For a password to be difficult to crack, it should be chosen randomly from a large set, or “space,” of possibilities. http://openwall.info/wiki/john/benchmarks#John-the-Ripper-benchmarks, https://www.d.umn.edu/~gshute/arch/performance-equation.xhtml#example, https://www.pugetsystems.com/labs/articles/Estimating-CPU-Performance-using-Amdahls-Law-619/, http://csrc.nist.gov/archive/pki-twg/y2003/presentations/twg-03-05.pdf, http://money.cnn.com/2014/05/28/technology/security/hack-data-breach/, http://gizmodo.com/the-25-most-popular-passwords-of-2015-were-all-such-id-1753591514, http://www.geekwire.com/2016/5-information-security-resolutions-you-cant-afford-to-ignore/, http://www.ucl.ac.uk/media/library/blinking, http://lightning.nsstc.nasa.gov/primer/primer2.html. Passwords that are easily guessed (and remembered) are not recommended under any circumstances. Enter a word (not your current password) and drag the slider to select a year to find out how long it would take for someone to crack the term if it were your password. Also very important when talking about password security is not to use actual dictionary words. Hold down shift and go from ! Using processor data collected from Intel and John the Ripper benchmarks, we calculated keys per second (number of password keys attempted per second in a brute-force attack) of typical personal computers from 1982 to today. How long would it take to crack my password: (Includes letters and numbers, no upper- or lower-case and no symbols) 6 characters: 2.25 billion possible combinations. That means they use something like scrypt, bcrypt, PBKDF2, or basically anything OWASP recommends. You’ve been hacked – so what should you do? So, even if you use a very secure set of characters, your password should be at least 10 characters long. Consider using a password generator in order to get a complex password with no discernible pattern to help thwart password crackers. We all know our passwords probably aren't as safe as they should be (looking at you, people who have used their pet's name plus their birthdate for the last 10 years) — but would it take a hacker nine months to guess yours, or 25 seconds? Your login history looks odd. All of this is done in your browser so your password never gets sent back to our server. By taking a few steps to enhance your password, you can exponentially minimize the risk of a breach. Simply start typing in your password and the form will tell you about how long it would take a brute force attack to get into your personal business. "Dame Edna Everage. Over the years, passwords weaken dramatically as technologies evolve and hackers become increasingly proficient. So while *in theory* it may take 1903 centuries, in reality, against a computer with barely enough RAM to run Windows 7 well, it doesn't take long at all. However, it’s not as simple as swapping your “e” for a “3” or adding a number at the end of a string of letters. CyberSecurity experts have analyzed password patterns and have created a matrix that can tell how long hackers would need to crack your password and the results are enlightening. You may want to think again. Add just one more character (“abcdefgh”) and that time increases to five hours. The other tool I used is called Passfault Analyzer (labeled PA in the table below) and it uses all sorts of methods for determining how secure your password is. First, recover your email account, and change your password (use our guidelines to formulate a strong one). You have a pile of bounce-back messages in your inbox and a bunch of strange messages in your sent box. When one member left it behind at church, it somehow got into the hands of, let’s call him a “less devout” person, and it wasn’t long … GFLOPS/Encryption Constant (gathered and calculated from John the Ripper benchmarks). Although it does not collect or store your passwords, you should avoid using your current password. One tool, called Passfault Analyzer, predicts how long it will take to crack a given password. Note. Five years later, in 2009, the cracking time drops to four months. Try our password generator. Combining numbers and letters rather than sticking with one type of character dramatically enhances password security. If you enter a password not on the word list, the cracking time will not be affected. Finally, notify your contacts in case emails sent from your account have compromised their information too. This tool works by cycling through a word list containing common words and passwords and then evaluating other factors such as character types. How does password strength change over time? Try to make your passwords a minimum of 14 characters. When doing so, please attribute the authors by providing a link back to this page and Better Buys, so your readers can learn more about this project and the related research. Inject a mix of lowercase and uppercase letters, numbers, and symbols (think @, %, and #), and your password can be secure for more than a decade. There are online calculators that claim to tell you how long it would take a computer to crack your password. Those were all cracked almost instantly. And with more and more businesses storing their information in the cloud and using SaaS solutions like business intelligence and hr software platforms, keeping your information safe becomes even more important. By 2016, the same password could be decoded in just over two months. "Never be afraid to laugh at yourself, after all, you could be missing out on the joke of the century. Whenever you need to log into a website, you just need to enter a single master password, and the password manager will input the appropriate stored password on your behalf. In a so-called “dictionary attack,” a password cracker will utilize a word list of common passwords to discern the right one. Find out right here. When it comes to passwords, one thing is certain: Size matters. You can turn the “word list” function on or off as you test passwords. Using the Password Strength Tool and entering a 16 character password of !QAZ2wsx#EDC4rfv says it would take 5 trillion years to crack. Adding a single character to a password boosts its security exponentially. There is a reason that websites require combinations of numbers and letters, upper and lowercase, and special characters. 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