As early as 1959, the giant salamander was identified by the Chinese government as an animal to be accorded top national-level protection. The Chinese giant salamander is the largest amphibian in the world, sometimes measuring nearly six feet in length and weighing close to 110 pounds. The larger, more aggressive Chinese giant salamander now occupies some of the same crucial habitat that the native Japanese giant salamander relies on. It is mainly found in the waters in and around China, hence the name but there is a very similar species in Japan as well. A giant salamander that once lived in the London Zoo and was later on display at the Natural History Museum represents a new species that may be the world's largest amphibian. A meter-long Chinese giant salamander, a critically endangered amphibian, was spotted on the banks of the Yangtze River near the Puluosi Port located in Fuling District, southwest China's Chongqing Municipality, on Tuesday. Researchers have found that there is not one, but at least five species of Chinese giant salamander, and possibly up to eight. Finding a Chinese giant salamander in the wild is thus a marvelous achievement in and of itself. They spend their entire lives under water, but don’t have gills. The Chinese giant salamander Andrias davidianus, the largest amphibian, is categorized as Critically Endangered on the IUCN Red List (IUCN, 2012) and has been listed in Appendix I of CITES since 1975 (CITES, 2014).In 1988 it was designated a State 2 protected species in China. Chinese Giant Salamander The Salamander From The Toy: Name: Unknown Residence: Yangtze River Interests: Her Eggs Occupation(s): Mother Education: Survival Aliases: The Largest Salamander In The World Gender: Female Color: Yellow Eye color: Black Species: Giant salamander Children: Eggs First appearance: the Chinese Giant Salamander Portrayer: In the wild, they are poached and sold as a luxury food. About 275 million years ago, in the swamps and rivers of an area that is now Brazil, lived the Prionosuchus.Amazingly, Prionosuchus grew at least 30 feet long and weighed 4,400 pounds (2,000 kg). The Japanese giant salamander is a bit smaller than its Chinese counterpart, while North America’s largest salamander, the hellbender, may reach 28 inches (70 centimetres) in length. These three giants make up the family Cryptobranchidae. The Chinese giant salamander has been identified as the EDGE amphibian most in need of conservation action. They have very poor eyesight, to detect their prey they sense the vibrations in the water. Top Answer. The long fat tail can be 60 percent of its length. The Chinese giant salamander (Andrias davidianus) is the largest salamander and largest amphibian in the world, reaching a length of 180 cm (5.9 ft), although it rarely reaches that size today. Another “near threatened” giant salamander is the “hellbender,” which can be found in the eastern US. 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