The knee joint is the largest joint in the body and is primarily a hinge joint, although some sliding and rotation occur. Patellofemoral. Saddle joint between the femur and the patella 2) Latral Condylar Joint : Between the lateral condyle “of the femur” & … The clinical anatomy of several pain syndromes of the knee is herein discussed. The knee joint is a synovial joint which connects the femur (thigh bone), the longest bone in the body, to the tibia (shin bone). Knee Joint: The knee joint is one of the hardest and most crucial joints in the human body. Selective denervation of the knee: experience, case reports, and technical notes Innervation of the human knee joint and implications for surgery. Complexity of joint due to fusion of 3 joints: a. Lateral femorotibial b. Medial femorotibial c. Femoropatellar. It consists of bones, meniscus, ligaments, and tendons. The patella (or kneecap, as it is commonly called) is made of bone and sits in front of the knee. Knee Anatomy - The Knee Joint is the largest & complex joint in the body . The knee joint is the point at which the femur bone of the thigh meets the tibia bone of the lower leg. Medial and lateral condyles are partially seperated by synovial membrane and cruciate ligaments. The knee is the largest joint in the human body and a common source of athletic-related injuries. It's most commonly torn during sports that involve sudden stops and changes in direction — such as basketball, soccer, tennis and volleyball. The knee joint is made up of bones, cartilage, ligaments, tendons, bursae, and meniscus. Three bones meet to form your knee joint: your thighbone (femur), shinbone (tibia), and kneecap (patella). The structure of a normal knee joint. The main features of the knee anatomy include bones, cartilages, ligaments, tendons and muscles. Medial and lateral condyles of the femur articulate with the tibial condyles. Tibiofemoral. See more ideas about Anatomy, Knee joint anatomy, Knee joint. Note that if you would like the label the knee joint removed and the image re-centered on the page, just Questions (82) Knee instability has been the focus of large number of studies over the last decade; however, a high incidence rate of injury still exists. Knee joint stability requires the integration of a complex set of anatomical structures and physiological mechanism. Knee joint has two articular compartments. 2: Literature Review 2.1 Knee Anatomy. Science topic. When identifying the source of knee pain or dysfunction, it’s critical to begin with a strong foundational knowledge of knee anatomy and the functions of the joint… This is a bold print of an original watercolor that I made of the knee joint. The knee joint is the largest and one of the most complex joints in the human body. Flexion and extension occurs between tibia and femur bone while patella slides over the femur bone. Knee, hinge joint that is formed by the meeting of the thigh bone (femur) and the larger bone (tibia) of the lower leg. In the knee joint, the femur articulates with the tibia and the patella. 2 condylar joints between condyles of femur and tibia b. tendons connect muscles to bones. The knee is the largest and most complex joint in the body, containing numerous parts that have to work in concert for proper joint function. These include the iliotibial tract syndrome, the anserine syndrome, bursitis of the medial collateral ligament, Baker's cyst, popliteus tendon tenosynovitis and bursitis of the deep infrapatellar bursa. This slippery substance helps your knee bones glide smoothly across each other as you bend or straighten your leg. The innervation of the knee joint. Synovial joints are enclosed by a ligament capsule and contain a fluid, called synovial fluid, that lubricates the joint. The aim of this short report is to examine knee joint anatomy and physiology with respect to knee stability. The knee joint is a hinge joint, meaning it allows the leg to extend and bend back and forth with minimal side-to-side motion. The knee is a complex joint that flexes, extends, and twists slightly from side to side. The 3B Scientific® Anatomy Video "Knee Joint" demonstrates the structure of the knee joint. The knee joint is composed of two articulations: The knee joint is the most complicated and one of the strongest joints in the human body. The knee anatomy is a complex hinge joint that flexes, extends, and twists slightly from side to side. Anatomy; Basic Knee MRI; Checklist; SHOULDER Anatomy; Arthrogram Anatomy; Basic Shoulder MRI; ANKLE Anatomy; Basic Ankle MRI; ELBOW Anatomy; Basic Elbow MRI; WRIST Wrist; Basic Wrist MRI; HIP Hip; Basic Hip MRI; CONTACT. The knee joint is a synovial joint. It is not a simple hinge joint because it has 6° of motion: flexion/extension, internal/external rotation, varus/valgus, compression/distraction, anterior/posterior translation, and medial/lateral translation. Structure, Ligaments, Bursae, Movements & Clinical anatomy of the Knee Joint. however, it is vulnerable to degradation with aging, that develops the condition of osteoarthritis, that is a disorder in which the joint cartilages and underlying bones start to break down and pain , stiffness, swelling and lower range of motion occur as primary symptoms. The synovial fluid which lubricates the knee joint is pushed anteriorly when the knee is in extension, posteriorly when the knee is flexed and in the semi flexed knee the fluid is under the least tension therefor being the most comfortable position if there is a joint effusion. - It consists of 3 Joints: 1) Medial Condylar Joint : Between the medial condyle “of the femur” & the medial condyle “of the tibia” . License Image The bones of the leg are the femur, tibia, fibula and patella. This fluid is known as the synovial fluid. The knee is the meeting point of the femur (thigh … The knee joint is a synovial joint this means it contains a fluid that lubricates it. Consequently, the rounded ends, or The ACL connects your thighbone (femur) to your shinbone (tibia). The knee is … Explore the latest questions and answers in Knee Joint, and find Knee Joint experts. 350 , 351 ) on the lower part of the front of the femur, and frequently communicates with a bursa interposed between the tendon and the front of the femur. It is responsible for weight bearing and movement. The Knee Joint is the biggest and most complicated joint within the body. tibia – the bone at the front of the lower leg, or shin bone. Meniscus. The knee joint (latin: articulatio genus) is a hinge joint that is formed between three bones: the femur, the tibia and the patella. The end of the femur joins the top of the tibia to create the knee joint. The knee is designed to fulfill a number of functions: In this episode of eOrthoodTV, orthopaedic surgeon Randale Sechrest, MD narrates an animated tutorial on the anatomy of the knee. Anatomy of the knee joint Anterior aspect of … Activities at the knee joint are required for numerous everyday activities, including walking, running, sitting and standing. It is also one of the most often injured joints because of its anatomic characteristics, the interrelation of its structural components, and the significant external forces that act… The ends of the femur and tibia, and the back of the patella are covered with articular cartilage. Science topics: Biology Anatomy Knee Knee Joint. Abstract. It holds and supports weight of the whole body. The knee consists of three bones: femur – the upper leg bone, or thigh bone. The foot bones shown in this diagram are the talus, navicular, cuneiform, cuboid, metatarsals and calcaneus. All the components of the knee - bones, cartilage, synovial membrane, ligaments, tendons and muscles - must work together properly for the knee to move smoothly. It is comprised of bones, cartilage, ligaments, tendons, and other tissues. Knee Anatomy Francesc Malagelada Jordi Vega Pau Golanó The knee is the largest joint in the human body and one of the most complex from a functional point of view. The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is one of the key ligaments that help stabilize your knee joint. the two important tendons in the knee are (1) the quadriceps tendon connecting the quadriceps muscle, which lies on the front of … It provides the lower leg to move relative to the thigh while holding the body’s weight. There are two main joints in the knee: 1) the tibiofemoral joint where the tibia meet the femur 2) the patellofemoral joint where the kneecap (or patella) meets the femur. —The synovial membrane of the knee-joint is the largest and most extensive in the body. Commencing at the upper border of the patella, it forms a large cul-de-sac beneath the Quadriceps femoris ( Figs. The knee joint is the largest and one of the most complex joints in the human body. Articular cartilage. The largest joint in the body, the knee moves like a hinge, allowing you to sit, squat, walk or jump. The knee is the joint where the bones of the lower and upper legs meet. The anatomy depicted includes the femur, patella, tibia, fibula, lateral collateral ligament and the quad tendon. Apr 29, 2020 - Explore sarahjw1972's board "Knee joint anatomy" on Pinterest. Classified as a pivotal hinge joint, the knee allows for straightening and bending in one direction, with some twisting (screw home mechanism). The knee joint is very susceptible to injury, due to the huge amount of stresses and strain it experiences. The knee consists of bones, meniscus, ligaments, and tendons. The ligaments of the knee maintain the stability of the knee. The knee is a hinge joint that is responsible for weight-bearing and movement. Know the anatomy including bones, cartilages, muscles, ligaments, tendons-quadriceps. These syndromes are reviewed in terms of the structures involved and their role in knee physiology. Type of Joint: Compound synovial joint involving: a. Knee Joint - Science topic. Learn and reinforce your understanding of Anatomy of the knee joint through video. MRI Knee Anatomy. Partial joint denervation II: knee and ankle. The knee is the largest joint in the body and has to sustain the greatest stresses, since it supports the entire weight of the body above it. Knee Joint Anatomy: Knee joint movements are flexion (bend) and extension (straightens). 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