I welcome your feedback here. Very few descendants of Tainos remain on the island. The colonial period was marked by conflict between white absentee owners and local managers and merchants and African slave laborers. For Authentic Jamaican products, from my very own hands, visit my Etsy store here. An ethnic group or ethnicity is a grouping of humans based on people who identify with each other on the basis of shared attributes that distinguish them from other groups such as a common set of traditions, ancestry, language, history, society, culture, nation, religion, or social treatment within their residing area. 1534 The Spanish move to Villa de la Vega. To conceal their identity they referred to themselves as "Portuguese" and practiced their religion secretly. In the 1930’s, politics in Jamaica was born. Click Here to see how. Spanish colonists had virtually exterminated the aboriginal Taino people by the time the English invaded the island in 1655. The food habits of Indians have a distinctly Indian flavour and taste. Ethnic Groups in Belize. A NEW law in 1985 changed the name of the Jamaica National Trust Commission to the Jamaica National Heritage Trust  and enlarged its functions... © Copyright 2011 Jamaica National Heritage Trust. Soon Jewish settlers came to Jamaica, followed by migrant traders from the Middle East. Identity formation and sustenance is relational, often oppositional and conflictual. TIP ME!| The second batch, of about two hundred, coming from Trinidad and British Guiana arrived in Jamaica between 1864-1870. The original inhabitants of Jamaica are the Arawaks, believed to have arrived from South America some 2,500 years ago. How? The first black Africans were brought to Jamaica in 1513, and they were from the Iberian Peninsula. Turkish oppression was given as the main reason for the departure from the Middle East. Almost every Indian regardless of his or her religion has anglicized first and second names; the surnames too have been changed except for names such as Maragh and Singh. The plant and cultivation of cassava, pumpkin, cashew, sweet potato, arrowroot, corn, cashew, coco, pineapple and yampi A few German names such as Hacker, Eldemire, Wedemire, Grosskoph, Kleinhans and Schleifer, which have undergone slight spelling changes, have survived. The timeline begins in the 1960s and ends this year. For many years they resisted the British to maintain their freedom, and some fled to the mountains and they were referred to as the Maroons. Something needs changing? The Arawaks were a mild and simple people by nature. Pre-Emancipation Development (1498-1834) The Spanish made several attempts to settle the island, but it wasn't until the establishment of the town of San Josef de Oruna (present day St. Joseph) in 1592 that this goal became a reality. In Chad there are reported to be 200 different and distinct ethnic groups. Ackee (also came from West Africa but arrived in Jamaica via the Englishman Captain William Bligh in 1793, from London). In 1835, Lord Seaford gave 500 acres of his 10, 000 acre estate in Westmoreland for the Seaford Town German settlement. The first Chinese arrived in 1849. Chances are someone already asked (and got an answer to) your question. By 1854, the first group of four hundred and seventy two (472) Chinese come to Jamaica from Panama. The result of the slave trade was that the majority of the Jamaican population was of African descent. It is important to note that at the time of the first immigration to Jamaica, the Middle East area was known as Syria and Mount Lebanon was a part of Syria. Disclaimer| Did you know that there are several international churches and institutions that does missionary work in Jamaica? They fled because of the Spanish inquisition. After this lesson, students will be able to: 1. define 'ethnic group' and 'ethnic identity' 2. explain and describe the ethnic groups found in the Caribbean The original inhabitants of Jamaica are the Arawaks, believed to have arrived from South America some 2,500 years ago. Site Search| You are also invited to join his exclusive JAMHearts community where like-minded Jamaican enthusiasts discuss all things Jamaican. They were stone age farmers. Ethnic Groups in Jamaica ... bringing dozens of ethnic groups into contact. The main ethnic groups are the Sara people in the South and the Nomads in the North. They arrived as indentured labourers between 1845 and 1917. This need was met by large scale importation of enslaved Africans. Chad is a landlocked country in Africa. All Rights Reserved. Here's a look at the major ethnic groups which arrived in Jamaica: Tainos - came from South America around 600 AD. The Arawaks were a mild and simple people by nature. All together these groups created the diverse people of Jamaica today, to which we owe the national motto “Out of Many, One People’. and universities. Most of the slaves came from West African (between the present countries of Senegal and Angola) by way of Jamaica. He invites you to subscribe to this site to stay updated on all the latest and check out his unique Jamaican products on his Etsy store. The Indians came to Jamaica to earn a "fortune" for starting a better life back in India. Jamaican Artistes | The Top 10 (Most Influential) - If You Asked Me. They were followed about 800 by the Arawakan -speaking Taino, who eventually settled throughout the island. GERMANS A small group of people in Trinidad claim descent from the original Carib natives. and yes, the soaking of fruits in wine for Jamaican fruit cake and Christmas puddings. Something needs changing? Some became money lenders. The first Africans to arrive came in 1513 from the Iberian Peninsula after having been taken from West Africa by the Spanish and the Portuguese. Our rich Jamaican heritage is depicted by our motto "Out of Many One People". ARRIVAL IN JAMAICA In 1845 the first group landed at Old Harbour Bay. ARRIVAL IN JAMAICA In 1845 the first group landed at Old Harbour Bay. This is the most obvious one, right? Jamaica History Timeline and Historical Dates. Although some Chinese went back home to marry Chinese wives who they brought back to Jamaica, others inter-married with non-Chinese Jamaicans contributing to the island's racial mixture. The programme was never a success. Jamaica's Jewish population was never large. Have Your Say| A patriotic Jamaican who adore its culture, Wellesley has been using this medium to share what he calls ', His Jamaica is a Commonwealth nation with very close ties to Britain. The cultural diversity of these groups reflects, especially, in admirably trimmed projectile points made out of stone. JEWS Also connect with My-Island-Jamaica.com on Social Media: Didn't find exactly what you were looking for? The population of English settlers remained small, but they brought in vast numbers of African slaves to work the sugar estates. Then the Englishman came over and the Spaniard had to run, After the English brought the rest of us and started all the fun. Although over 90% of our population is comprised of individuals of African descent, the contribution of other ethnic groups such as the Indians, the Chinese, the Germans, the Jews, and the Syrians/Lebanese to the social and economic development of the country cannot go unnoticed. Or, simply click here and here, to browse my library of over 500 questions and answers! Eventually they were able to develop their businesses until the small grocery shops grew into large enterprises embracing not only retailing, but also wholesaling and other types of activities. INDIANS The East Indians are the largest ethnic minority in Jamaica. (Senior, 2003, p. 446). I welcome, Other Great Articles You Might Have Missed. Excellent Paul Bogl, You can view a list of Artifacts Collection, JNHT has produced and distributed a number of brochures. They immediately fled to the mountains where they fought to retain their freedom and became the first Maroons. Link To Us. A listing, photos, maps and graphs of the ethnic people groups of Jamaica including language, progress scale, percent Evangelical and Professing Christian, and primary religion for each people group. A patriotic Jamaican who adore its culture, Wellesley has been using this medium to share what he calls 'the uniqueness of Jamaica with the world' since April 2007. About 600 ce the culture known as the “Redware people” arrived; little is known of them, however, beyond the red pottery they left. A small group of people in Trinidad claim descent from the original Carib natives. questions and answers! The Spanishmen came over, you can see from Spanish Town Montego Bay supplied their ships whene'er they came around. It was hoped that they would create a thriving settlement and act as a model for the ex-slaves. These Africans were freed by the Spanish when the English captured the island in 1655. Traditional Jamaican Fruit Cake Recipe (Jamaican Christmas Cake), DOING GOOD In The Neighborhood | How A US Based Charity Organization Is Impacting The Lives Of Jamaica's Most Vulnerable, The plant and cultivation of cassava, pumpkin, cashew, sweet potato, arrowroot, corn, cashew, coco, pineapple and yampi, Present day barbecue, called 'barbcoa' then. For example, the kumina ritual of St. Thomas is one of the best known surviving rituals. efforts have earned this site featured positions in local publications, The first Africans arrived in Jamaica in 1513 as servants to the Spanish settlers. At the end of the indentureship contract, many Indians reverted to their ancestral occupations, some became farmers or fishermen, while others returned to the trades - barber, goldsmith and ironsmith. A TIMELINE OF JAMAICA. Like My Site? The status of British citizenship enabled ownership of property by the Jews. When these immigrants arrived in Jamaica, many of them went into cultivating bananas or buying and selling. JOIN US| Also, in the following 25 years about 10, 000 free labourers of African origin came to the island. New! JAMAICA IS GOOD! The first Jews came to the island during the Spanish occupation of the island, 1494-1655. To date, he serves over 9,300 unique readers / viewers per day. Here's a look at the major ethnic groups which arrived in Jamaica: Tainos - came from South America around 600 AD. The cultural diversity of these groups reflects, especially, in admirably trimmed projectile points made out of stone. The extensive use of Pak Choy (vegetable), "Culinary Heritage", http://jamaica55.gov.jm/culinary/culinary-heritage/, "History Notes: Information on Jamaica's Culture & Heritage", https://nlj.gov.jm/history-notes-jamaica/, "Jamaican Ackee", http://wwwchem.uwimona.edu.jm/lectures/ackee.html. Archives| This information from this timeline comes from Hu-Dehart, E (1993). Of the many techniques we have at our disposal for researching our ancestors, timelines can be among the most eye-opening and, yet, they are often forgotten - buried in an endless genealogy to-do list or put off for some future rainy day when we have more time. Many of the Europeans came from Scotland and North Britain. The East Indians are the largest ethnic minority in Jamaica. They attained full political rights in 1831. Here's my recommended version of authentic Jamaican fruit cake recipe . The afro-Jamaicans or black Jamaicans refer to the citizens of Jamaica who are descendants of black Africans or partially black Africa. ... Today Belize boasts of cultural aspects from different cultures. From the time of the Africans arrival to the New World, there was miscegenation, leading to the rapid development of a coloured population. Firstly the Europeans, the 15th century was the era of rivalry in the European continent especially among the countries of Spain, … For two weeks in October of 1962, there was a confrontation between the United States, Soviet Union, and Cuba and is regarded as the closest time mankind ever came to nuclear warfare. Prior to this time there were about thirty Chinese living in Jamaica. By roughly 800 CE, a second wave of inhabitance occurred by the Arawak tribes, including the Tainos, prior to the arrival of Columbus in 1494. The second batch, of about two hundred, coming from Trinidad and British Guiana arrived in Jamaica between 1864-1870. The Caribbean island of Jamaica was initially inhabited in approximately 600 CE or 650 CE by the Redware people, often associated with redware pottery. It works! The Caribbean Memory Project promotes public awareness and participation in the collection and circulation of everyday archives for cultural, social, and historical research. The priests who arrived came as indentured labourers and practised their preisthood as a part-time profession. Initially over 200 German immigrants settled in Seaford Town in Westmoreland. Somewhere between 5,000 BC and 4,000 BC saw the arrival of the Guanahatabey or Ciboney people, who followed a now submerged chain of small islands that used to run from the eastern Yucatan through to Cuba and Jamaica. The English are the largest ethnic group among the 3.9 million people counted, though nearly one in five Americans are of African heritage. They came from South America 2,500 years ago and named the island Xaymaca, which meant ““land of wood and water”. Many of these immigrants eventually gave up the banana business and went into retail trading since hurricanes often upset the banana industry. Embedded into the timeline are visuals, newspaper articles, video clips and other primary/secondary sources. Old Archives| Archaeological evidence comes from sites in Cuba, Haiti, the Dominican Republic and the Lesser Antilles. Embedded into the timeline are visuals, newspaper articles, video clips and other primary/secondary sources. The Spaniards themselves escaped the island or were expelled shortly afterward. 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