Without a large surgical percentage, we have to be very creative at expanding the envelope of discrepancy… The envelope of discrepancy denotes the limits of orthodontic treatment possible with different modalities, namely orthodontics alone or orthodontics with orthopaedics and surgical correction. Orthodontic treatment goals can be divided into five categories: facial esthetics, dental esthetics, functional occlusion, periodontal health, and stability. IMPLANTS IN ORTHODONTICS 1. 3) Could orthodontic-surgical treatment result in … 7 Surgery preferred over Orthodontic Camouflage for; o Long Vertical Facial pattern o Moderate or severe antero-posterior jaw discrepancy o Crowding >4-6 mm o Exaggerated features … 2. In the diagram in image 2, the ideal position of the incisal edge of the central incisor is in the center, and the dimensions of the envelope around that position (dotted line) … orthodontic therapy without considering surgical cor-rection as 12a treatment option. To assess whether concomitant particulate bone grafting makes a difference in the ability to safely orthodontically reposition teeth outside the bony envelope after corticotomy. Proffit and White developed an “envelope of discrepancy” for the jaws, describing the limits of orthodontic tooth movement alone and the limits of change possible with a treatment plan including both orthodontics and orthognathic sur … The envelope of discrepancy outlines the limits of hard tissue change toward ideal occlusion . In this model, they suggested 2 and 5 mm as the maximum amounts of forward orthodontic … Material and methods. The amount and range of movement possible can be evaluated from Epker’s envelope of of discrepancies. CONTENTS • Introduction • Definition • Evolution and history • Envelope of discrepancy • Terminology and basic concepts • Osseointegration • Biologic aspects of mini implants • Stability … The limits vary both by the tooth movement that would be needed (teeth can be moved further in some directions … 2) Are the orthodontic movements required in excess of the envelope of discrepancy so that adequate orthodontic correction may not be achieved? Guidelines for this are provided by the “envelope of discrepancy” (image 2). [] Nevertheless, when a severe skeletal deformity exists in non-growing teen and adult patients with significant skeletal jaw discrepancy, the goals of treatment are often impossible to achieve by orthodontics … Founded by Dr. Bob Fry in 1977 as part of a larger group, it split off as a thriving single-doctor practice in 1987. Proffit and White 12 developed an “envelope of discrepancy” for the jaws, describing the limits of orthodontic tooth movement alone and the limits of change possible with a treatment plan including both orthodontics and orthognathic surgery. To assess whether concomitant particulate bone grafting makes a difference in the ability to safely orthodontically reposition teeth outside the bony envelope after corticotomy. Consider the distance that incisor teeth can be repositioned orthodontically. Treatment of different patients addressing their orthodontic problems (specially vertical problems) are presented in this chapter. Retrospective analysis of patients who underwent corticotomy as part of their orthodontic therapy for treatment of … envelope of orthodontic tooth movement has well increased and less emphasis needs to be placed upon patient s compliance. Material and methods Retrospective analysis of patients who underwent corticotomy as part of their orthodontic therapy for treatment of … ORTHODONTIC MINI IMPLANTS Dr Mohd Osman Ali IIIrd year PG Dept Of Orthodontics 2. Fry Orthodontic Specialists is an expanding, multi-office practice in the Kansas City metropolitan area. 6 Envelope of Discrepancy 7. Patients and methods 2.1 Case 1: T.P. With the advent of TAD (Temporary anchorage devices), the possibili-