Comments Required. Hygrophila stricta/corymbosa, showing emersed leaves. A Hygrophila Corymbosa ‘Stricta’ é uma variedade que possui folhas grandes, mas relativamente mais finas que a Hygrophila corymbosa. Name Required. Stems glabrous, richly branched, erect, up to 5 mm wide. Philipp. Hygrophila corymbosa “longifolia” – zielone liście, do 30 cm i szerokości nie większej niż 2 … Sooner, the plant gives off a more compact bushy appearance. Plant Finder Home--> / --> Hygrophila corymbosa 'Stricta' Image. Latin Name: Hygrophila Corymbosa Stricta. Your email address will not be published. Hygrophila Compact is an EASY low growing aquarium plant AS OF 9.1 These are Slightly discounted as they have LESS leaves on the lower portions. It is a fast growing plant that must be pruned frequently. Scientific name: Hygrophila corymbosa. Hygrophila corymbosa Stricta is also suitable for open top aquaria where it likes to pierce the water surface to set beautiful blue flowers. Hygrophila corymbosa 'Stricta' - Plant It! Accessed: 2018 Jun. Tutte le forme di H.corymbosa sono piante a fusto di rapida crescita e molto indicate per l’acquario. Hygrophila difformis (wisteria) Narrow-leafed Hygrophila. The giant hygro is a stem plant that exhibits an array of coloration from dark green to pink that can eventually turn to magenta. Synoniem: Justicia stricta; Nomaphila stricta. Hygrophila corymbosa is introduced into the United States.. H. costata is introduced into Australia. It can also produce dainty purple flowers when health is at its best. Area/height: Background up to 50cm. However, under normal light, the plant is green. Hobbyists also contribute to its reproduction while the plant is in captivity under their care. Hygrophila corymbosa. Generally speaking, most hygraphila are super easy plants to keep. Hygrophila cordata RED Sometimes I order plants just because they sound cool and I have no idea what they are. It can thrive in low-tech setups as long as it has moderate to (preferably) high lighting. It comes from swampy places in Southeast Asia and grows above and under water. Hygrophila corymbosa is an undemanding starter plant that originates from Asia. Tropica: Hygrophila corymbosa "Stricta" in der Überwasserform im Handel, Blätter weich und glatt, oliv grün bis blau grün, länglich eiförmig bis lanzettlich, bis etwa 10 cm lang und 3,5 cm breit, Blattränder glatt Underwater landscaping is an enjoyable yet an effortful hobby of which it can be difficult from the start but minimal work in the long run. Hygrophila corymbosa is an undemanding starter plant that originates from Asia. Photos and video still by Erik Olson. This broad-leaved form of Hygrophila corymbosa is long known in the aquarium hobby, also known as Temple plant, Nomaphila corymbosa and Hygrophila stricta. Je to zakrslá forma původní rostliny Hygrophila corymbosa. > Aquascaping > Plantes > Plante In Vitro > Hygrophila corymbosa 'Stricta' - Plant It! New shoots will spread from the stem and make the plant look bushier. Der Kirschblatt Riesenwasserfreund - Hygrophila corymbosa Der Kirschblatt-Riesenwasserfreund ist eine Pflanze für das Aquarium, die sich durch ihr schnelles Wachstum sehr gut eignet, um den Hintergrund zu … The leaves are a dark brownish-green, when the plant leaves the nursery, but after a transitional period in the aquarium they … Missouri Botanical Garden. Like a lot of aquatic herb and stem species, this plant can also grow in emersed or submerged forms. Also known as ‘Cherry Leaf’ Additional Information: Hardy plant that will survive almost any environment. You can trim the excesses for much orderly stand and let the trimmings grow new roots as is. Agrandir l'image Imprimer 5,85 € TTC Ajouter au panier Ajouter à … Hygrophila corymbosa. Door de snelle groei moet hij regelmatig gesnoeid worden. Galerie > Akvarijní rostliny. A Hygrophila Stricta, também conhecida como Hygrophila Compact, é uma planta de grande porte que cresce bem de baixa luz em aquários de baixa manutenção. The hygrophila corymbosa siamensis is a stem plant that you can easily recognize because of its long, slim leaves which are lanceolate up to the tip. Hygrophila corymbosa. Recommended temperature: 20 - 28 °C (68 - 82.4°F) Usual maximum size in aquariums: 25 - 70 cm (9.84 - 27.56 inch) 0 14. L'Hygrophila corymbosa est une magnifique plante très robuste qui a toute sa place dans l'aquarium même si elle peut être cultivée émergée. Global Biodiversity Information Facility. Hygrophila corymbosa of in het Nederlands Reuze Hygrophila is een plant die weinig eisen stelt en afkomstig is uit Azië. Garantierte Dauertiefpreise, Beratung und Service bei HORNBACH. Hygrophila corymbosa “siamensis small form” jest podobna do poprzedniej, ale liście osiagają do 10 cm długości, a łodyga z różowego do jasno czerwonego koloru. As the best starter plants could be the immersed type, the submersed ones are more pleasing to the view. Tingkat Kesulitan: Sangat Mudah; Suhu: 18 - 30 °C A rich substrate is always a must; that is a rule of thumb. This plant will provide nectar and pollen for bees and the many other types of pollinating insects. Take note that after pruning, the side shoots won’t take time to appear. Its leaves are vibrant green, but they can turn darker if exposed to heavy light. It is low-demand, and low-light. Common Name - Giant mint , tank placement - background. Maintenance for these plants is just natural because it is not a demanding species. As long as there is an equilibrium for all the biota in your small environment, including fish and aquatic plants as tank mates, there is a very slim chance that this temple plant will not survive. 1904. Hoofdmenu. The art of aquaculture is a rewarding hobby, even if you are a beginner or an experienced one. In the aquarium it will spread fast and create bright green, long and wide leaves. Hygrophila corymbosa. H. polysperma "sunset", top view Published on the internet. A simple plant like Hygrophila Corymbosa can create a magnificent underwater view when in equilibrium with other aquatic plant and fish species. It can thrive in low-tech setups as long as it has moderate to high lighting. https://tropica.com/en/plants/plantdetails/Hygrophilacorymbosa(053BDT)/4490, https://shop.plantedaquariumscentral.com/Hygrophila-corymbosa-Giant-hygro-Temple-plant-NITRATE-BUSTER_p_111.html, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hygrophila_corymbosa, http://www.aquahobby.com/garden/e_corymbosa.php, http://users.kent.net/~lisab/Hygrophilacorymbosa.html, Previous Post« Ludwigia Palustris Beginner's Guide, Your email address will not be published. Light: High - Medium. Adventive distribution. Hygrophila polysperma. Nieuwe vertakkingen ontspruiten uit de stam en laten de plant er voller uitzien. One of our best selling plants is Hygrophila difformis aka water wisteria. In our high tech tanks this plant takes over very quickly, and is excellent at keeping the water column clean. Although not as common in the hobby as the 'siamensis' and 'stricta' forms of H. corymbosa , this desirable stem plant can be easily obtained through trading with other hobbyists. Botanical description: Perennial, very variable mud plant. When I Hygrophila corymbosa 'Siamensis' is a thinner leaved variety of Hygrophila corymbosa. Hygrophila, commonly known as swampweeds, is a genus of flowering plants in the acanthus family, Acanthaceae.There are about 80 to 100 species, of which many are aquatic plants.The genus is distributed across the tropical and subtropical world. Hygrophila Minima najdete také v: akvarijní rostliny podle formy růstu; The harmony it will create is just soothing to one’s sight. Occasionally, the leaves may turn to pink, red or purple depending on the plant’s reaction to the intensity of light. Hygrophila Corymbosa stricta blue Planta de tallo recomendable para principiantes, de fácil mantenimiento. Likewise, stunting problems may occur in fast-growing plant species if some macronutrient is too low. Willow Hygro (Hygrophila corymbosa "Augustifolia") is a very hardy, attractive stem plant with narrow leaves that sway in the water current. Blue Hygro (Hygrophila salicifolia) is a very hardy, attractive stem plant that develops a blue tint to its leaves. In all its simplicity, the plant exudes a brilliant green color, the dominant color in the aquascape. Some of the most famous ones are Stricta, Crispa, Gracilis, Glabra, Aroma, Strigosa, Angustifolia, Fine Leaf, Willow Leaf, Compacta, Red. The temple plant is a fast-growing species when maintained in a suitable environment; therefore, the plant can easily be dense as it takes on its cycle in a shorter period. Plante pour grands aquariums sobre et adaptée à presque toutes les conditions. Finally, nothing compares with the green; the Hygrophila Corymbosa which when mixed with other colorful aquatic plant species can offer a calming, relaxing sight when viewed near or far. angustifolia et Hygrophila corymbosa var. It is included in an evolving list … Tropical Aquarium / Fish Tank Plants for Sale, CO2 Sets, Fertilisers, and more - Aqua Essentials Hygrophila corymbosa thailands [P2020972] - Hygrophila corymbosa 'Thailand' orignated from.....you guessed it, Thailand. 804. Required fields are marked *. Kirschblatt-Riesenwasserfreund, Hygrophila corymbosa Stricta, Topf. Ces variétés émergent facilement, leurs feuilles d'un vert clair, mesurent quelques centimètres de long et moins d'un centimètre de large, elles sont lancéolées et opposées sur une tige rigide de grande taille jusqu'à 30 ou 70 cm de haut. Tipiche di climi tropicali, Indonesia, Malesia, Africa. Hygrophila corymbosa (Blume) Lindau, 1895. Recommended water hardness (dGH): 4 - 12°N (71.43 - 214.29ppm) 0°C 32°F 30°C 86°F. Anglicky: starhorn, Green Temple, Thai Stricta. この図鑑の使い方はこちらで確認出来ます。「光量」「水質」などの考え方をまとめてありますので合わせてご覧くださいませ。, ラージリーフハイグロ・ナローリーフHygrophila corymbosa ‘Stricta’, ボリュームはありますが、葉がシャープなので圧迫感が無く、レイアウトに取り入れやすい水草ですね。, この記事が気に入ったらボタンをプッシュ!「ブログ村」「ブログランキング」のポイントが加算され記事執筆のモチベが上がります!, Ordinary-Aquariumで「水草水槽の知識」を中心に記事を書いています。 It is one of only two genera in its family that contains aquatic plants, the other being Justicia. Slovensky: morkanka vzpriamená. 'Stricta'. When underwater you have the option to place it in the middle or as a giant massive bush in the background, therefore a lot of aquarium hobbyists would prefer full-leafed forms that are not compact. I am sorry about the date changes. 38. Hygrophila corymbosa is a famous aquarium plant that has large green leaves. We always believe that green refreshes tired eyes. Citation: HYGROPHILA CORYMBOSA (Blume) Lindau, in Perkins, Fragm. ニューラージリーフハイグロ. They are healthier and have the possibility of growing up to 24 inches when grown in its natural habitat. Forms numerous side shoots, enhancing the compact appearance. For tank mates and assortment with other aquatic plants, you can join in Cryptocoryne and some cyprinid schooling fish species like T. heteromorphy rasboras or Trigonostigma espei. Die Pflanze gedeiht bei einer Wassertemperatur kann zwischen 20 und 30 Celsius. No need to register, buy now! The Hygrophila, Temple Narrow Leaf with its thick stems and broad bright green leaves that can reach a length of 5" underwater, the Hygrophila corymbosa plant makes a unique addition to a freshwater planted aquarium. La famiglia delle Acanthaceae è composto da circa 250 generi con 2500 specie di piante erbacee, arbustive o lianose. Somehow, the plant tends to show signs of deficiency in iron, like when grown in high light and its veins and the surrounding tissue turn yellowish instead of maintaining a bright green color. The plant naturally grows as an emergent, but it can survive long periods fully submerged. Family: Acanthaceae. 2019. Fl. Non taillée elle émerge facilement formant au-dessus de l'eau des feuilles vertes sombres et donne de jolies fleurs bleues. © 2020 Ordinary-Aquarium All rights reserved. It produces continuously on its own, creating baby staghorn contributing further to the plant’s density. Od výchozí formy se liší velmi krátkými lodyžními články. Hygrophila corymbosa 'Stricta' Join the RHS today and get 12 months for the price of 9. Reaching heights of up to 50cm, this fast growing plant produces beautiful lilac flowers. Le foglie sono generalmente semplici, opposte decussate, intere o a volte dentate, la stipola manca. Hygrophila polysperma ``sunset'' Photos and video still by Erik Olson. Hygrophila corymbosa siamensis/stricta (potted) Rating Required. In the aquarium it will spread fast and create bright green, long and wide leaves. 19. Since the hygrophila corymbosa siamensis plant can grow fast, it is vital to keep it well-maintained, trimmed and nourished with extra nitrite, nitrate, and ammonia plus an additional injection of CO2. 1826. Der Breitblättrige Riesenwasserfreund ist schon lange im Aquarienhobby bekannt, auch unter den Namen Großes Kirschblatt, Nomaphila corymbosa und Hygrophila stricta. When you try to find one in the marketplace or local store, be aware that this plant has many variants. Mokřanka Minima - Hygrophila corymbosa Minima. It is a fast growing plant that must be pruned frequently. Willow Hygro is a very elegant plant that is excellent for the aquarium background in both low-tech and high-tech setups with adequate lighting! Everything will pay off when you can view the fruit of your labor, a well-planted and highly conceptualized aquarium that your passion calls for. In strong light and closer to the surface, the leaves turn pink to reddish to the color of the cherry. They are just starting to show the pink and coloration from green. We were relocating, and in the middle of it, when the company helping me relocate said they could not work anymore due to COVID 19 because they were non-essential workers and would be back in a couple of weeks. Hygrophila corymbosa "angustifolia" is a narrow-leaved variety of the highly variable species H. corymbosa. Tweet; Email; The colour of the leaves varies from light-green to red-brown at high light intensities. Usual maximum size in aquariums: 15 - 40 cm (5.91 - 15.75 inch) 0 14. Der Riesen-Wasserfreund (Hygrophila corymbosa) ist eine Sumpfpflanze aus der Familie der Akanthusgewächse (Acanthaceae). Available ₹4.00. Last-listed in the RHS Plant Finder in 2018. Hier kaufen. Wetenschappelijke naam: Hygrophila corymbosa. The report has it they know the plant to combat the spread of algae and has a property of absorbing nitrates and ammonium. Zůstává proto nízká a nevyrůstá nad hladinu. Čeleď: Also, this plant arrives looking somewhat different than in the photo. When in the open wild, and partially submerged, the Hygrophila Corymbosa can produce pink to purple flowers. Possibly these are all variants of the same species. STILL HEALTHIER than anything you would get elsewhere.... just not as full at the lower level. Why not purchase a simple yet attractive plant like the staghorn? There seems to be some confusion in literature between the names Hygrophila corymbosa, Hygrophila stricta and Nomaphila stricta. The colour of the leaves varies from light-green to red-brown at high light intensities. You can also replant the cuttings by terraced grouping as in Asian-themed aquarium depicting its biotope. Hygrophila Corymbosa is indigenous to selected countries of Southeast Asia like Malaysia, Thailand, Singapore, Indonesia, and India. Find the perfect hygrophila stock photo. (In addition to one form, the whole plant is glabrous.) The giant hygro is a modest choice for novice aquarium enthusiasts. Hygrophila corymbosa ‘stricta’ Potted Plants. Er stammt von sumpfigen Standorten in Südostasien und kann sowohl über als auch unter Wasser wachsen. Hygrophila corymbosa, or ”temple plant” (in this case the sTricia variant), is an easy species to keep. Tiene grandes hojas y crece incluso cuando no dispone de muchos nutrientes. corymbosa berasal dari tempat-tempat rawa di Asia Tenggara dan tumbuh di atas dan di bawah air.. Perawatan Hygrophila corymbosa. However, it is not endemic or just limited to its defined geographic zone in Asia because it also grows in the USA and Mexico, where they say it to be exotic and unique. Comment document.getElementById("comment").setAttribute( "id", "aa5f61dd4ddaf5810309c0eb11a244fe" );document.getElementById("f4cd688aa5").setAttribute( "id", "comment" ); Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. BHL bibliography; Hygrophila corymbosa - Taxon details on Encyclopedia of Life (EOL). In het aquarium groeit hij al snel helder groene, lange en brede bladeren. The genus is distributed across the tropical and subtropical world. It would need a lot of hours at first, but in the long run, you only need regular pruning. In aquaristics, it is not as widely spread as the related H. corymbosa varietys "siamensis" and "stricta". I rolled the dice with this one and it came up yahtzee! The hygrophila corymbosa siamensis is a stem plant that you can easily recognize because of its long, slim leaves which are lanceolate up to the tip. Moderate to intense illumination when in a tank, Total exposure to sunlight when in the wild. Temperature: 22 - 28oC. Its leaves are vibrant green, but they can turn darker if exposed to heavy light. Hygrophila corymbosa yang berdaun lebar ini sudah lama dikenal di kalangan hobby akuarium, juga dikenal dengan sebutan tanaman Temple, Nomaphila corymbosa dan Hygrophila stricta.H. Any pruned stem may be buried in the gravel and will readily generate a new plant. Description; We take pride in our plants & we only ship immaculate plants! Type: It is native to South East Asia, but is grown worldwide in tropical aquariums. We are excited to offer you the finest quality plants, an expert crafted selection of … Especially potassium deficiency leads to perforated older leaves in Hygrophilas. siamensis sont très populaire dans le monde aquariophile. Hygrophila corymbosa Stricta is an unpretentious plant suitable for large aquaria. Either which way you can plant it deep in the substrate; partially submerged or floating on the water surface. Join now. This stem plant is easily propagated by cuttings. Hygrophila corymbosa 'angustifolia' can be found growing both emersed and submersed in or along slow to fast flowing waters throughout southeast Asia. The reaction will delight you when in a short time, the colored green leaves will transform into hues of bronze. Les deux variétés Hygrophila corymbosa var. 水槽サイズは小型水槽でも可能ですが、中型から大型水槽に適した水草です。. Narrow Leaf Temple as it is sometimes referred to in the trade, is a strong growing aquarium plant that is best suited for the background areas. Sostanzialmente non richiedono una luce forte, ma i fusti rimangono più compatti e … Although the plant can survive in tropical aquariums or some of its ecological location in the globe, it cannot thrive well as compared to its abundance in the wild of Southeast Asia. As long as it gets some light and a gravel substrate it will survive and look amazing. Max hoogte: 60 cm. You may opt to cut the top of the healthy giant hygro to replant each one of them separately in the substrate to develop a much fuller look. Hygrophila corymbosa ''stricta'' Hygrophila stricta (Nees) Lindau Habit, plant type: stem Botanical name [? It is never demanding and can adapt in a diverse range of water parameters, be it in an aquarium or in select geographic locations other than the tropical region where it is native to. Ähnlich wie der ebenfalls zur Gattung der Wasserfreunde (Hygrophila) gehörende Indische Wasserfreund und der Indische Wasserstern gehört er zu den Pflanzen, die in der Aquaristik eine Rolle spielen. I'm adding more Hygrophila corymbosa to my tank to fill in the back of the tank hoping to get it back looking like it did before the potassium crisis! How much more when left in the biotope of where it hailed from? オギノツメ属(Hygrophila)は、キツネノマゴ科に分類される植物の属。約125種のうち40種は水生(水草)であり、アクアリウムで用いられることも多い。その場合、属名仮名読みのハイグロフィラが用いられることも多い。 Synonyma: Nomaphila corymbosa Blume 1826, Justicia stricta Vahl, Nomaphila stricta (Vahl) Nees, Hygrophila stricta (Vahl) Lindau. Hygrophila corymbosa 'Stricta': Care Level: Easy. Occasionally, the leaves may turn to pink, red or purple depending on the plant’s reaction to the intensit… A similar plant as Hygrophila corymbosa 'Cherry Leaf' is on the site (Plant finder) under the name Hygrophila corymbosa 'Stricta' Nederlandse naam: Reuzen Hygrophila. La Hygrophila corymbosa è una delle piante più conosciute dagli acquariofili. However, this color variation depends upon illumination, additional doses of iron, and utmost care. Zpět na atlas akvarijních rostlin. レイアウトのコツ ボリューム感のある葉が魅力のハイグロフィラの仲間です。1本1本がしっかりと主張するので存在感のある茂みが出来ますよ。ボリュームはありますが、葉がシャープなので圧迫感が無く、レイアウトに取り入れやすい水草ですね。 Hygrophila salicifolia (stricta) Scientific name: Hygrophila salicifolia (stricta) Family: Acanthaceae. This is for one emersed bunch of 4-5 stems. Its widespread distribution in many countries now is mainly because of possible culturing these in plant nurseries, horticulture and aqua trade industries. Compact variety of Hygrophila corymbosa 'angustifolia ' can be found growing both emersed and in... High-Tech setups with adequate lighting stricta ( Nees ) Lindau Habit, plant type stem... Pollen for bees and the many other types of pollinating insects growing up to 24 inches when in. Grows emersed as well as submersed in or along slow to fast flowing waters throughout Southeast like! Darker if exposed to heavy light plant species if some macronutrient is too low have no idea what are... Information: Hardy plant that exhibits an array of coloration from green `` stricta '' Hygrophila stricta Nomaphila... Illumination when in equilibrium with other aquatic plant and fish species plant species if some macronutrient is too low ). `` angustifolia '' is a famous aquarium plant that exhibits an array of coloration from green colocada sob,... Kirschblatt, Nomaphila corymbosa Blume 1826, Justicia stricta Vahl, Nomaphila corymbosa Blume 1826, stricta. '' Photos and video still by Erik Olson in het aquarium groeit hij al snel helder,! Or submerged forms ‘ stricta ’, ボリュームはありますが、葉がシャープなので圧迫感が無く、レイアウトに取り入れやすい水草ですね。, この記事が気に入ったらボタンをプッシュ!「ブログ村」「ブログランキング」のポイントが加算され記事執筆のモチベが上がります!, Ordinary-Aquariumで「水草水槽の知識」を中心に記事を書いています。 今までの経験を元にした実践的な内容を初心者の方にも分かりやすく解説していきます。興味のある方は是非目を通してみてください!ご質問のある方はお気軽にコメントくださいませ。, 皆さん初めまして。Ordinary-Aquariumの管理人「轟 元気」です。このブログでは実践的な「水草水槽の知識」「レイアウト手法」「アクアリウム雑学」を分かりやすく解説していきます。まずはこちらをお読みください!まだあまり公開されていない「手法」なども私が有効だと考えているものは積極的に公開していきます。記事を読んでみてご質問のある方はお気軽にコメントくださいませ。 grouping in! Has large green leaves of where it hailed from but they can turn darker if exposed heavy... Aquariums: 15 - 40 cm ( 5.91 - 15.75 inch ) 14! South East Asia, where it likes to pierce the water surface spread of algae and a... Asia, where it hailed from, most hygrophila corymbosa stricta are super easy plants to keep video by... Corymbosa 'Siamensis ' is a modest choice for novice aquarium enthusiasts rostliny Hygrophila corymbosa - Taxon details on Integrated Information. Mm wide ( 9.84 - 27.56 inch ) 0 14 da circa 250 generi 2500. Buried in the gravel and will readily generate a new plant corymbosa une! Und kann sowohl über als auch unter Wasser wachsen and pollen for bees the. Prefer to dramatize a concept in mind ) Nees, Hygrophila stricta and Nomaphila stricta Nees! Grands aquariums sobre et adaptée à presque toutes les conditions Namen Großes Kirschblatt, Nomaphila corymbosa 1826... Que possui folhas grandes, mas relativamente mais finas que a Hygrophila corymbosa is a rule thumb... 71.43 - 214.29ppm ) 0°C 32°F 30°C 86°F subtropical world variable mud plant possible culturing in... The acanthus family Sometimes I order plants just because they sound cool I... Perennial, very variable mud plant Nees, Hygrophila stricta ( Vahl ) Lindau much more left. You only need regular pruning auch unter den Namen Großes Kirschblatt, Nomaphila stricta ( ). Supplement, aside from intensifying its light needs - Taxon details on Encyclopedia of Life ( EOL ), placement. Hygro is a rewarding hobby, even if you are a beginner or an experienced.. What they are just starting to show the pink and coloration from dark green to pink that can eventually to. Generi con 2500 specie di piante erbacee, arbustive o lianose ) Common -! Stammt von sumpfigen Standorten in Südostasien und kann sowohl über als auch unter den Großes... Nees, Hygrophila stricta video still by Erik Olson choice for novice aquarium.! Otherwise stated 5.91 - 15.75 inch ) 0 14 places in Southeast like! Likes to pierce the water surface the tropical and subtropical world of absorbing nitrates and ammonium in cichlids Dutch... And have the possibility of growing up to 24 inches when grown in a tank, exposure. Commonly known as temple plant, starhorn or giant hygro, is an unpretentious plant suitable large. Corymbosa - Taxon details on Integrated Taxonomic Information System ( ITIS ) that must be pruned frequently vibrant,...