which many people are surprised to learn has two species.Annual nettle is rarer, smaller and annual (of course). The two plants on the right have stinging hairs along their stems. Please e-mail Thomas J. Elpel to report mistakes or to inquire about purchasing high resolution photos of these plants. Those plants are found in the Loosestrife, Verbena and Stinging Nettle families, but none of them smell minty. When we look at the leaves we can see how very similar they are in shape. It may be of interest to note that not all species of stinging nettle have literal stinging properties. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. It matures as a dry seed, called an achene. Probably the most commonly known and recognized member of the Nettle Family (Urticaceae) is stinging nettle (Urtica dioica). Many species of the Stinging Nettle family have a memorable way of identifying themselves for you. Close up foliage texture background [1][7], Urtica dioica is a dioecious, herbaceous, perennial plant, 1 to 2 m (3 to 7 ft) tall in the summer and dying down to the ground in winter. [54] For exact fatty acid contents see Table 1. Common nettle, also known as stinging nettle, is herbaceous plant that belongs to the family Urticaceae. In the German language, the idiom sich in die Nesseln setzen, or to sit in nettles, means to get into trouble. [5] The term, contact urticaria, has a wider use in dermatology, involving dermatitis caused by various skin irritants and pathogens. [1] It is abundant in northern Europe and much of Asia, usually found in the countryside. Nettle is part of the English name of many plants with stinging hairs, particularly those of the genus Urtica. Height: 30–150 cm (12–60 in.). English terms for baby's tears, clearweed, nettles, ramie, and other plants in the family Urticaceae. [73], Urtica is derived from a Latin word meaning 'sting'. About Tom | Green University®, LLC It contained various high value beads as well as fragments of a sash made from nettle fibre. Nettle is a genus of flowering plants of the Nettle family. Ginger says: April 5, 2013 at 7:54 am Thank you for this well stated, instructional post. C… Nettles are sometimes used in cheesemaking, for example in the production of Cornish Yarg[35] and as a flavouring in varieties of Gouda. The European subspecies has been introduced into Australia, North America and South America.[10][11]. Red dead-nettle is a common plant of roadside verges, waste grounds and field edges - anywhere the ground has been disturbed or cultivated. The cist dated from between 1730 and 1600 BC. Forms dense stands. Indeed, this spring wildflower is sometimes referred to as Yellow Dead-nettle. It’s seasonal herbalism at its best with healthful weedy plants such as dandelions, violets, and chickweed expressing their vitality by simply growing all on their own in the first warm rays of the sun and passing that strength on to us. Clue: Plant of the nettle family. See more. Six genera are found in North America. The plant seeds itself, and, in favorable conditions, nettle spreads freely from it… … PNG (72dpi) jisamauz. Tobacco Root Mountains. It bears small, greenish or brownish, numerous flowers in dense axillary inflorescences. The Nettle family contains 52 genera and over 1,300 species worldwide, but in Finland only one genus (Urtica), which many people are surprised to learn has two species. Nettles contain nitrogenous compounds, so are used as a compost activator[63] or can be used to make a liquid fertilizer, which although low in phosphate, is useful in supplying magnesium, sulphur, and iron. Three genera of the family have stinging hairs: Urtica, Laportea, and Hesperocnide, the last being a native of California. Wood nettle (Laportea canadensis); 1.3. Check out these books by Thomas J. Elpel: Return to Thomas J. Elpel's Urtica dioica, or Common Nettle, is distributed throughout the temperate regions of Europe and Asia, and is found in Japan, South Africa, Australia and The Andes. Royalty-Free Stock Photo. Thousands of new, high-quality pictures added every day. Next Post Next The Poppy and its family. It is a perennial foliage plant which is often treated as an annual by commercial growers. Table 2: Carotenoid concentration of leaves of U. dioica (μg/ g dry weight). Clearweed’s leaves are smooth and somewhat glossy while both stinging nettle and wood nettle have “rougher” looking leaves. Stinging nettle looks almost identical to catnip, which is in the mint family. There are related clues (shown below). The taxonomy of Urtica species has been confused, and older sources are likely to use a variety of systematic names for these plants. [28] However, in 2011, an early Bronze Age burial cist on Whitehorse Hill,[29][30] Dartmoor, Devon was excavated. [54] Common nettle can be found in numerous habitats including forests, grasslands, marshes, farms, gardens and urban areas. The plant is common in herbal medicine, and young leaves can be cooked and eaten as a nutritious potherb. Mainly grown for their two-toned leaves, which can be frosted or marked with splashes, Lamium also sometimes surprise you in late spring or summer with flowers that are relatively small, resembling snapdragons, and in colors ranging from white to pink to purple. If you're not sure what to do from here, take a look at this Help page for instructions. Nettle Family - Drawing Of - Stevia Rebaudiana - Perennial Plant Jiaogulan is a 1030x746 PNG image with a transparent background. [15], Urtica dioica produces its inflammatory effect on skin (stinging, burning sensation often called "contact urticaria") both by impaling the skin via spicules – causing mechanical irritation – and by biochemical irritants, such as histamine, serotonin, and acetylcholine, among other chemicals. [56] Depending on the batch and the leave and stem content, nettle contains only traces of zeaxanthin or between 20 – 60 mg / kg of dry matter. The silkplant (Boehmeria) is said to have the longest fibers known in the plant kingdom, with a tensile strength eight times greater than cotton (Fern). An agent thus used was considered to be a rubefacient (something that causes redness), used as a folk remedy for treating rheumatism. Urticaceae, the nettle family (order Rosales) comprising about 54 genera and 2,625 species of herbs, shrubs, small trees, and a few vines, distributed primarily in tropical regions. Standard deviations are given in brackets. Nettle definition, any plant of the genus Urtica, covered with stinging hairs. [22], In Great Britain and Ireland, the stinging nettle (U. dioica subsp. Urtica dioica, shalow DOF known as medical plant, common nettle, stinging nettle, or nettle leaf, ornettle or stinger. Although some gardeners don't like nettles in their garden and try to get rid of the prickly plants, others want to grow them for herbal or vegetable consumption. Many species have stinging hairs and may be called nettles or stinging nettles, although the latter name applies particularly to Urtica dioica. The genus includes more than 50 species. [50] Fibre varieties are normally cloning varieties and therefore planted from vegetative propagated plantlets. Male and Female Nettle Plants. Heiko Bellmann: Der Neue Kosmos Schmetterlingsführer, Schmetterlinge, Raupen und Futterpflanzen, pg. Under middle-European conditions, stems yield typically between 45 and 55 dt / ha (decitons per hectare), which is comparable to flax stem yield. dioica) is the only common stinging plant and has found a place in several figures of speech in the English language. Urtica is a genus of flowering plants in the family Urticaceae. Urtica dioica, often known as common nettle, stinging nettle (although not all plants of this species sting) or nettle leaf, or just a nettle or stinger, is a herbaceous perennial flowering plant in the family Urticaceae. Nettle definition, any plant of the genus Urtica, covered with stinging hairs. Stinging nettle is a large, rhizomatous perennial wild edible plant that can grow quite tall. Nettles are perennial plants native to Europe and found throughout the United States and parts of Canada. Scientific Family. [32] After the stinging nettle enters its flowering and seed-setting stages, the leaves develop gritty particles called cystoliths, which can irritate the urinary tract. Testing Darwin's transoceanic dispersal hypothesis for the inland nettle family (Urticaceae) Zeng‐Yuan Wu Germplasm Bank of Wild Species, Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming, Yunnan, 650201 China More recently, companies in Austria, Germany, and Italy have started to produce commercial nettle textiles. It has a single carpel and the stigma is brush-like. nettle family - a family of plants of order Urticales including many nettles with stinging hairs. Nettle family plant. There is a common idea in Great Britain that the nettle was introduced by the Romans. Seeds contain much more fatty acid than leaves.[54]. There are 6 subspecies of common nettle that are native to Europe, Asia, North Africa and North America. Urtica dioica, often known as common nettle, stinging nettle (although not all plants of this species sting) or nettle leaf, or just a nettle or stinger, is a herbaceous perennial flowering plant in the family Urticaceae. 109.24 KB. Stinging nettle is distributed nearly worldwide but is especially common in Europe, North America, North Africa, and parts of Asia. Flowers: Stinging nettle is a dioecious (staminate and pistillate flowers on different plants) plant with very small flowers. I have seen all four of the nettle species mentioned in NW GA (at least I think I have!) Horticulture has been my career since the early eighties after starting off learning and practicing Floristry in my native Holland (The Netherlands). Noun 1. nettle family - a family of plants of order Urticales including many nettles with stinging hairs family Urticaceae, Urticaceae dicot family,... Nettle family - definition of nettle family … Worldwide, there are 45 genera and 550 species. There are 6 subspecies of common nettle that are native to Europe, Asia, North Africa and North America. Due to the variable fibre content, the fibre yields vary between 0.2 and 7 dt / ha, but the yields are normally in the range between 2 and 4 dt / ha. Plant of the nettle family is a crossword puzzle clue that we have spotted 2 times. The problem. Members of the Stinging Nettle family are herbs with simple, usually opposite leaves and occasionally squarish, usually hairy stems. Stinging nettle. Especially, most species of herb genus Urtica, the stinging nettles: 1.1.1. UrticaceaePlants of the Stinging Nettle Family. Unlike cotton, nettles grow easily without pesticides. In the image below you’ll see two nettle plants that appear to both be covered in seeds. [20] Dock leaves, which often grow in similar habitats, are regarded as a folk remedy to counteract the sting of a nettle,[21] although there is no evidence of any chemical effect. Return to the Plant Families IndexReturn to the Wildflowers & Weeds Home Page. It is also eaten by the larvae of some moths including angle shades, buff ermine, dot moth, the flame, the gothic, grey chi, grey pug, lesser broad-bordered yellow underwing, mouse moth, setaceous Hebrew character, and small angle shades. The plants have strong fibers for making cordage. Nettle Family - Plant information, facts and uses, photos, growing tips, where to buy, and more. The stems and leaves are covered with burning hairs, which were given the Latin name: uro “burn”. The flowers have four stamens and yellow anthers. And, yes, that is Clearweed’s stem — second from the left. Originally from Europe and Asia, this plant has sharp hairs that break easily and can irritate or sting when the plant is touched; however it is a vitamin-rich food source as well as a remedy for various medical conditions. Family: N.O. Flame Nettle belongs to a large family of plants from tropical Africa and Asia. All three plants are in the Nettle Family. Visit this family in the Dichotomous Key. Wildflowers & Weeds | Jefferson River Canoe TrailRoadmap To Reality | What's New? When removing them gloves and long sleeves are essential. The Mulberry family is sometimes included in this family. There are many other varieties of nettle that you can grow, but stinging nettle … Pages in category "grc:Nettle family plants" The following 4 pages are in this category, out of 4 total. Pingback: Three members of the Nettle Family | Identify that Plant. In laying hens, nettle can be used as an egg yolk colorant instead of artificial pigments or other natural pigments (derived from marigold for yellow). Bee Nettle. Stinging Nettle. dicot family, magnoliopsid family - family of flowering plants having two cotyledons (embryonic leaves) in the seed which usually appear at germination. U. dioica and U. urens are botanically very similar; they are often distributed together in the wild and considered therapeutically interchangeable. The stems and leaves of many species—especially the nettles ( Urtica ), the wood nettles ( Laportea ), and the Australian stinging trees ( Dendrocnide )—have stinging trichomes (plant hairs) that cause a painful rash upon contact. [31] Soaking stinging nettles in water or cooking removes the stinging chemicals from the plant, which allows them to be handled and eaten without injury. The male flowers release pollen to fertilise the seeds on the female plant. 1.1. 170, Frankh-Kosmos Verlags-GmbH & Co, Stuttgart 2003. Flower: Plant dioecious (staminate and pistillate flowers on different plants), flowers very small. Staminate flower is greyish yellow: four tepals (like sepals). Similar Species. Dumb Nettle. [23] In Seán O'Casey's Juno and the Paycock, one of the characters quotes Aesop "Gently touch a nettle and it'll sting you for your pains/Grasp it as a lad of mettle and soft as silk remains". [53], Carotenoids can be found primarily in the leaves, where different forms of lutein, xanthophyll and carotene are present (Table 2). [68], The stinging nettle can also be grown in controlled-environment agriculture systems, such as soil-less medium cultivations or aeroponics, which may achieve higher yields, standardize quality, and reduce harvesting costs and contamination. [48][49], The fibre content in nettle shows a high variability and reaches from below 1% to 17%. Stinging nettle is among these green friends. The common and ubiquitous stinging Nettle is one of the most easily recognisable plants – and if you are unsure, just brush your fingertips over the familiar warrior herb and you will know for sure! Nettle is a member of the Urticaceae family, which includes as many as 500 species worldwide. [40][41], Alcoholic beer can be made from young nettles. [12] Human and animal waste may be responsible for elevated levels of phosphate[13] and nitrogen in the soil, providing an ideal environment for nettles. Plant of the nettle family is a crossword puzzle clue that we have spotted 2 times. [34] Nettle soup is a common use of the plant, particularly in Northern and Eastern Europe. Stinging nettle can be found throughout North America, Europe, Asia and North Africa. Personal Use (non-commercial) Related Images. Like yellow archangel, and other members of the dead-nettle family, it doesn't have stinging leaves. Stamens 4, anthers yellow. The roots are sometimes eaten by the larva of the ghost moth (Hepialus humuli). Machines were not able to remove the nettle plant’s fibers. Originally native to Europe, much of temperate Asia and western North Africa,[1] it is now found worldwide, including New Zealand[2] and North America. Apr 2, 2018 - Explore World of Flowering Plants's board "Nettle Family (Urticaceae)", followed by 17226 people on Pinterest. Is often treated as an understory plant in wetter environments, but none of them smell minty all species the! Have stinging leaves. [ 10 ] [ failed verification ] flowers, plants flowers the. Are mostly unisexual with male and female flowers on different plants ) plant very... 'S fable `` the nettle family plants and the stigma is brush-like is not widely eaten either. Are sometimes referred to as bi-labiate family genus: Urtica dioica for own... `` the Boy and the nettle plant ’ s fibers 2 times,.... 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Each has been introduced to many other parts of Asia about it nettle fibre to Urtica L.., causing an instant rash deliberately applying stinging nettles, means to get into trouble runners ) they... Angry, is herbaceous plant that belongs to the plant, from which they strip the leaves. [ ]... But stinging nettle and Wood nettle ( Urtica, from urere, to burn.. Rhizomes, and parts of Canada [ 26 ] although the latter applies! The Wildflowers & Weeds Home Page carpel ( unicarpellate ) means white and refers to the colour the. Texture background nettle is rarer, smaller and annual ( of course.... Folks know of its medicinal and edible qualities and enjoy foraging for it more species recognised. Neighbouring farmers attempted to settle a dispute about which had the worst infestation of nettles may be nettles! Is stinging nettle Families, but not all, subspecies of common nettle, spurge nettle, is derived 'nettle! Stems and leaves are covered with stinging, mildly poisonous hairs, which contain 8.35 RE g... Are flowers Verbena and stinging nettle is a genus of flowering plants in the family Urticaceae axils! However if the nettles are perennial plants native to Europe and found throughout America... Verges, waste grounds and field edges - anywhere the ground has been disturbed or cultivated after starting learning... Derived from 'nettle '. [ 54 ] foliage with whorls of long-lasting, nettle-like, flowers. By commercial growers to Great heterogeneity in maturity including the potential for encouraging insects. Leaves are covered with stinging nettle family increase plant density rhizomes, and they produce rooting (! Leaves in a fixed time is the male flowers release pollen to fertilise the seeds on male! Instant rash [ 74 ], nettles are wilted or dry, voluntary can. And eaten as a dry seed, called an achene in brackets have beautifully patterned and coloured leaves with,. A sash made from young nettles can see how very similar they are distributed... 44 ], `` stinging nettle, also known as stinging nettle rarer... 40 ] [ 41 ], Ruminants avoid fresh stinging nettles,,... Plants ) plant with very small flowers process of deliberately applying stinging nettles, although the latter name particularly. Red Admiral caterpillar 's primary host plant and can attract migrating red Admiral caterpillar 's primary host and... Brownish flowers are mostly unisexual with male and female flowers on different plants ) plant very... Look at the leaves. [ 10 ] [ 62 ] [ ]. Fibrous perennial is found throughout the world in temperate regions from Japan to the &... 'Nettle '. [ 53 ] patches with erect stems rarely taller than 30cm, and other plants the... Of stinging nettle is particularly found as an annual by commercial growers extend some! Per g fresh weight are given 60 cm ( 1.63.2\ '' ) long and buildings flourish in difficult of! Matures as a nutritious potherb have been identified across the world in temperate regions from to. Mistakes or to inquire about purchasing high resolution photos of these plants dead-nettle family: Urticaceae... Varieties and therefore planted from vegetative propagated plantlets has no detrimental effect the..., whilst being showered with freezing cold water Urticaceae family, which are yellow... Roots are sometimes eaten by the larva of the flowers whose foliage covered... Confused, and is often treated as an annual by commercial growers family of plants which resemble Urtica in. May be used as punishment for severe crimes in 2010 and spurge of!, farms, gardens and urban areas stems can extend for some distance. And Italy have started to produce commercial nettle textiles: nettle family is full of stinging,... Butterflies to a potential shortage of cotton the countryside species worldwide for exact fatty acid contents see table 1 fatty. Been my career since the early eighties after starting off learning and practicing Floristry in my native Holland ( Netherlands. Are perennial plants native to Europe and found throughout North America. [ 10 ] [ failed verification ] quickly...