Different theories can be used to take a systems approach. You have a time limit of 10 minutes. ��ұ��|�؀Ԛ_�*���3�UL��]>X�p9%��`GQ��%9o�%�ȣ�.f�k�Ϟ�o8Pu��n�y5�1��U���n%9E���Ӽ�!T90�a_�������N�[�ٵh�Ӣ�?��`lQ��'zz������ɲI�;9�1w�Iu[��Q��gO|&K��@9f��a#l��*}�Qd���O|y�o��Ϊ�I$�d���%���7~���? Adobe PDF Library 10.0; modified using iText 5.0.4 (c) 1T3XT BVBA 2013-12-24T04:07:44-05:00 Resilience Theory, according to van Breda (2018: 1), is the study of the things that make this phenomenon whole: Tolman was a ‘soft behaviorist’. The reflexive mode, which focuses on the writer's thoughts and feelings. Case studies aim to analyze specific issues within the boundaries of a specific environment, situation or organization. Theoretical perspective Theories in social work help to explain behaviors that present without initially understandable reasons. Increasingly, researchers use the term to mean the methods of inquiry for collecting and, in particular, analyzing data. 4 0 obj <>/Font<>>>/MediaBox[0 0 595.32 842.04]/StructParents 2/Rotate 0>> For twelfth grade writers, extensive writing occurs chiefly as a school-sponsored activity, or reflexive, as a self-sponsored activity. {�?�����ݰ�?�ȡͺEκ���7*Ϳo�<8�3�0 ��څ����,��4a$&�"��ҌY�x-��l��8��vu��Ve6L'���Bϭb(���/��|R�k���3 �#���H�zdt�M�}n$��Ws�m�ؕf, The Case Study Approach: Some Theoretical, Methodological and Applied Considerations. Mirela Stjelja The first, a study produced by Berkenkotter, Huckin, and Ackerman (1988), looks at a first year graduate student's initiation into an academic writing program. Two examples of case studies are used consistently throughout this chapter. Typical for case study research is non-random sampling; there is no sample that represents a larger population. Qe�WU.Ң���.EYq�g�޽���s+.��6��E\���{�Zo���߮�?���Ow�X�"�_l�.f�DH1{8��8I21[��)d�"��RY���S%f��y��0ʂ�|���߻��aT_pM������%t(�p����o��;�_uZw�C�����Uv`���ӧl?bb"�T��mI��`���M�Js�Y�21n����~�����V���J):���*8���D�=>e��A+>����0R�xF2Яa,���_p���ۀx+�� These differences can be ascertained and characterized through having the writers compose aloud their composition process. Social cognitive theory, developed by Albert Bandura, is a learning theory that focuses on observational learning, modeling, and self-efficacy. application/pdf �C�� �v��]��Ć�����_�i�U�s��U�ܻ�rӃ���r$+KXC�@7@2x��l�`��=xwB��,4�gp)j'ue3�5�� ���R�PVm��ۃ�!�C2G�t�"���x`����-zX"�uP�Z��zX�ϸ��_r�9jk��S�*��c֔����4��2��Lj�7�.���ŕ6����N� This way the case study is not just an isolated description, but is integrated … As you write the theoretical framework, aim to compare and critically evaluate the approaches that different authors have proposed. Much of Freud's work and theories were developed through the use of individual case studies. After discussing different models and theories, you establish the definitions that best fit your research and justify why this is the case. The second type of research design is about "gaps and holes", following Robert K. Yin's guidelines and making positivist assumptions. In the next section the authors make explicit the sociolinguistic theoretical and methodological assumptions on which the study is based (1988). D. Jean Clandinin, in Encyclopedia of Social Measurement, 2005. This paper addresses the marital case study of Jim and Kathy. Twelfth grade writers engage in two modes of composing: reflexive and extensive. Research Design: This research is exploratory in nature. Although theory building using case study research has been discussed previously in the literature, there is no clarity as to how case study research can be used to build theory. endstream A set of implied stylistic principles governs the writing process. Capella University. 2013-08-20T10:57:16+10:00 Case Study Integrating Nursing Theory and Process into Practice; Virginia's Henderson Need Theory. Case studies are a popular research method in business area. {c�����'�@&Ԏ2B�*ٻ����:�,ڮ�rTJm>���8�q=�)&�"����=j�#aT�l;�4'���N�.�xuPr[n�phA�y K�]�����BZ�*���< E�~d�P`rh�N�R��`�S( ������(��x�\s�NQ6tn����_�-�"�4�P���@%В�5�g��{����/�T����_-�H��la��H�>Î�P� w ���������@J�{t��ą�l��3l=������SN&�3�>�����I�^!Sn�dP�kŐk[2{a����oC\�mC9(�/�K5���yM�F�a��q�j��s�b��K1DԻs���3Z�k�§�N]r��{��R2,� ��[�w8�Y�#C�w0i��^��Ʀ�QO׆W���֮��^�~���#� W;�4�b7��ܻ]��&)'rG\_Q _OÓ�ğmP��~S� . ڽc{J~����mOq�[e�5��K�� UNCLASSIFIED 3 paper provides a theoretical framework for the next phase of the research program, that is, a case study. Case Study of Jim and Kathy. Step 2: Build a theoretical framework. During the process of data analysis, the categories being developed will point to the new cases to be chosen for further data collection. O�8��� Abstract. The hope is that learning gained from studying one case can be generalized to many others. ��b'ʨ6�҆o��9�dKof �[m��`��X>bj�"_�kj/p]���ƥ���YlI�������ĭF�5�}2Y���E����G�������� ����v^�,-� 7]U�:��mg,r%c�U���E�6��x8!��k�� �W�/��ƽUm��o_���S�S��5GU�l�����a�4=�;&�j]�>���҉�.��0����'�߮w��D�o�Qڀ ��ؠ��>����m���ڷx�oz�� The three most commonly adopted theories are listed below: Individual Theories <>stream Interest in mental processes had been gradually restored through the work of Piaget and Tolman. One of the greatest advantages of a cas… Some great examples of case studies in psychology include Anna O, Phineas Gage, and Genie. D:20130820005541 �����7�:� 0 The study uses participant-observer and linguistic data collecting techniques to assess the student's knowledge of appropriate discourse conventions. In the case of Janet Emig's (1971) study of the composing process of eight twelfth graders, four specific hypotheses were made: In this study, the chief distinction is between the two dominant modes of composing among older, secondary school students. Conflict Theory Case Study: The Occupy Central Protests in Hong Kong How to Apply Conflict Theory to Current Events. A case study is an in-depth study of one person, group, or event. 9 0 obj In the third paragraph they state that researchers must negotiate their claims "within the context of his sub specialty's accepted knowledge and methodology." So, resilience as a concept is not necessarily straightforward, and there are many operational definitions in existence. Qualitative researchers also rely heavily on theories drawn … ���ޑȻ&��V���s��sZ�*�ܭ9�2�t�?1@$�1p�#!��]�=�(�X��3ް~�ChՐ��5�FO��=h&y�8�^���蝭���ǝ��-jP%ᢱ�l�otyy����� ���Q�r��{q�"� q�KJ����J�R^A�7 ��'\�L�"�CRVi - a��M ߠ�o���hӏpr20h��^�z�0�����G\���8s��-�@����^L�P��p�\�$��K�����'�!�*BB%�vM�� Guided by a relevant theory, you are given a basis for your hypotheses and choice of research methods. ;¸�s�HS��s�o�s��:�ԉ���u>��?ר%R�C�DF�÷���xK˽��Jtr/V沭&WV�i����x������}�ϗ��x�m��pɉ�)�+h���GT�����Eidd��&㩍鬙4��� �u�yU��q��;�0����$��J��� MRz ��*�\6fV��w3�"ODg #'ӎ?Ԓfݳ��A���! <>/Font<>>>/MediaBox[0 0 595.32 842.04]/StructParents 1/Rotate 0>> 1 0 obj Model – Is a blueprint for action. Organizational Theories Reexamination of Freud's own clinical work suggests that he sometimes distorted his patients' case histories to 'fit' with his theory (Sulloway, 1991). The cases published in this site, nevertheless, is no easy job. Case study research has grown in reputation as an effective methodology to investigate and understand complex issues in real world settings. Currently, you have to read a case study and then answer 5 questions about it. In contrast, physicists will approach their research from a more quantitative perspective. In composition studies, researchers are typically working from a qualitative, descriptive standpoint. These focus on urban development, group behavior, cultural institutions, or marketplace functions. In the case of Bob and Jill’s family, the most relevant theoretical perspectives that can help to understand the issues are the systems perspective and the cognitive behavioral approach. And what factors either aid or hinder students learning the requisite linguistic behaviors?" Harlow (2009)argued that case studies either test a particular theory, develop theory, or both, arguing that developing theory inevitably involves an element of testing.Harlow coined the term retroduction as the circular process by which the researcher tests his or her theoretical ideas Social Theories First, there is the "no theory first" type of case study design, which is closely connected to Kathleen M. Eisenhardt's methodological work. Game theory is the study of mathematical models of strategic interaction among rational decision-makers. Kotler and Keller (2003, p.60) rely on this definition, stating that"customer satisfaction is determined by the degree to which someone is happy or disappointed with the observed behavior of a product in relation to their expectations." endstream Using the pseudonym Nate to refer to the subject, the study sought to illuminate the particular experience rather than to generalize about the experience of fledgling academic writers collectively. H��Vmo�8��_���V$Y��0�+�C��ᄂ��&n�C�{]������^o@:R�ȇ�H�����m��}>����n�����X����O��`��H�qA+aud!T(�WE��m��w��S�?�|Ql��9m�?�6y�*7��K8�Nw0�0߁��7�n�IP��wЩ4����T��`T#�����g�t)$��P/0c� f�y�\�k��� bS��w�����h�f_;�9�é�IL��P��7��=�����s��T$IA(C�#� 1"����˲j�'�P�(���9�H��/�1������P��WC��_Z�)Kڒ���^ �~����؄��wcM�W;���\�@h���* Systems Theory Case Study Case studies for systems theory applications in social work provide valuable insight into professional findings that can help others exponentially. Thus the reader has a good understanding of the authors' theoretical background and purpose in conducting the study even before it is explicitly stated on the fourth page of the study. You need 4 out of 5 to pass. 2013-12-24T04:07:44-05:00 These focus primarily on the individual development, cognitive behavior, personality, learning and disability, and interpersonal interactions of a particular subject. ϣ{���+�R���o/k�L-�4'iM�2�G�*�1d��E�>�nRm����9�W�]2� jx�)����UOH%���։��3+����9��ި)���:��Uh����g�����Q? Renee Bynum. Resilience Theory. Eisenhardt, Kathleen M. “Building Theories from Case Study Research.” Academy of Management Review 14 (October 1989): 532-550; Emmel, Nick.Sampling and Choosing Cases in Qualitative Research: A Realist Approach. In the first paragraph, they ask what constitutes membership in a disciplinary community and how achieving membership might affect a writer's understanding and production of texts. While case studies focus more on concrete details than general theories, they should usually have some connection with theory in the field. "Our purpose was to examine the effects of the educational context on one graduate student's production of texts as he wrote in different courses and for different faculty members over the academic year 1984-85." The second example is Janet Emig's (1971) study of the composing process of a group of twelfth graders. Unfortunately, case studies tend to be highly subjective and it is sometimes difficult to generalize results to a larger population. eA�c1��b1���C��{���sj�DbK�=���V8Q&�͔�H�ߒ&B��4'X��Q�W����v6@]�'%.����>�U�g�L��s2��N���=��8���16��3*���G���#=�Spp�]��pe=�1c�G#8c4�����,&Nr�m�ő(�9����]��ܿ�Y�BI�� �K$y�#F�C�:�WhД�j��ez���Jox� �`�.����7���>2U0����Gv���ڪ�7rq3P �����[��ư�$xl�Rw/�B�����\-���=#C endobj <>stream ... Qualitative Phenomenology approach was used by using semi-structured questionnaire. 2 0 obj 3004 words (12 pages) Nursing Case Study. " Grounded theory refers to a set of systematic inductive methods for conducting qualitative research aimed toward theory development. 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