The English settlers vowed to retaliate against the American Indians, and on August 25, Massachusetts raised a … Mason, "A Supplement Concerning The Warr With the Pequods," 2:119. Henceforth [until King Philip's War] there was no combination of Indian tribes that could seriously threaten the English. This, During the Civil War, they had to have many medicines, operations, and surgeries done to themselves or others in order to survive (Jenny Goellnitz, Paragraph 1). Of all of the soldiers who fought in the Revolutionary War only a few thousand ever received their pensions. Indian slaves and household servants appear on census rolls and court records well into the 18th century.” (Newell 2001, paragraph 14). As noted historian Alden T. Vaughan wrote in his book New England Frontier: Puritans and Indians 1620–1675: "The effect of the Pequot War … Famous among the battles fought during the war was the massacre at Mystic. Capt. Tensions came to a head in July 1636 when a dishonest trader named John Oldham, was killed by the Pequot. Pequot and Narragansett battle periodically during this time. A law was passed by the Pilgrims stating that disabled soldiers would be supported by the colony. The effects of these wars lowered the social position of the Indians, as well as significantly lowered the population of both sides fighting the wars. Identify Cause and Effect Discuss the causes and effects if the Pequot War on the American Indian population in New England. The primary cause of the Pequot War was the struggle to control trade. Steven T. Katz, "The Pequot War Reconsidered", in New England Quarterly, 64:2 [June, 1991], 213 n. 24. However, it is what happened before the Pequot War that truly gives light to why it happened. John Mason led English, Mohegan, and Narragansett warriors in an attack on the main fortified Pequot village on the site of modern-day Mystic, Connecticut. The Narragansetts and Mohegans willingly joined with the settlers in the war against the Pequots. The Pequot War was an armed conflict that took place between 1636 and 1638 in New England between the Pequot tribe and an alliance of the colonists of the Massachusetts Bay, Plymouth, and Saybrook colonies and their allies from the Narragansett and Mohegan tribes. © 2020 Education Expert, All rights reserved. The story of the Pequot War is an American story, a key element in our colonial history. The war was the culmination of numerous conflicts between the colonists and the Indians including property disputes, livestock damaging Indian crops, competition over hunting grounds, the selling of alcohol to Indians, and dishonest traders. The Puritans were being treated lamentably in Europe, but they still stood up for religious liberation. The Pequot war was on May 26, 1637. Dutch – Pequot War is fought in the Connecticut River Valley. History states, “On June 5, Captain Mason attacked another Pequot village, this one near present-day Stonington, and again the Indian inhabitants were defeated and massacred. 2. The Dutch because they wanted to set up a fur trade, and it was right on the water for easy access. Lion Gardiner in the Pequot War from a Charles Stanley Reinhart drawing circa 1890. The causes of the Pequot War is that both the dutch-Pequot and the English wanted control of the fur trade. [What were the causes and consequences of the Pequot War? This created a potentially volatile situation. During the early 17th century, approximately 8,000 Pequot lived within a 250-square-mile territory in southeastern Connecticut defined by the present towns of Groton, Ledyard, Stonington, and North Stonington and the southern portions of Preston and Griswold. May 26. What is the Pequot war? 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