The Arab League includes Algeria, Bahrain, Comoros, Djibouti, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Oman, the Palestine Liberation Organization, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia, the United Arab Emirates, and Yemen. Baghdad Jewish cemetery where … Shia Countries Iran - 90-95%. By ASHLEY PERRY . To those definitions, Lewis adds a more recent usage that excises religion by regarding “the Arabic-speaking peoples as a nation or group of sister nations in the modern sense, linked by a common territory, language, and culture.” Arab Christians–who weren’t designated that way until the 19th century–were particularly attracted to that version of Arab nationalism because it would make them full members of the state. UNITED NATIONS (AP) — The United Arab Emirates didn’t need peace with Israel to counter Iran, a top UAE official said Friday, but he said Iran’s aggressive policies over three decades alarmed many Arab countries and made them look at their relationship with Israel “with fresh eyes.” Iran is escalating threats toward the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and Bahrain after the United States helped broker peace deals between Israel and the two Gulf states.. The first definition adds a geographic element and a cultural element, and Gibb adds religion to the mix. TEHRAN – An Iranian documentary warns about the illegitimate hunting of a specific species of birds, which are then smuggled into the Arab states of the Persian Gulf. It … In Iraq, the country with the most extensive border with Iran, only one case has been detected so far: that of a 22-year-old Iranian religious student in Najaf, Suhail Mohammad Ali. Is Iran an Arab country? History of the Middle East. Arab, one whose native language is Arabic. Former Iranian diplomat Amir Mousavi said in a July 4, 2020 interview on Russia Today TV that Iran is prepared to retaliate against America, Israel, and an Arab country that he did not name, all of which he said are "suspects" in the July 2, 2020, explosion at the Natanz nuclear facility. Given its location in the Middle East, Muslim majority, and language which resembles Arabic, Iran is often mislabeled as an Arab nation. Today marks the Day of Commemoration for Jewish Refugees from Arab Countries and Iran. Most Middle Eastern countries (13 out of 18) are part of the Arab world.The most populous countries in the region are Egypt, Iran, and Turkey, while Saudi Arabia is the largest Middle Eastern country by area. Despite the introduction of Islam, Iran has retained its language, identity, and traditions, thereby distinguishing it from neighboring Arab countries. Most of Arabs are in the Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Qatar and Kuwait and people of these countries are just Arabic-speaking: Iraq, Syria, Yemen, Oman, Jordan, Palestine, Egypt and many other north African countries; People of Israel, speaks Hebrew; People of Turkey, speaks Turkish and People of Iran speaks Persian. Historian Bernard Lewis devotes 14 pages to the subject in his introduction to The Arabs in History. Middle East. If you value our work, please disable your ad blocker. The answer to the second question is easy: No. Initially, Iran was a Sunni majority until 1500 when Shah Ismail I conquered Iran and forced a conversion of Sunni Muslims to Shia Islam with several Sunnis murdered in the process. Read on to discover why Iran is not an Arab country. "Iran", also called Persia, and officially the Islamic Republic of Iran, is a country in Western Asia. NOVEMBER 26, 2020 10:12. The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) was founded in Baghdad, Iraq, with the signing of an agreement in September 1960 by five countries namely Islamic Republic of Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and Venezuela. In addition, the majority of Iranians are Shiite Muslims while most Arabs are Sunni Muslims. Note the absent country: Iran. Israel accuses Iran of trying to develop nuclear weapons — a charge Iran denies. Dozens of Jewish communities, more than 800,000 men, women & infants were forced to abandon their homes. In modern usage, it embraces any of the Arabic-speaking peoples living in the vast region from Mauritania, on the Atlantic coast of Africa, to southwestern Iran, including the entire Maghrib of North Africa, Egypt and Sudan, the Arabian Peninsula, and Syria and Iraq. Lewis cites two broader definitions as more accurate. All contents © 2020 The Slate Group LLC. A cognate of “aryan,” Iran means “land of the Aryans” and is excluded from the list of Arab League nations in the Middle East/North Africa region. Slate is published by The Slate Group, a Graham Holdings Company. Consequently, many present-day Iranian celebrations, such as Nowruz, Châhârshanbe Suri, and Yaldâ, stem from this ancient religion. Iran is usually mistakenly unified with northern Arab peninsula countries, not all Arab countries. Iran is escalating threats toward the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and Bahrain, after the United States helped broker peace deals between Israel and the two Gulf states. Prior to the Islamic conquest, Old and Middle Persian were written in such scripts as Old Persian Cuneiform, Pahlavi, Aramaic, and Avestan. Source(s): Iran is indeed not an arab country. The country has a pending application to join the European Union, and if successful, it will be considered more of a European country rather than an Arab state. Riyadh: Arab Countries Must Be Included In New Nuclear Deal With Iran During the Manama Security Conference in Bahrain, Bin Farhan told AFP: “Primarily what we expect is that we are fully consulted, that we and our other regional friends are fully consulted in what goes on vis a vis the negotiations with Iran." Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, Libya and Mauritania are the Maghreb or Maghrib. Part of the problem, Lewis warns, is that the term Arab “may be used in several different senses at one and the same time, and that a standard general definition of its content has rarely been possible.”. Iran is not an Arab country. Slate relies on advertising to support our journalism. List of MENA Countries With no doubt, Iran is not Arab They were to become the Founder Members of the Organization. With over 81 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th most populous country. Who are the Arabs? Note the absent country: Iran. of course not.Iran is completely different from Arab countries.peo[le in Iran speak Persian & Turkish & some other dialect.while Arabs speak Arabic. It might be easy to assume that Persian and Arabic are related, based solely on the similarity of their scripts, but a quick study of language families reveals that Persian is an Indo-European language whereas Arabic is a Semitic one. A cognate of “aryan,” Iran means “land of the Aryans” and is excluded from the list of, The ancient city of Persepolis | © reibai / Flickr, The Cyrus Cylinder is the oldest known charter of human rights, Fravahar, the ancient symbol of Zoroastrianism, above the Fire Temple in Yazd. Iranians can be any race from white to black to mongoloid (asian) and iran has a lot of ethnics. With the exception of various minority ethnic groups in Iran (one of which is Arab), Iranians are Persian. In recent months, Israel has signed agreements establishing diplomatic relations with Gulf Arab states of the UAE and Bahrain — its first normalization deals with Arab countries in a quarter century. Explainer thanks The Arabs in History and The Multiple Identities of the Middle East by Bernard Lewis, and Encarta Online. Most current maps leave them out of the Middle East, except for Egypt, despite a long shared history and many cultural similarities with other Arab countries. AOC calls Biden's new chief of staff a 'unifying pick' COVID-19 vaccine may have unpleasant side effects Turkey is considered part of the MENA region in the broader context, but it is occasionally omitted in most definitions. Several new countries were created in the Middle East, with borders chosen not to further Arab unity, but to defeat it. Who are the Arabs, and is Iran an Arab country? All rights reserved. Ethnic Persians make up 60 percent of modern Iran, and modern Persian is the official language. Join Slate Plus to continue reading, and you’ll get unlimited access to all our work—and support Slate’s independent journalism. Several readers objected to Slate’s characterization of Iran as an “Arab neighbor” in a dossier on the Saudi royal family. Majority Arabic-speaking countries remain in southwest Asia, Egypt, and North Africa. The Arab conquests of the seventh century spread the Arabic language and civilization from North Africa to central Asia. It’s not a facile question. (Persian also has official status in Afghanistan, where Dari, or Afghan Persian, is one of two official languages.) What territory do Arabs inhabit? A group of Arab leaders once stated that “whoever lives in our country, speaks our language, is brought up in our culture and takes pride in our glory is one of us.” The scholar Sir Hamilton Gibb put it this way: “All those are Arabs for whom the central fact of history is the mission of Muhammad and the memory of the Arab Empire and who in addition cherish the Arab tongue and its cultural heritage as their common possession.”, Both of those definitions encompass more than just language. You can cancel anytime. Under the Islamic caliphate, Arabic became the language of scripture, government, law, literature, and science. Persian history largely begins with King Cyrus the Great, who is credited with the liberation of Babylon in 528 BC, and the oldest known charter of human rights, referred to as the Cyrus Cylinder, which is housed in London’s British Museum. Encarta Online gives a fairly succinct definition that includes all four elements: “the ancient and present-day inhabitants of the Arabian Peninsula and often applied to the peoples closely allied to them in ancestry, language, religion, and culture.” Part of the problem with understanding the meaning of “Arab,” Lewis writes in another book, is that secular Westerners have “great difficulty understanding a culture in which not citizenship, not nationality, not descent, but religion, or more precisely, membership of a religious community, is the ultimate determinant of identity.”. Jews from Arab countries, Iran are in need of support The Kaddish Initiative takes root. It was the Tahirid Dynasty who replaced Pahlavi with the Arabic script in the 9th century. King Salman of Saudi Arabia has pulled off in Mecca what many had thought unlikely -- getting 20 or so disparate Arab nations to unite in a common position against Iran. You’ve run out of free articles. Click here for a glossary of Islam, or here for the origins of –istan. Given its location in the Middle East, Muslim majority, and language which resembles Arabic, Iran is often mislabeled as an Arab nation. The Encyclopedia Britannica defines an Arab as “one whose native language is Arabic”. It would not be strange to have Iraq declare itself an"Arab" country, and it certainly will be a member of the Arab League. By joining Slate Plus you support our work and get exclusive content. So as the country of Swiss is not French just because they share Christianity and a part of its population speak French, Iran is not an Arab country. But explaining why Iran isn’t an Arab country requires the answer to the first. But that’s not satisfactory. Who are the Arabs, and is Iran an Arab country? Ethnic Persians make up 60 percent of modern Iran, and modern Persian is the official language. Persian and Arab histories only merge in the 7th century with the Islamic conquest of Persia. The Arab World stretches across more than 13,000,000 square kilometres (5,000,000 sq mi) of North Africa and the part of North-East Africa and South-West Asia. Alone among the Middle Eastern peoples conquered by the Arabs, the Iranians did not lose their language or their identity. The 32-letter alphabet used today includes four letters nonexistent in Arabic: p, ch, g (like golf), and zhe (like the j in déjà vu). So Iran fails most of the four-part test of language, ancestry, religion, and culture. The Islamic conquest during Persia’s Sasanian Empire, however, caused the gradual decline and eventual displacement of Zoroastrianism by Islam. List of countries by past and future population provide 1950, 2000 and 2050 population while the future population (United Nations, medium fertility variant)]] provides 2100 population [citation needed]]. Alone among the Middle Eastern peoples conquered by the Arabs, the Iranians did not lose their language or their identity. Chief among these are the waning of Arab nationalism and the Palestinian cause as a pan-Arab concern but also, most importantly, the escalation of the cold war with Iran. Its territory spans 1,648,195 km2 (636,372 sq mi), making it the second largest country in the Middle East and the 17th largest in the world.... Read More 0 0 In Iran, Shia Muslims make up the majority, with 92.2% of all Muslim population in the country belonging to this sect. Several readers objected to Slate’s characterization of Iran as an “Arab neighbor” in a dossier on the Saudi royal family. It is Persian. And you'll never see this message again. The easiest definition is to say that an Arab is simply someone who speaks Arabic. Although only a minority of Zoroastrians currently live in Iran, ancient Persians were Zoroastrian, a religion based on the teachings of prophet Zoroaster that exalted Ahura Mazda as the supreme God. The history of the Middle East dates back to ancient times, with the geopolitical importance of the region being recognized for millennia. Even though Modern Persian has many loan words from Arabic—much in the same way that English does from French—to call them the same or even mutually intelligible is a gross mistake. The northern iranians look very northern european. These birds, the houbara bustards that live in certain regions of Iran, are being killed so that rich men in Arab countries … The reference book says the term historically included the “nomadic Semitic inhabitants of the Arabian Peninsula” and in modern usage encompasses the Arabic-speaking people stretching from Mauritania to southwestern Iran. A further dividing aspect is the fact that Muslim-majority nations tend to follow the Sunni branch of Islam while Iran, one of only a handful of countries, is majority Shia. Not all Arabic-speaking peoples identify themselves as Arabs. 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