gray dogwood Family: Cornaceae: shrub: branch: leaf: twig: flowers: fruit: bark : Cornus racemosa is a much-branched, low, clonal shrub. Dogwood trees are easy to recognize due to their characteristic bark, smooth oval leaves, and white flower clusters. White berries develop on red pedicels adorning the shrub which are relished by a number of bird species. Most park rangers are more than hap… White flowers appear in late spring, leading to white berries in summer—they are edible to birds but should not be eaten by humans. Gray dogwood is distributed throughout the northeastern United States. A diverse genus, sometimes split into several. Gray dogwood has round-topped clusters of creamy white flowers borne on red pedicels. The flowers are white, 4-parted; in florescence is a loose branched cluster, and blooms in May-June. For a current distribution map, please consult the Plant Profile page for this species on the PLANTS Website. Donald Stokes noted that grey dogwood seemed a favorite nesting spot of local birds such as mockingbirds, catbirds, and chipping sparrows. Dogwood is a small broadleaf shrub, typically found growing along woodland edges and in hedgerows of southern England. grey osier dogwood. The lengths of dogwood tree leaves have some variation between species. Gray dogwood should be accurately identified before attempting any control measures. Stems are multiple from the ground, mostly straight and nearly simple with dense branching above. When using dogwood for streambank planting, Establishment Only seedlings of gray dogwood are practical. The first thing I looked at was the arrangement of leaves on the twigs - opposite. Cornus racemosa - Gray Dogwood (Cornaceae)-----Cornus racemosa is a spreading, dense, stoloniferous shrub. Funding provided by the Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund as recommended by the Legislative-Citizen Commission on Minnesota Resources. Gray Dogwood Cornus racemosa. This tough, low-maintenance shrub offers subtle year-round beauty. White panicles of flowers brighten the landscape in June. See the glossary for icon descriptions. Leaves are opposite, entire, stalked, ovate to lance shape and taper to a pointed tip, pale green on the underside. PLANTS Identification Keys: Plant Materials Web Site: Plant ... Cornaceae – Dogwood family Genus: Cornus L. – dogwood Subordinate Taxa. Another common name is the panicled dogwood. QUICK WINTER ID The bark is grey and smooth with shallow ridges which develop with age, and its twigs are smooth, straight and slim. All should be planted as early in the spring as possible. Produces ¼" white fruit that grows on reddish-pink pedicels and matures in late summer or early fall. It forms a dense thicket, providing cover and nesting sites for wildlife. Pollinator photos courtesy Heather Holm. Cornus racemosa, commonly called gray dogwood, is a deciduous shrub which is native to Missouri and typically occurs in moist or rocky ground along streams, ponds, wet meadows, glade and prairie margins, thickets and rocky bluffs. This shrub is tolerant of drier conditions and shade. The dogwoods are distinguished from other flowering shrubs by the clusters of small, 4-petaled white flowers and opposite (except for 1 species) leaves that are toothless and have prominent, arching, lateral veins. The gray dogwood is native to the eastern and midwestern United States and southern Canada. The flowering dogwood leaf can grow to 5 inches in length. Where in Minnesota? Gray dogwood: Medium size wildlife shrub with clusters of white flowers in spring and white fruit in fall. This tree can be trained (as any good dog can be!) Stems are mostly smooth but with some wart-ish bumps, and gray except for the newer twigs which are reddish-brown and have pale lenticular lenticels. Kousa dogwood (C. kousa) and hybrids of kousa and native dogwood (C. florida) are resistant to anthracnose and decline and should be used to replace dying trees. As with the last one I did on Identifying Beech trees, I learned this from park rangers at Natchez Trace State Park in Wildersville, TN. The 4-inch long, lance-shaped foliage is an elegant grey-hued, green that turns a dusky purple/red for autumn. See Also The Monday Garden, by Sue Sweeney. The gray dogwood is a forage plant for white-tailed deer. Cornus racemosa, gray dogwood, is a native deciduous multi-stemmed shrub to small tree.There are several species of dogwood in NJ. Gray Dogwood is a shrub, usually not over 6 feet high, forming a thicket. Pick an image for a larger view. Young stems are pale green, … Leaves are opposite, simple, lacking teeth or lobes, lance-shaped or broadest at the middle, 2–4 inches long, tapering to a broadly pointed tip. It is a member of the dogwood genus Cornus and the family Cornaceae. I expected to quickly confirm my initial identification as a Silky Dogwood. The pith of the twig is white. Flat clusters of […] This hard wooded plant has also attracted human interest. Your email address: (required) Then, see if the leaves are elongated oval shapes with smooth edges and a … In late summer, clusters of bluish-white berries will mature. Gray Dogwood Cornus racemosa On the previous post I showed how to ID a dogwood down to its genus. As with the last one I did on Identifying Beech trees, I learned this from park rangers at Natchez Trace State Park in Wildersville, TN. Flowers are creamy white, about ¼ inch across with 4 lance-elliptic petals, the sepals minute or absent. Gray Dogwood Cornus racemosa Dogwood family (Cornaceae) Description: This shrub is 3-8' tall, erect, and abundantly branched. The flowers are white, 4-parted; in florescence is a loose branched cluster, and blooms in May-June. Some references have separated the dogwoods out of the Cornus genus into Swida, making Gray Dogwood Swida racemosa, but this is not universally accepted and not currently recognized in Minnesota. DISTRIBUTION Gray dogwood is native to the U.S. and is found from central Maine to southern Ontario Comment (max 1000 characters): Note: Comments or information about plants outside of Minnesota and neighboring states may not be posted because I’d like to keep the focus of this web site centered on Minnesota. Gray Dogwood Information Gray dogwood (Cornus racemosa) is rangy and even a little scraggly, with suckers springing up all around it. Hopefully they can keep the buck thorn growing over there at bay! This hard wooded plant has also attracted human interest. Several species native to North American produce flowers for local pollinators and berries for wildlife. This shrub is considered both a flowering shrub and an ornamental shrub. White berries attract many birds in the late summer and early fall. Map of native plant purveyors in the upper midwest. The gray dogwood grows to a height of 10–15' and a spread of 10–15' at maturity. The upper surface is dark green with 3 or 4 lateral veins per side, the lower pale green to nearly white, both surfaces with sparse, short, stiff, appressed hairs. Gray dogwood is a native shrub that is a natural component of many woodland and prairie communities. This book had become my go to guide for identifying shrubs. Dome shaped clusters, 1½ to 2½ inches broad and about as high, of short-stalked flowers at the tips of branches. Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund, part shade, sun; average moisture; open woods, woodland edges, savannas, fields, thickets, roadsides. Subtly attractive in flower, fruit, and fruiting stalk, and tolerant of wet or dry sites, Gray Dogwood is a multi-season interest plant. Flowering dogwood, in particular, proved suitable for making bowls, pipes, mallets, golf clubs, and tool handles. Flowering Dogwood sometimes grows to the size of a small tree. Once you’ve heard its catty mew you won’t forget it. Important food and cover for wildlife. It is a perennial shrub that grows 6-15 feet, with smooth, gray twigs. ), please check the links and invasive species pages for additional resources. As its name indicates, Gray Dogwood has gray bark, and its leaves have 3 or 4 veins per side. Almost any character in the keys is open to exception, but identification is easier than the apparently overlapping statements might suggest. The fall leaves are dark reddish purple, and while the color is interesting, you wouldn’t call it attractive. The Pacific dogwood has the longest leaves, with the average leaf in the 4- to 6-inch-long range. Cornaceae – Dogwood family Genus: Cornus L. – dogwood Species: Cornus racemosa Lam. A good look at Grey Dogwood in early summer upstate NY. Growth Rate and Mature Height Depending on the species of Dogwood you plant, you may have a … Its flowers, leaves and fruit may appear similar to Red-osier Dogwood (Cornus sericea), but the bark of that species, at least in part, is a deep red year round and leaves have 5 or 6 veins per side. Most park rangers are more than hap… Can be cut back to the ground if it becomes too large and woody. Bundle scar. Note: All comments are moderated before posting to keep the riff-raff out. Patches of gray mold grow on the patches if the weather remains very humid. The gray dogwood is a forage plant for white-tailed deer. The Gray Dogwood is a native, gray-stemmed, thickly branched shrub. View Map. Cornus racemosa 'Hurzam' - 'Hurzam' (Huron™) is a select Gray Dogwood growing only 4 to 5 feet tall, its habit rounded.Teeming small creamy white flattened domes are numerous in June making the shrub showy when in bloom. Features grayish-green to dark green leaves that are narrow-elliptic to ovate-lanceolate and 2–4" long, turning reddish-purple in the fall. Leaves are opposite, entire, stalked, ovate to lance shape and taper to a pointed tip, pale green on the underside. Irregular, brown, wrinkled patches form on flower bracts and leaves in the spring. The bark of older branches is gray or gray-brown and slightly roughened from the abundant small lenticels. In spring, creamy white flowers will display for a week to ten days. Not the case with the gray dogwood; it’s a healthy variety that resists the diseases common to many dogwoods. The Pacific dogwood has the longest leaves, with the average leaf in the 4- to 6-inch-long range. By the second year the bark has turned a dull but smooth brownish gray. Gray dogwood (Cornus racemosa) is found in upland woods throughout Iowa except in the northwest. Cornus racemosa is a common shrub, found nearly throughout Wisconsin except for a few northern counties. Terminal stems hol… Full sun and partial shade are best for this shrub, meaning it prefers a minimum of 4 hours of direct, unfiltered sunlight each day. Gray dogwood is a very adaptable, native shrub that is excellent for naturalizing, especially in difficult sites, such as pond and stream banks. Some references have separated the dogwoods out of the Cornus genus into Swida, making Gray Dogwood Swida racemosa, but this is not universally accepted and not currently recognized in Minnesota. Although its suckering, spreading habit makes it impractical for formal plantings, it can be incorporated into the shrub border and useful as a mass planting. Identifying Dogwood Trees: This is the second Instructable I have done in regards to identifying trees. The bark of the current year's growth is an orange-brown color and stands in contrast to the previous year's gray bark. The leaves have fewer lateral veins (3-4 pairs) than other dogwood species. The Arbor Day Foundation is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit conservation and education organization. The bark of older branches is gray or gray-brown and slightly roughened from the abundant small lenticels. Distinctive red flower stems contrast with the white berries. Cornus racemosa - the northern swamp dogwood - is a species in the family Cornaceae native to southeastern Canada and the northeastern United States. These are in Elm Creek Park Reserve. Eradication of this plant is not practical nor desirable. Though it will tolerate moderate shade, it does best in various open habitats, both natural and man-made. This highly adaptable shrub is ideally suited for wet sites, dry sites, natural- Rough-Leaved Dogwood Cornus drummondii Dogwood family (Cornaceae) Description: This woody plant is a shrub or small tree up to 20' tall with ascending to spreading branches. As its name indicates, Gray Dogwood has gray bark, and its leaves have 3 or 4 veins per side. They can also be grown as small trees to be used for foundations, entranceways, borders, or specimen planting. It forms a dense thicket, providing cover and nesting sites for wildlife. The Gray Dogwood is a native, gray-stemmed, thickly branched shrub. Leaf buds are black and look like bristles, forming on short stalks. The twigs are grey, rather than brown, and a lovely contrast to the new growth which begins as red. A large specimen has a trunk with grey bark. The gray dogwood can be expected to grow in Hardiness Zones 3–8. Gray dogwoods are great for borders, groups, and masses. symbol: CORA6 Leaf: Opposite, simple, ovate to elliptical, entire with arcuate veins, 2 1/2 to 5 inches long, dark green above, lighter below. Identification: This is an erect, perennial shrub that rises on multiple stems. Gray dogwood (stiff dogwood) (C. foemina) grows in swamps, bottomland forests, moist upland forests in ravines, banks of streams and rivers, margins of ponds and lakes, bases of bluffs, fens, acid seeps, and edges of bottomland and upland prairies; also fencerows, old fields, ditches, railroads, and roadsides. It forms a dense thicket, providing cover and nesting sites for wildlife. Gray dogwood is a native shrub that is a natural component of many woodland and prairie communities. It has a round headed with a profusion of creamy white flowers followed by white fruits borne on bright red bracts. Tiny raised area within a leaf scar, formed from the broken end of a vascular bundle. Older bark lower on the lower stems can be rough and scaly. Almost any character in the keys is open to exception, but identification is easier than the apparently overlapping statements might suggest. This bark is covered with rough flattened scales that are taller than wide. In late summer, clusters of bluish-white berries will mature. Your Name: Managers who are concerned by the abundance of gray dogwood on a particular managed area should determine the desired abundance of the shrub on the site before setting goals for control. Flower: Species is monoecious; small, dull white in upright racemes, about 2 inches across appearing in late early summer. This shrub adapts to dry and sandy soils. Photos courtesy Peter M. Dziuk taken in Anoka and Pine counties. Family: Dogwood Family (Cornaceae) Group: Dogwoods Distinctive features: Shrub Flowers: White Height: 3 m (9 ft) Habitat: Fields and Open Areas Books: Shrubs of Ontario: 355 Native/Non-native: Native Notes: A good plant for naturalizing wild areas. The gray dogwood is a forage plant for white-tailed deer. I know that elderberry grows in the wild in our area (coastal RI) but I’m a true novice at plant id. Also known as northern swamp dogwood, gray dogwood is a deciduous shrub that forms thickets as the underground rhizomes spread. Flowering Dogwood sometimes grows to the size of a small tree. Cornus racemosa - Gray Dogwood (Cornaceae)-----Cornus racemosa is a spreading, dense, stoloniferous shrub. Very tough and resilient! Aug 26, 2013 - Arborday.org Tree Nursery. Gray dogwood is a shrub with stiff, upright, irregular branches and is often thicket-forming; it is sometimes a small tree. They are beautiful, and I am glad to know they are not invasive! Dogwood shrubs let you enjoy many of the characteristics of dogwood trees on a smaller scale. Adapts to many soil types and conditions. If identification of the species is in doubt, the plant's identity should be confirmed by a knowledgeable individual and/or by consulting appropriate books. Follow the sound into thickets and vine tangles and you’ll be rewarded by a somber gray bird with a black cap and bright rusty feathers under the tail. A million members, donors, and partners support our programs to make our world greener and healthier. ... gray dogwood. Here, I'll go through each of the 4 common shrub dogwoods (gray, silky, red-osier, and round-leaf) with opposite branches and the 1 with alternate branches (alternate-leaf dogwood) that we have in Vermont. Glossary. This book had become my go to guide for identifying shrubs. To identify dogwood trees, look for their hard, grayish bark that looks like alligator skin. - 01) The gray (sometimes spelled "grey") dogwood is a native shrub or bush with numerous stems that can typically be found in moist or rocky ground along streams, ponds, wet meadows, glade and thickets. It forms a dense thicket, providing cover and nesting sites for wildlife. Most are deciduous trees or shrubs, but a few species are nearly herbaceous perennial subshrubs, and a few of the woody species are evergreen. Leaf and flower blight. Identifying Dogwood Trees: This is the second Instructable I have done in regards to identifying trees. This didn't help, Silky, Gray (C. racemosa) and Red-Osier Dogwood … The leaves have fewer lateral veins (3-4 pairs) than other dogwood species. While it may reach heights of more than 10 feet, 6 feet or less is more typical. Is occasionally grown as a small tree, where it can be used for foundations, entranceways, borders or specimen planting. Opposite leaved shrubs, except for Alternate-leaved Dogwood, which has - yup - alternate leaves. Length. This plant then transform come fall showcasing purple foliage in fall. Twigs are tan to orange-brown, smooth but for a few dark, raised lenticels (pores) the first year that give it a warty texture. How to Grow Roses From Cuttings Fast and Easy | Rooting Rose Cuttings with a 2 Liter Soda Bottle - … Gray Dogwood is a shrub, usually not over 6 feet high, forming a thicket. 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