Once in bloom the flowers will be White in color. Soil Ph: 6.1-7.5. The whitish 4-petaled flowers develop in flat-topped cymes at branch ends. Solomon Seal. Its showy red stems provide great winter interest. My seven year old wants to eat the fruit of our dogwood trees. Cornus sericea, syn. The whitish 4-petaled flowers develop in flat-topped cymes at branch ends. Flowering Dogwood can be identified by their fruit clusters. Item # L 1042 Shipping Size: 1-2 Feet. It is noted for attracting wildlife. The fruit are edible, but only marginally. Facts: Cornus. and northern California. It is in flower in May, and the seeds ripen in November. At certain stages of development, a couple plants in particular appear the closest of all to Elderberry: the Silky Dogwood (cornus amomum) and the Redosier (Red Osier) Dogwood (cornus sericea). Not as bitter as Flowering dogwood (considered a stronger medicine and used the same way), it still is not the best tasting and can be unsettling to the stomach. The Red Osier Dogwood Shrub does well or is tolerant in Well-Drained Clay, Loamy, Sandy soil. young flowers fried in butter. All parts edible, leaves high in vitamin A. OTHER USES. Red-Osier dogwood is a shrub (1-4 metres tall) with pointed oval leaves, bright red stems, white/green flowers and small white or blueish berries. These are red fruit clusters with elongated fruits. The same applies to the fruit of dogwood trees, some of which are edible some of which are not: Cornus florida, the dogwood species native to the Southeastern US, produces small red berries in the fall that are mildly poisonous to humans. View photos of the medicinal plant Cornus sericea (Red osier dogwood), profiled in Medicinal Plants of the Western Mountain States. Rootstock is edible. They were usually mixed with other mountain berries: Chokecherry, Serviceberry, etc. Other common names: Red Osier Cornel Other scientific names: Cornus sericea Family: Dogwood Family (Cornaceae) Group: Dogwoods Distinctive features: Shrub; This shrub has distinctive red bark and usually grows in wet areas.Twigs have white pith. It grows vigorously and spreads by underground stems to form a colony that can become weedy in some areas, though its spreading roots can help mitigate erosion. Edible Uses of Red Osier Dogwood. Fall Color: red. C. stolonifera, Swida sericea, red osier or red-osier dogwood, is a species of flowering plant in the family Cornaceae, native throughout northern and western North America from Alaska east to Newfoundland, south to Durango and Nuevo León in the west, and Illinois and Virginia in the east. It is in flower from May to June. Remove about a third of the stems at ground level every year. Find this dogwood in moist soils near wetlands and rivers throughout North America, from Newfoundland and New York to Alaska, B.C. Red-osier dogwood (Cornus sericea), as its name implies, lends color to wetlands year-round, but it really comes into its own at this time of year. Red osier rootbark should always be first dried due to the fresh material’s more pronounced nauseating effect. Berries on underside of the stem are poisonous. Willow-like branches for basket weaving…the inner upper stem bark as an ingredient in smoking mixtures…useful all around. In early spring this shrub is especially noticeable, as its red bark becomes much more vivid due to anthocyanin pigments which are affected by light intensity. Edible parts of Red Osier Dogwood: Fruit - raw or cooked. It’ll help in identifying the plant during the colder seasons from other streamside shrubs. genes’ expression [23]. The alternative name for this shrub is Redosier Dogwood. Harrington wrote that Red-osier “is said to be aromatic and pungent, giving a narcotic effect approaching stupefaction”. In fall expect to see the leaves transition to a beautiful hue of Red and purple. Finally, Red-osier dogwood extract decreased in Caco-2 cells Cornus sericea is a deciduous Shrub growing to 2.5 m (8ft) by 4 m (13ft) at a fast rate. Most western Dogwoods have small flowers like these, unlike Flowering dogwood (Cornus florida) of the eastern part of the country with its much larger display. Goldenrod. The red osier dogwood reaches a height and width of 5 to 9 feet. Scrape away the rootbark (and bark from the lower stems); dry for tea or tincture preparations. The berries and stones are edible raw, dried or cooked, but they are sour and bitter. as mentioned above the fruit is not edible. TRADITIONAL USES BY INDIGENOUS PEOPLES. White berries, not edible to humans. The fruit can cause nausea. The berries are edible (in spite of their bitterness) and boiled bark is used as a poultice to relieve pain and swelling. This means the cold infusion is a choice preparation for the plant; however, a regular infusion of the rootbark will also be found adequate. The redosier dogwood prefers full sun with an evenly moist soil, but has wide range of tolerance except for extremely dry conditions. It loves to get its toes wet! The berries are edible (in spite of their bitterness) and boiled bark is used as a poultice to relieve pain and swelling. Red-osier Dogwood Stems . Growth habit and range: Red osier dogwood is a common, multi-stemmed shrub growing to a height of up to 3 meters, which occurs in moist sites throughout the province. Bitter and unpalatable according to some reports, it was mixed with other fruits such as juneberries (Amelanchier spp) and then dried for winter use by native North Americans. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. This native shrub can be admired in its natural habitat along rocky Alaskan shorelines, as well as in streamside and upland forests stretching south through Oregon. This dwarf variety reaches just 3-5' feet rather than the 8-10' of conventional red-twig dogwood. Other names include red brush, red willow, redstem dogwood, redtwig dogwood, red-rood, American dogwood, creek dogwood, and wes… Periodic renewal of this shrub by cutting it back to the ground will allow the red color of the younger stems to show. If in need of a condensed preparation (nausea being an issue with the poor–tasting tea), the dried plant tincture of the rootbark should be considered. Red twig dogwood care is minimal except for pruning. Morphology: This Northwest native deciduous shrub grows to a height of 6’-10’ with an equal to greater spread. Growth is best on moist, loamy, well-drained soil (not heavy clay) with mulch or leaf litter accumulated over the roots. The primary goal of pruning red twig dogwoods is to remove the old stems that no longer show good winter color. Red-osier dogwood is a large erect shrub best suited where the background, such as evergreens, will show off the dark red winter stems. Medicinal Uses of Red Osier Dogwood. This shrub spreads easily: it has many stems, and often lower branches touch the ground and put down roots. Cornus sericea ‘Red Osier Dogwood’ Zone: 3–8 Height: 6–9 feet Spread: 8–12 feet Foliage: green turning red and purplish red in fall with notable bright red branches Flowers: white Berries: creamy white Edible? Its leaves, although smaller than red-osier dogwood, have similar prominent parallel veins and latex. Remember this feature. Stem is zig-zagged. Besides attractive, red stems in the winter, red-osier dogwood has yellowish-white flowers that appear in late May to early June and bluish-white fruit borne in late summer. For centuries, humans have also used the hard wood of dogwood for basketry, wicker, farm … They can be used in moderation in sweet and sour recipes. It is hardy to zone (UK) 2 and is not frost tender. LGS Notes: Red twig dogwood, also called redosier dogwood, is a large shrub with bright red branches that add color to winter landscapes. The fruit is up to 9mm in diameter. They’re a great candidate for mixing with sweet serviceberries. Cornus sericea (Red osier dogwood) Mainly a higher mountain shrub in the West, Red osier gets little medicinal attention these days…even in the past it was a folk medicine of folk medicines. The branches (pictured in Feb.) are a notable red-purple. It often forms a thicket. Mainly a higher mountain shrub in the West, Red osier gets little medicinal attention these days…even in the past it was a folk medicine of folk medicines. The decoction, due to its continued application of heat, will be of some use, just not optimal. GROWING ZONES: 2-9 / SUN EXPOSURE: Full Sun Try adding Mint or Ginger if this is the case. Annual pruning is essential to keep the brilliant colors of the twigs. • Round-leaved Dogwood (Cornus rugosa) - has large round leaves. He recommended its use only in moderation. Are they edible? Some tribes ate the white, sour berries, while others used the Ethnobotanic: Native Americans smoke the inner bark of redosier dogwood in tobacco mixtures used in the sacred pipe ceremony. Similar species: • Silky Dogwood (Cornus obliqua) - has striped bark. During a multi-day fever (flu, common viral infection, wintertime cold, etc.) Its powdered bark was made into toothpaste and the root bark provided a scarlet dye. This species was formerly known as Cornus stolonifera. It may have some immunological impact, but Cornus and its iridoid glycosides (cornin et al.) Red Osier Dogwood (Cornus sericea) If you’re looking to plant in marshy or streamside territory look no further than Red Osier Dogwood. I think he tried them already and is now asking for 'permission' because I caught him getting ready to eat one. Red Twig Dogwood Care. Aboriginal people also used red osier dogwood: the bark was smoked in pipes or used to make red dye and the branches were used to make baskets. https://www.barnesandnoble.com/charles-w-kane/, https://www.indiebound.org/charles-w-kane/, http://www.booksamillion.com/charles-w-kane/, Cornus sericea | Red osier dogwood | Medicinal Uses, Medicinal Plants of the American Southwest, Medicinal Plants of the Western Mountain States, Sonoran Desert Food Plants: Edible Uses for the Desert’s Wild Bounty (Second Edition), Southern California Food Plants: Wild Edibles of the Valleys, Foothills, Coast, and Beyond, Wild Edible Plants of Texas: A Pocket Guide to the Identification, Collection, Preparation, and Use of 60 Wild Plants of the Lone Star State, Studies in Western Herbal Medicine (Retired), Rubus flagellaris | Northern dewberry | Edible and Medicinal Uses, Shepherdia canadensis | Buffalo berry | Edible Uses, Lithospermum incisum | Fringed puccoon | Medicinal Uses, Coriandrum sativum | Coriander | Medicinal Uses, Ceanothus velutinus | Red root | Medicinal Uses, Arctostaphylos uva-ursi | Uva-ursi | Medicinal Uses, Chaerophyllum procumbens | Wild chervil | Medicinal Uses, Hemerocallis fulva | Day lily | Edible Uses, Aloysia citriodora | Lemon verbena | Medicinal Uses, Rubus pensilvanicus | Pennsylvania blackberry | Edible and Medicinal Uses, Rosa multiflora | Multiflora rose | Edible and Medicinal Uses. While the red osier and red twig both have red stems, the C. sericea Flaviramia has yellow stems , and the Cardinal cultivar is multi stemmed and rapidly growing with red stems. Bunchberry dogwood has whorls of 4–7 leaves and clusters of small, greenish-white or yellowish flowers in a central button surrounded by 4 white, petal-like bracts. They create a nice green backdrop to highlight other colorful plants throughout the rest of the year. are not well-researched, so that’s conjecture. Edible parts of Red Osier Dogwood: Fruit - raw or cooked. False Solomon Seal. They look a little like big cherries, are light red and have dots all over. The Cornus alba variety has leaves that are a greenish gray in color with a white border in a variegated pattern. Description Red Twig Dogwood is best known for its bright red winter stems which add color when it is needed most. Q. Family: Cornaceae Genus: Cornus Common: Red Twig Dogwood, Red Osier Dogwood Native Range: Low to mid-elevations throughout most of North America, along streams, in floodplains and boggy areas, moist to wet woodlands. A passage from Medicinal Plants of the Western Mountain States: At least one important glycoside (cornin) in Red osier (and in other Cornus species) has been shown to diminish significantly in the presence of heat. Flowering dogwood, in particular, proved suitable for making bowls, pipes, mallets, golf clubs, and tool handles. Edible plant enthusiast H.D. It has clusters of bright red, fleshy fruits with a single hard seed. Red-osier dogwood provides an important source of winter food for moose, elk and deer. Its smaller size makes this variety a great breakthrough for smaller gardens or residential landscapes. Dogwood, Kousa 1-0 (Cornus kousa) Zone 5-8 Full sun to shade tolerant Kousa dogwood is a slow-growing tree that will reach heights of 20 to 30 feet. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. Juicy. He told me that he heard they were edible. Red-osier dogwood extract was also shown to increase the transepithelial resistance (TEER) value through inhibition of disorganization of tight junction proteins such as zonula occludens-1 (ZO-1) and claudin-3 [23]. It is best suited where the background, such as evergreens, will show off the dark red winter stems. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. Seed. Registered charitable number: 11914 9797 RR0001. Whatever the mechanism, timed during the temperature lulls, the herb facilitates a ‘better’ fever response, assisting the body in getting well more quickly. Red-twig dogwood tolerates a range of soil conditions, including wet and dry sites, and is also air pollution tolerant. Dreamcatchers, originating with the Potawotami, are made with the stems of the sacred redosier dogwood. Red-Osier Dogwood (Cornus stolonifera) is a large, 7 to 9 feet erect shrub that is fast-growing, usually in the 7-9 foot range but it can reach to 10 feet, especially in rich, moist soils. Arctic Fire ® Red dogwood has beautiful red stems and a compact habit and is at its in the winter sunlight. when temperatures are low (usually in the morning), before spiking at night, take the herb as a mild circulatory-vitality stimulant. Shoots in spring are edible. Description: This plant is notable for the smooth, red bark of young twigs, which becomes greyish and roughened on older stems. The striking red stems of the Red-Osier dogwood make them a popular ornamental plant. Red-osier dogwood provides an important source of winter food for moose, elk and deer. Be ready to see a variety of wildlife drawn to the Red Osier Dogwood Shrub as they can attract Birds and butterflies. One nice thing about collecting Red osier is the abundance of colony plants on the edges of a stand – branches successfully root and form new plants when they lay on the ground. White Dogwood and Pink Dogwood Pink Dogwood (Photo By: Reggaeman / Wikimedia Commons) Flowering Dogwood(Cornus florida) has very showy flowers in early spring. The red fruits are edible, and they look like a big round raspberry. Cornus florida is a deciduous Shrub growing to 6 m (19ft) by 8 m (26ft) at a medium rate. It has sometimes been considered a synonym of the Asian species Cornus alba. Bitter and unpalatable according to some reports, it was mixed with other fruits such as juneberries (Amelanchier spp) and then dried for winter use by native North Americans. These shrubs are beautiful in the fall and winter season. It grows quite rapidly, akin to its cousin the flowering dogwood (Cornus florida), which gains a height of 2 feet each growing season and is winter-hardy in USDA zones 5 through 8. ... 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